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Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on

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Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2005, 18:29
C is best.

'Account for' is the correct idiom. Others sound awkward or use invalid pronouns.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming


A is wrong with the tense "accounts".
The use of semicolon in B is wrong because it seperates the two related clauses.
D is wrong with the incorrect usage of comma and changing the main verb " account" into "accounting for"
E is wrong coz it makes the sentence lack of main verb.
I'm left with C.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2005, 05:09
By POE it must be C.

A. accounts- wrong verb tense
B. use of the semicolon distorts the overall meaning
D. comma after heavily makes the sentence illogical.
E. with the remainder of it coming is grammatically incorrect
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2005, 06:05
Good job guys. OA is C.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - CORRECT
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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in C , what type of modifier is the following modifer : 'the remainder of the increase coming...'


kindly help..
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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Hi Sachin9,


The phrase “the remainder of the increase coming..” appears to be a run-on, but it is not. It’s a Nominative absolute or absolute phrase.

It modifies the main subject and verb of the sentence.

To identify a nominative absolute is to add a verb; you can always make a sentence out of a nominative absolute by adding a verb (usually a to be form of a verb) see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nominative_absolute

The given sentence could be modified as --

the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

In option C the sentence is not in its best form but other answer choices contain easily detectable errors.

In a lot of GMAT SC questions it becomes difficult to determine why an answer choice is correct because there could always be better versions of the correct sentence; It is much easier to POE.

Hope it helps,

Vercules
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2013, 02:25
C is structure with absolute phrase.

main clause, +absolute phrase (1)

if we have 2 sentence

sentence 1; sentence 2 (2)

we can make (1) into (2) by cut off the main verb. This way make (1) have some spcific points which we need to know

absolute phrase has no semantic/meaning relation with the main clause. forget the meaing relation, any meaning relation is good. some person said that absolute phrase provides context for main clause. this is not neccessary.

I learn gmat, the result that will be good.

is correct and "the result...." is not context of learning

when you see absolute phrase, even if absolute phrase has "with", forget the meaning relation between it and main clause. "with" in the absolute phrase can or can not refer to a specific noun in the main clause

with my good spirit rising, my learning gmat is good.

is my thinking correct? pls comment.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2013, 02:28
sorry
we can make (2) into (1)

I edit the previous posting. sorry for typing problem
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2013, 17:44
IMO :C
issues with the other options has already been described.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2013, 04:16
Can anyone please help how to rule out D, and in C its stated the remainder of the increase coming, but instead of coming shouldn't it be came.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2015, 14:18
Vercules wrote:
Hi Sachin9,


The phrase “the remainder of the increase coming..” appears to be a run-on, but it is not. It’s a Nominative absolute or absolute phrase.

It modifies the main subject and verb of the sentence.

To identify a nominative absolute is to add a verb; you can always make a sentence out of a nominative absolute by adding a verb (usually a to be form of a verb) see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nominative_absolute

The given sentence could be modified as --

the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

In option C the sentence is not in its best form but other answer choices contain easily detectable errors.

In a lot of GMAT SC questions it becomes difficult to determine why an answer choice is correct because there could always be better versions of the correct sentence; It is much easier to POE.

Hope it helps,

Vercules


In answer choice B this expression "the remainder of the increase coming" is stated after a semicolon, and we need a clause after a semi colon, BUT it's not
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2016, 07:31
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.


A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came -Remove the fluff and read the sentence. its a fragment. Increases in sales accounted for X, Remainder came from other drugs Fragment. Hence ignore.
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Increase in sales were what accounted for - Doesn't make sense. Sentence split using a semi-colon. The remainder of the increase coming - No Verb
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - Increase in sales of X that were advertised most heavily, while the remainder - Doesn't convey any meaning
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming - Same problem like D. change the meaing "Heavily,bla bla, With". Also Usage of which is wrong.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2016, 18:59
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming



A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came - Incorrect - Subject Verb error
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Incorrect - Wrong usage of ';'
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - Correct
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - Incorrect - Missing Verb error
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming - Incorrect - Missing Verb error

Answer: C
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2016, 10:03
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming


Hi E-gmat,

I have couple of questions:

1. Is the usage of 'the remainder of which correct in option 1. If yes. what does which refers to? And what kind of structure this is.
2. Is the usage of what accounted for correct in option 2 and does this modify the increases in sale
3. Is while an appropriate connector for the clause 'while the remainder... came in option d

Also, It would be helpful if you can throw some light on the right usage of What and It in the sentence. I have often noticed that majority of the times the usage of it without an antecedent and what in a sentence are incorrect. But, I am also coming across options where it is correct. Please help.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2016, 11:29
nishatfarhat87 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

Hi E-gmat,

I have couple of questions:

1. Is the usage of 'the remainder of which correct in option 1. If yes. what does which refers to? And what kind of structure this is.
2. Is the usage of what accounted for correct in option 2 and does this modify the increases in sale
3. Is while an appropriate connector for the clause 'while the remainder... came in option d

Also, It would be helpful if you can throw some light on the right usage of What and It in the sentence. I have often noticed that majority of the times the usage of it without an antecedent and what in a sentence are incorrect. But, I am also coming across options where it is correct. Please help.



Hi Nishat,

Thanks for posting your query here. :-)

1. Yes, there is no issue with the usage of remainder of which = half of the $20.8 billion. What we see after comma is a DC that connects with the preceding IC with a comma.
2. Grammatically, the usage of what accounted for is not incorrect. It surely is very wordy and indirect in conveying the intended meaning. What is not a modifier that it will modify anything. But yes, it does associate with increase in sales of the 50 drugs as this is the factor that accounts for whatever is mentioned in teh sentence.
3. Yes, usage of while as the connector in Choice D is correct as it has been used to show the the factor that contributed to the increase in sales of the 50 drugs. So while has been used to present simultaneous action.

The word what is an interrogative pronoun that must be used in questions.
Apart from referring to a particular noun or a pronoun, pronoun it is also used as a placeholder in a sentence. As a placeholder, it does not refer to any entity in the sentence. For example:

a. It was very windy last night.
b. It is impossible to finish the project in two days.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on   [#permalink] 13 May 2016, 11:29
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