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A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2012, 08:01

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A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragraphs. A 2-paragraph preface is then added to the report. Is the average (arithmetic mean) number of words per paragraph for all 25 paragraphs less than 120 ?

(1) Each paragraph of the preface has more than 100 words. (2) Each paragraph of the preface has fewer than 150 words.

Re: A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2012, 08:06

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A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragraphs. A 2-paragraph preface is then added to the report. Is the average (arithmetic mean) number of words per paragraph for all 25 paragraphs less than 120 ?

The question asks whether the average number of words per paragraph for all 25 paragraphs is less than 120, or whether the total number of words for all 25 paragraphs is less than 25*120=3,000. Thus, the question basically asks whether the total number of words for 2-paragraph preface is less than 3,000-2,600=400.

(1) Each paragraph of the preface has more than 100 words. This implies that the total number of words for 2-paragraph preface is more than 200. Not sufficient.

(2) Each paragraph of the preface has fewer than 150 words. This implies that the total number of words for 2-paragraph preface is less than 300. Sufficient.

Re: A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2014, 08:01

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Re: A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2014, 09:27

the report already has 2600 words and 23 paragraphs .. if 2 paragraphs are added that would take the total no. of paragraphs to 25. for the average no .of of words per paragraph to be less than 120, the total no. of words need to be less than 3000.

statement I says , the paragraphs have more than 100 words .. but do not extly how much .. could be 500 each in which case the toal number of words in the report may go well beyond 3000.

statement II says, the new paragraphs have less than 150 words.. so the two new paragraphs together have less than 300 words.. so the total no .of words in the paragraph will be less than 3000.

Re: A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2014, 00:34

If the average is 120 words per paragraph, then for 25 paragraphs, there will be a total of 25*120=3000 words. So any total less than 3000 words will give an average less than 120.

(1) Each paragraph of the preface has more than 100 words. The total number of words may or may not exceed 3000. Insufficient

(2) Each paragraph of the preface has fewer than 150 words. The total number of words cannot exceed 2750 so average is less than 120. SUFFICIENT

A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2015, 23:00

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Question. I tried 2 ways. First way worked, second way didn't. Could someone have a look and let me know where I went wrong with the 2nd method?

FIRST WAY (CORRECT):

Background info: Y/N question 23 paragraphs, 2,600 words Added 2 preface paragraphs. Let x be total of new words added. Thus question is: (2,600+x)/25<120? OR, simply, is x<400?

Stem (1): Each preface paragraph has 100+ words. If each preface paragraph has 101 words then x= 2*(101) = 202 words. This would make x<400 Alternatively if each preface paragraph has 250 words then x=2*(202) = 404 words. This would mean x>400. Stem 1 is Insufficient.

Stem (2) Each preface paragraph has less than 150 words. This means x is AT MOST 2*(149) = 298 words. I.e. x MUST BE <400. Stem 1 is Sufficient.

FINAL ANSWER: B

WAY TWO (INCORRECT)

I worked out the average word count for the current 23 paragraphs: 2,600/23= approx 113 words I then thought, if the new average (inclusive of 2 preface paragraphs) is 120 then the difference b/w the 2 averages is 7 words. The total number of words added due to preface paragraphs would then = 7*25 = 175 words The answer stem has to tell me if the 2 new paragraphs has less or more than 175 words.

Stem (1): Each preface paragraph has 100+ words. Total must be more than 175 words. Sufficient Stem (2): Each preface paragraph has less than 150 words. So could be 100 words, 200 words, 298 words. NOT sufficient

Re: A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2015, 16:38

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Hi ColdSushi,

There's nothing wrong with the second approach that you took (although the "rounding" that did could be a problem in certain questions that require specifics/accuracy).

The "7 word difference" you calculated IS correct, but you also have to account for the 120 words that would need to appear in EACH of the 2 preface paragraphs. Your calculation didn't do that.

Using your approximation, your calculation should have been (7)(25) + 2(120) = 415 words

Using this value, you would have gotten the correct answer.

Re: A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2015, 18:56

EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:

Hi ColdSushi,

There's nothing wrong with the second approach that you took (although the "rounding" that did could be a problem in certain questions that require specifics/accuracy).

The "7 word difference" you calculated IS correct, but you also have to account for the 120 words that would need to appear in EACH of the 2 preface paragraphs. Your calculation didn't do that.

Using your approximation, your calculation should have been (7)(25) + 2(120) = 415 words

Using this value, you would have gotten the correct answer.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich

Thanks very much Rich. Appreciate your help and it makes sense now!

Re: A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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20 May 2016, 08:45

ColdSushi wrote:

EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:

Hi ColdSushi,

There's nothing wrong with the second approach that you took (although the "rounding" that did could be a problem in certain questions that require specifics/accuracy).

The "7 word difference" you calculated IS correct, but you also have to account for the 120 words that would need to appear in EACH of the 2 preface paragraphs. Your calculation didn't do that.

Using your approximation, your calculation should have been (7)(25) + 2(120) = 415 words

Using this value, you would have gotten the correct answer.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich

Thanks very much Rich. Appreciate your help and it makes sense now!

Hey, I too did the same way as you did in the second method . however I still didnt get the point - "account for the 120 words that would need to appear in EACH of the 2 preface paragraphs." what I thought was : consider avg to be 120 , so difference in avg is 7 , that means 7 words per para is extra . to find out what extra was divided equally -->> 7*25= 175 extra words was divided equally among 25 to increase the avg to 120. this 125 extra words came from 2 paras combined so each para approx 87.5 words so basically q is asking does each para less than 87.5 words?

OMG! while typing this and reviewing it, I found out what was wrong in my analysis, I will still continue to write since it will help those who thought this same thing as mentioned before.. 125 words are EXTRA words...again " EXTRA" words.. that means those 2 paras to fit into the avg of 113 it should first satisfy its requirement i.e. 120 words/para so 2 paras have 120*2 words and then extra 25*7 to increase the avg to 120 therefore those 2 paras have -->> 2*120+25*7 = 415 words ... that means 207.5 each para tht means Q is asking " if each para < 207.5 then avg is <120 " I hope this is correct. thanks _________________

Re: A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr [#permalink]

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20 May 2016, 09:31

Walkabout wrote:

A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragraphs. A 2-paragraph preface is then added to the report. Is the average (arithmetic mean) number of words per paragraph for all 25 paragraphs less than 120 ?

(1) Each paragraph of the preface has more than 100 words. (2) Each paragraph of the preface has fewer than 150 words.

Information Given:- 1) 2 paragraphs are added to existing 23 paragraphs, making total paragraphs to be 25 2) Number of words in existing 23 paragraphs= 2600

Question asked:- Average number of words <120

Inference:- Total number of words <120*25 T<3000

Initially words were 2600, so if newly added words are less then 400 then we can answer the question.

(1) Each paragraph of the preface has more than 100 words. If the words added are 101 with each paragraph then 'yes'. But if 300 words are added with each paragraph then 'No'

(2) Each paragraph of the preface has fewer than 150 words. Basically, this statement tells that fewer than 300 words are added. And this was the information we were looking for

Answer is B _________________

I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+

gmatclubot

Re: A report consisting of 2,600 words is divided into 23 paragr
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20 May 2016, 09:31

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