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According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2018, 14:44
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Eladt wrote:
I read all of the explanations provided, but still haven't understood why (C) is the right answer.
GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo and EMPOWERgmatVerbal
can you please explain?

If I incorporate option choice (C) we get:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

If the phrase starting with “the remainder of the increase coming...” is a new sentence - dont we need a verb?
if it doesnt, how can it modifies a subject ("the remainder of the increase") that has been mentioned for the first time in the sentence?

"The remainder of the increase coming from sales..." is a modifier providing more information about the previously mentioned "$20.8 billion increase." Put another way, the $20.8 billion increase had two components: more sales of heavily advertised drugs and more sales of not-so-heavily advertised drugs. We're told about the heavily advertised drugs in the main clause, and the other drugs are described in the modifier.

It's a pretty common construction, and there's nothing technically wrong with it. Here's another example, "Once the trick-or-treaters returned home, Tim fed half of his leftover candy to feral dogs, the other half of the candy devoured by his feral toddlers." The portion in red is playing the same role here - modifying the previously mentioned "leftover candy."

I hope that helps!
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2018, 06:07
nakib77 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.


(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came

(B) heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

(C) heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming

(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came

(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming



How is "the remainder of the increase coming" correct in option C
mikemcgarry can you please explain.

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2019, 07:20
Nidheesha

Quote:
How is "the remainder of the increase coming" correct in option C


coming is a verb-ing modifier modifying remainder of increase. It describes where does remaining increase come from.
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New post 24 Apr 2019, 15:26
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adkikani wrote:
Nidheesha

Quote:
How is "the remainder of the increase coming" correct in option C


coming is a verb-ing modifier modifying remainder of increase. It describes where does remaining increase come from.


Exactly. And "the remainder" is introducing a modifier. Think of it as saying "with the remainder." That might be clearer, but we often see modifiers introduced in this way, with the expected link missing. For instance, we might say "The university awarded 200 PhD's last year, the majority in the sciences."
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According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Apr 2020, 02:55
nakib77 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.


(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came

(B) heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

(C) heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming

(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came

(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming


look at choice A/

of course, "account" is wrong. this is easy. but I want to say about "the remainder of which".

this is wrong.
"remainder of which" is used to say about characteristic of the 20 bilion increase . this characteristic exist indefinitely . here we dont want to say about a characteristic of the 20 billion increase. we want to say two parallel ideas: increase in sale of 50 drug acccount for half of the total inclrease, and the remander of which come from xxx.

these are two ideas which are parallel logically. and , we are told that they should be in parallel forms.

yes, in choice C, the use of ABSOLUTE PHRASE show the parallel ideas. the absolute phrase has meaning dependent absolutely from the meaning of the main clause. that is why it is called absolute. the absolute phrase can be replaced with an independent clause. but to make shorter sentence, we use an absolute phrase not an independent clause. in conclusion. absolute phrase present an idea parallel with idea of the main clause.

the take away is that ABSOLUTE PHRASE PRESENT A PARALELL IDEA WITH THE MAIN CLAUSE IDEA.

so, choice C offer what we need.

Originally posted by thangvietnam on 03 May 2019, 07:15.
Last edited by thangvietnam on 04 Apr 2020, 02:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2019, 07:53
I read all posts but I still have a doubt between B and C

The remainder came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. Isnt this sentence a independent clause. And I belive a connector like AND would be a better choice over option C
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2019, 18:36
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krishnabalu wrote:
I read all posts but I still have a doubt between B and C

The remainder came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. Isnt this sentence a independent clause. And I belive a connector like AND would be a better choice over option C
This is the sentence that option B leads to:

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

Coming is not a verb, so the remainder coming is not a complete thought.
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New post 06 Jun 2019, 05:49
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
If you're wondering what would happen if we focused on #2 instead, here is how things would break down:

(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came

The main problem with this is the phrase "the remainder of which." It's not 100% clear what this is referring back to: the remainder of the drugs, the sales of drugs, or increase in drug spending? If it's not 100% clear, then it's likely an INCORRECT option.
.


Doesn't the phrase "the remainder of which" logically refer to the noun immediate to its left, in this case, "drug spending last year"?. This is my thinking because when I saw the word "which" in the "remainder of which", I applied the same rule as when I see comma + which (modifying the noun immediately before the comma). I understand why B is wrong, I just want to clarify that part in your explanation.

Thanks!
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2019, 09:21
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Diwabag wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
If you're wondering what would happen if we focused on #2 instead, here is how things would break down:

(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came

The main problem with this is the phrase "the remainder of which." It's not 100% clear what this is referring back to: the remainder of the drugs, the sales of drugs, or increase in drug spending? If it's not 100% clear, then it's likely an INCORRECT option.
.


Doesn't the phrase "the remainder of which" logically refer to the noun immediate to its left, in this case, "drug spending last year"?. This is my thinking because when I saw the word "which" in the "remainder of which", I applied the same rule as when I see comma + which (modifying the noun immediately before the comma). I understand why B is wrong, I just want to clarify that part in your explanation.

Thanks!


Hello Diwabag!

You can't apply the same logic to comma+which clauses as you do "the remainder of which." Even if you did, you'd end up applying it to the closest noun, not noun phrase, which is the word "year." Since that doesn't really make sense, you would still rule this out.

I hope that helps!
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2019, 06:56
AjiteshArun

I have read explanations on this post. Experts suggested that option B is incorrect because the latter part after semicolon in not an independent clause.
I know that semicolon is used between two independent clauses and clause is a phrase with both subject and verb.However, this option doesn't has dependent marker such as after, although, as, as if, because, before, even f, even though, in order to, since, though, unless, until, whatever, when, whenever, whether, and while.
i am not able to figure out what is subject and verb in the latter clause after semicolon.

can someone please help me out with this . :)
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2019, 18:13
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Smitc007 wrote:
AjiteshArun

I have read explanations on this post. Experts suggested that option B is incorrect because the latter part after semicolon in not an independent clause.
I know that semicolon is used between two independent clauses and clause is a phrase with both subject and verb.However, this option doesn't has dependent marker such as after, although, as, as if, because, before, even f, even though, in order to, since, though, unless, until, whatever, when, whenever, whether, and while.
i am not able to figure out what is subject and verb in the latter clause after semicolon.

can someone please help me out with this . :)
Hi Smitc007,

1. Let's take the word because. Because is a subordinating conjunction. Subordinating conjunctions introduce (start) subordinate clauses (also known as dependent clauses). For example:

Sales of cars increased ← Independent clause, subject + verb
because prices came down. ← Dependent clause, subordinating conjunction + subject + verb

2. A semicolon can be placed in between two independent clauses:

a. Sales of cars increased; prices came down. ← Don't worry about meaning here, as we are looking only at structure.
b. Sales of cars increased; because prices came down. ← This is incorrect, as the structure after the semicolon is not an independent clause.

Now let's take another example in which we don't have an independent clause after the semicolon.

c. Sales of cars increased; prices coming down. ← This is incorrect.

Here we have an -ing (coming). An -ing is never a "complete" verb capable of supporting the subject of an independent clause on its own. Instead, to do that, it needs a helping verb. So, for example, we can consider the following "complete" verbs:

are coming down, have been coming down, were coming down...

However, "coming down" is not a complete verb, and it cannot combine with prices to create an independent clause.

This is why option B is incorrect. The coming at the end is not a ("complete") verb, and we therefore don't have an independent clause after the semicolon.

... increases in the sales... were...; the remainder of the increase coming from...

3. An additional point (not related to this question): semicolons can also be used as "big commas".
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2019, 21:37
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AjiteshArun wrote:
krishnabalu wrote:
I read all posts but I still have a doubt between B and C

The remainder came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. Isnt this sentence a independent clause. And I belive a connector like AND would be a better choice over option C
This is the sentence that option B leads to:

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

Coming is not a verb, so the remainder coming is not a complete thought.


AjiteshArun,

Understood that option 'C' is the best and that I missed the verb part, after semi colon, in the option 'B'.

Just for my understanding and not relating to any other options available, if the option 'B' had, after the semi colon, 'came' instead of 'coming' would it then have been a grammatically correct sentence?

I think yes because now in the independent clause the subject 'remainder of the increase' has 'came' as its verb.


Thanks
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2019, 05:27
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Sarjaria84 wrote:
AjiteshArun,

Understood that option 'C' is the best and that I missed the verb part, after semi colon, in the option 'B'.

Just for my understanding and not relating to any other options available, if the option 'B' had, after the semi colon, 'came' instead of 'coming' would it then have been a grammatically correct sentence?

I think yes because now in the independent clause the subject 'remainder of the increase' has 'came' as its verb.


Thanks
Saurabh
Hi Sarjaria84,

Yes, it would have been grammatically correct. Still not better than C, but better than it originally was.
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New post 28 Mar 2020, 03:01
dear GMATNinja
is not option A is wrong because 2 clauses are just joined by a comma?

Thnaks and regards
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2020, 06:24
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ramuramu1838 wrote:
dear GMATNinja
is not option A is wrong because 2 clauses are just joined by a comma?

Thnaks and regards

This actually isn't much different than a normal noun modifier clause:

  • "In 1920, archaeologists discovered the treasure, which was hidden for over 500 years." - No problem here. The "which" clause modifies "treasure" and is separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. The part after the comma is not a complete sentence on its own, so we don't need a conjunction.
  • "The museum houses 1,000 paintings, of which half were donated by a wealthy art collector." - Again, no problem. The part after the comma is not a complete sentence, so no conjunction is needed.
  • "In 1920, archaeologists discovered most of the treasure, the remainder of which was discovered by hikers in 1970." - Same idea here. The "of which" clause is just a comma-separated modifier, not a complete thought.

Now if we remove "of which" from that last example, it's an entirely different story:

  • "In 1920, archaeologists discovered most of the treasure, the remainder was discovered by hikers in 1970." - This is no longer correct. The part after the comma IS a complete sentence ("The remainder was discovered by hikers."), so we would need a conjunction after the comma (or a semicolon instead of a comma).

I hope that helps!
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According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2020, 23:14
814. According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
Meaning:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, = some study has been done, so we will have some facts coming out from this
increases in the sales of the 50 drugs = subject is plural “increases” .
that(drugs) were advertised most heavily = that clause, “that” as reference pronoun
accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, = So as per meaning, increases (subject) accounts (the verb) for some money “last year”. “Last year” is a clear time marker. So, the event happened in past and no longer has any effect on present, we need simple past tense for the subject. So, SV pair doesn’t agree
the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines = Subject “ the remainder” verb “came”. Correct.
that companies did not advertise or advertised very little = “that” referring to medicines so fine.
Finally, we can see the error is with verb tenses. Need to fix that
Error:
(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
As pointed out above

(B) heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
Worst than A, coming, what accounted for. Clumsy writing

(C) heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
Correct, “the remainder of the increase coming” - coming is not a noun modifier here. So modifying “increase”

(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
NO verb for first part

(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
Verb not present for first part. Singular “it” referring to plural increases
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New post 11 May 2020, 23:30
A is wrong with the tense "accounts".
The use of semicolon in B is wrong because it seperates the two related clauses.
D is wrong with the incorrect usage of comma and changing the main verb " account" into "accounting for"
E is wrong becayse it makes the sentence lack of main verb.
C is the Answer by POE.
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New post 21 May 2020, 20:46
Can someone please explain why D is wrong?

the word Accounting is modifying to the whole phrase before it.

Many answers in the discussion are saying that this answer is missing a verb. However, I am wondering, if the word "increase" after $20.8 billion can be considered as a verb?
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription   [#permalink] 21 May 2020, 20:46

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