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A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2008, 22:22

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A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged along a side of a table. If the quarters and the dime have to face heads up, while the nickel can face either heads up or tails up, how many different arrangements of coins are possible? A. 12 B. 24 C. 48 D. 72 E. 96

can somone explain this please? 4!/2! to get to diff ways the coins can be placed taking into acct the repeat in quarters but i don't get the *2! part. Thanks!

Welcome to Gmat Club.

THEORY. Permutations of \(n\) things of which \(P_1\) are alike of one kind, \(P_2\) are alike of second kind, \(P_3\) are alike of third kind ... \(P_r\) are alike of \(r_{th}\) kind such that: \(P_1+P_2+P_3+..+P_r=n\) is:

\(\frac{n!}{P_1!*P_2!*P_3!*...*P_r!}\).

For example number of permutation of the letters of the word "gmatclub" is \(8!\) as there are 8 DISTINCT letters in this word.

Number of permutation of the letters of the word "google" is \(\frac{6!}{2!2!}\), as there are 6 letters out of which "g" and "o" are represented twice.

Number of permutation of 9 balls out of which 4 are red, 3 green and 2 blue, would be \(\frac{9!}{4!3!2!}\).

BACK TO THE ORIGINAL QUESTION: A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged along a side of a table. If the quarters and the dime have to face heads up, while the nickel can face either heads up or tails up, how many different arrangements of coins are possible? A. 12 B. 24 C. 48 D. 72 E. 96

# of arrangements of a nickel, a dime, and 2 quarters, or arrangements of 4 letters NDQQ out of which 2 Q's appear twice will be \(\frac{4!}{2!}\). Next, as nickel can face either heads up or tails up then we should multiple this number by 2, so finally we'll get: \(\frac{4!}{2!}*2=24\).

can somone explain this please? 4!/2! to get to diff ways the coins can be placed taking into acct the repeat in quarters but i don't get the *2! part. Thanks!

Welcome to Gmat Club.

THEORY. Permutations of \(n\) things of which \(P_1\) are alike of one kind, \(P_2\) are alike of second kind, \(P_3\) are alike of third kind ... \(P_r\) are alike of \(r_{th}\) kind such that: \(P_1+P_2+P_3+..+P_r=n\) is:

\(\frac{n!}{P_1!*P_2!*P_3!*...*P_r!}\).

For example number of permutation of the letters of the word "gmatclub" is \(8!\) as there are 8 DISTINCT letters in this word.

Number of permutation of the letters of the word "google" is \(\frac{6!}{2!2!}\), as there are 6 letters out of which "g" and "o" are represented twice.

Number of permutation of 9 balls out of which 4 are red, 3 green and 2 blue, would be \(\frac{9!}{4!3!2!}\).

BACK TO THE ORIGINAL QUESTION: A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged along a side of a table. If the quarters and the dime have to face heads up, while the nickel can face either heads up or tails up, how many different arrangements of coins are possible? A. 12 B. 24 C. 48 D. 72 E. 96

# of arrangements of a nickel, a dime, and 2 quarters, or arrangements of 4 letters NDQQ out of which 2 Q's appear twice will be \(\frac{4!}{2!}\). Next, as nickel can face either heads up or tails up then we should multiple this number by 2, so finally we'll get: \(\frac{4!}{2!}*2=24\).

Answer: B.

Hope it's clear.

I completely understood the concept. But i am little doubtful about one more condition given " If the quarters and dime have to face heads up" Do we assume that they are facing up or we should subtract the possibility of having tails up??

The nickel can face either heads up or tails up, thus we multiply the total # of ways in which we can arrange NDQQ by 2. The quarters and the dime have to face heads up, so only 1 choice for both of them, thus we don't need to multiply further.

Re: A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2012, 07:29

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marcodonzelli wrote:

A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged along a side of a table. If the quarters and the dime have to face heads up, while the nickel can face either heads up or tails up, how many different arrangements of coins are possible? A. 12 B. 24 C. 48 D. 72 E. 96

How many ways to arrange {N}{D}{Q}{Q} ? \(=\frac{4!}{2!} = 12\)

\(=12*1*1*1*(2)\) Since there are two ways to arrange the nickel...

Hi, shouldn't the answer be 48. For the Nickel and the Dime, we can select 2 places out of 4 in 4C2 ways followed by the arrangement in 2! ways. The two quarters then can have 4 combinations (HH, HT, TH, TT).

Please ignore any typos as I am new to this forum.

Hi, you have adopted the correct approach but misread the Q.. It says that quarters and dime have to be faced heads up.. ONLY Nickel can be either head or tail.. so Nickel can be placed in two ways.. ans 4C2*2!*2= 24..
_________________

Re: still permutations with repetitions [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2012, 17:14

can somone explain this please? 4!/2! to get to diff ways the coins can be placed taking into acct the repeat in quarters but i don't get the *2! part. Thanks!

Re: still permutations with repetitions [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2012, 09:09

Bunuel wrote:

T740qc wrote:

can somone explain this please? 4!/2! to get to diff ways the coins can be placed taking into acct the repeat in quarters but i don't get the *2! part. Thanks!

Welcome to Gmat Club.

THEORY. Permutations of \(n\) things of which \(P_1\) are alike of one kind, \(P_2\) are alike of second kind, \(P_3\) are alike of third kind ... \(P_r\) are alike of \(r_{th}\) kind such that: \(P_1+P_2+P_3+..+P_r=n\) is:

\(\frac{n!}{P_1!*P_2!*P_3!*...*P_r!}\).

For example number of permutation of the letters of the word "gmatclub" is \(8!\) as there are 8 DISTINCT letters in this word.

Number of permutation of the letters of the word "google" is \(\frac{6!}{2!2!}\), as there are 6 letters out of which "g" and "o" are represented twice.

Number of permutation of 9 balls out of which 4 are red, 3 green and 2 blue, would be \(\frac{9!}{4!3!2!}\).

BACK TO THE ORIGINAL QUESTION: A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged along a side of a table. If the quarters and the dime have to face heads up, while the nickel can face either heads up or tails up, how many different arrangements of coins are possible? A. 12 B. 24 C. 48 D. 72 E. 96

# of arrangements of a nickel, a dime, and 2 quarters, or arrangements of 4 letters NDQQ out of which 2 Q's appear twice will be \(\frac{4!}{2!}\). Next, as nickel can face either heads up or tails up then we should multiple this number by 2, so finally we'll get: \(\frac{4!}{2!}*2=24\).

Answer: B.

Hope it's clear.

I completely understood the concept. But i am little doubtful about one more condition given " If the quarters and dime have to face heads up" Do we assume that they are facing up or we should subtract the possibility of having tails up??

Re: A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2014, 11:19

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Re: A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2015, 21:31

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged [#permalink]

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07 May 2016, 01:42

Hi, shouldn't the answer be 48. For the Nickel and the Dime, we can select 2 places out of 4 in 4C2 ways followed by the arrangement in 2! ways. The two quarters then can have 4 combinations (HH, HT, TH, TT).

Re: A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged [#permalink]

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07 May 2016, 04:31

[quote="marcodonzelli"]A nickel, a dime, and 2 identical quarters are arranged along a side of a table. If the quarters and the dime have to face heads up, while the nickel can face either heads up or tails up, how many different arrangements of coins are possible? A. 12 B. 24 C. 48 D. 72 E. 96

No of ways when nickel face head=4!/2!=12 no of ways when nickel face tail= 4!/2!=12 total no of ways =24

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