And vs Parallelism : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# And vs Parallelism

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And vs Parallelism [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2012, 01:03
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I have a question on And vs Parallelism

The word AND creates a compound sentence, hence we require a plural verb with And.

Now my question is whether the following sentences are correct or not

The VOIP numbers are configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

The VOIP number is configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

Another doubt : When we use AND as a parallel marker , then all the sentences using AND will have plural verbs only or there can be a sentence using AND as a parallel marker which has a singular verb
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Re: And vs Parallelism [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2012, 22:31
kumvinod wrote:
I have a question on And vs Parallelism

The word AND creates a compound sentence, hence we require a plural verb with And.

Now my question is whether the following sentences are correct or not

The VOIP numbers are configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

The VOIP number is configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

First, remember that the main verb in a sentence is linked to the subject and not the object.

The VOIP numbers are configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod
Subject: The VOIP numbers (plural)
Verb: are (plural)
Object(s): Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

Here the verb is determined by the plural subject.

The VOIP number is configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod
Subject: The VOIP number (singular)
Verb: is (singular)
Object(s): Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

Same logic here.

kumvinod wrote:
Another doubt : When we use AND as a parallel marker , then all the sentences using AND will have plural verbs only or there can be a sentence using AND as a parallel marker which has a singular verb

I'm not sure about the general rule here but once again, I would look for the subject in the sentence to determine the nature of the verb.

eg. Bunuel is making both chicken tikka and ravioli. (singular verb for singular subject and objects are plural)

eg. Both Bunuel and Daagh love baba ganoush. (plural verb for plural subject and object is singular)
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Re: And vs Parallelism [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2012, 06:08

I have a question on And vs Parallelism

The word AND creates a compound sentence, hence we require a plural verb with And.

Now my question is whether the following sentences are correct or not

The VOIP numbers are configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod correct

The VOIP number is configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod correct

Another doubt : When we use AND as a parallel marker , then all the sentences using AND will have plural verbs only or there can be a sentence using AND as a parallel marker which has a singular verb

Both can be possible.
eg:
1.I love to sing and dance.
2.Heidi writes very fast and sings very beautifully.

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Re: And vs Parallelism [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2012, 18:06
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Expert's post
kumvinod wrote:
I have a question on And vs Parallelism

The word AND creates a compound sentence, hence we require a plural verb with And.

Now my question is whether the following sentences are correct or not

The VOIP numbers are configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

The VOIP number is configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

Another doubt : When we use AND as a parallel marker , then all the sentences using AND will have plural verbs only or there can be a sentence using AND as a parallel marker which has a singular verb

As mentioned by the previous posts, you are confusing compound subjects with compound objects. The GMAT will test you on compound subjects, which are plural.

Examples:

Sanjiv, Ravi, and Vinod provide VOIP services. [Compound/plural subject with plural verb]
Sanjiv, with his friends, provides VOIP services. [Singular subject (not plural because 'with his friends' is a modifier) with singular verb]

Regarding your 2nd doubt, 'and' serves as a parallel marker to show when elements of a sentence need to be parallel (or similar). Those elements could be subject nouns (leading to a plural verb), but that is rarely the case. More often the 'and' is creating parallelism between verbs and objects. For example, 'He eats lunch and watches YouTube during his break'. The 'and' creates parallelism between 'eats lunch' and 'watches YouTube'. Those elements are both singular because they refer back to the subject 'he'. The GMAT would test you by altering the structure of those elements: 'He eats lunch and is watching YouTube during his break'. This would not be parallel because the first verb is simple present, 'eats', and the second verb is present progressive, 'is watching'. The tense shift is not parallel.

KW
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Re: And vs Parallelism [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2012, 00:41
KyleWiddison wrote:
kumvinod wrote:
I have a question on And vs Parallelism

The word AND creates a compound sentence, hence we require a plural verb with And.

Now my question is whether the following sentences are correct or not

The VOIP numbers are configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

The VOIP number is configured for Sanjiv, Ravi , and Vinod

Another doubt : When we use AND as a parallel marker , then all the sentences using AND will have plural verbs only or there can be a sentence using AND as a parallel marker which has a singular verb

As mentioned by the previous posts, you are confusing compound subjects with compound objects. The GMAT will test you on compound subjects, which are plural.

Examples:

Sanjiv, Ravi, and Vinod provide VOIP services. [Compound/plural subject with plural verb]
Sanjiv, with his friends, provides VOIP services. [Singular subject (not plural because 'with his friends' is a modifier) with singular verb]

Regarding your 2nd doubt, 'and' serves as a parallel marker to show when elements of a sentence need to be parallel (or similar). Those elements could be subject nouns (leading to a plural verb), but that is rarely the case. More often the 'and' is creating parallelism between verbs and objects. For example, 'He eats lunch and watches YouTube during his break'. The 'and' creates parallelism between 'eats lunch' and 'watches YouTube'. Those elements are both singular because they refer back to the subject 'he'. The GMAT would test you by altering the structure of those elements: 'He eats lunch and is watching YouTube during his break'. This would not be parallel because the first verb is simple present, 'eats', and the second verb is present progressive, 'is watching'. The tense shift is not parallel.

KW

Thanks You cleared my doubt.

Here is another question

Maria enjoys swimming, hiking , jogging , and bicycling

( Singular Noun : Maria , Singular verb : enjoys )

I enjoy swimming , hiking , jogging , and bicycling

(Singular Pronoun : I, but plural verb : enjoy ) ?
Can you explain this ??
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Re: And vs Parallelism [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2012, 10:26
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Expert's post
I understand the potential for confusion there. The proper verb form for the first person (singular) subject 'I' is the same as that of plural subjects: I go to the store.... We/They go to the store. While that is confusing, you don't have to worry about it because GMAT does not use 'I' in any of the sentences. In general on the GMAT, you can consider conjugated verbs without an 's' as plural verbs - They walk to school - and verbs with an 's' as singular - He walks to school.

Focus on understanding proper agreement for the 3rd person subjects - He, she, they, etc - and you'll be just fine.

KW
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Re: And vs Parallelism   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2012, 10:26
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# And vs Parallelism

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