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If x is a positive number

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If x is a positive number [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2012, 05:24
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If x is a positive number, is x an even integer?

(1) 3x is an even integer.

(2) 5x is an even integer.
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Re: If x is a positive number [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2012, 05:42
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If x is a positive number, is x an even integer?

Notice that we are not told that x is an integer.

(1) 3x is an even integer. x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/3), so this statement is NOT sufficient.

(2) 5x is an even integer. The same here, x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/5). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) We have that 3x=even and 5x=even. Subtract one from another: 5x-3x=even-even --> 2x=even --> x=even/2=integer. Now, x=integer and 3x=even (from 1) means that x must be an even integer. Sufficient.

Answer: C.
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Re: If x is a positive number [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2012, 08:13
syog wrote:
If x is a positive number, is x an even integer?

(1) 3x is an even integer.

(2) 5x is an even integer.


Neither (1) nor (2) alone is sufficient.

(1) and (2) together:

From (1) 3x=2k, where k is a positive integer.
From (2) 5x=2m, where m is some positive integer. Necessarily \frac{2k}{3}=\frac{2m}{5} from which 5k=3m.
k and m being integers, necessarily k must be a multiple of 3 (because 5 is not divisible by 3), so k=3a for some positive integer a.
It follows that x=\frac{2k}{3}=2a so x is even.

Sufficient.

Answer C
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Re: If x is a positive number [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2012, 03:53
Bunuel wrote:
If x is a positive number, is x an even integer?

Notice that we are not told that x is an integer.

(1) 3x is an even integer. x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/3), so this statement is NOT sufficient.

(2) 5x is an even integer. The same here, x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/5). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) We have that 3x=even and 5x=even. Subtract one from another: 5x-3x=even-even --> 2x=even --> x=even/2=integer. Now, x=integer and 3x=even (from 1) means that x must be an even integer. Sufficient.

Answer: C.


My answer to this question was D, both sufficient, however my assumption was that in GMAT number and integer are interchangible words, but as i see i was wrong. Bunuel could you please remind what word was interchangible with word integer?
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Re: If x is a positive number [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2012, 04:18
Expert's post
ziko wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
If x is a positive number, is x an even integer?

Notice that we are not told that x is an integer.

(1) 3x is an even integer. x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/3), so this statement is NOT sufficient.

(2) 5x is an even integer. The same here, x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/5). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) We have that 3x=even and 5x=even. Subtract one from another: 5x-3x=even-even --> 2x=even --> x=even/2=integer. Now, x=integer and 3x=even (from 1) means that x must be an even integer. Sufficient.

Answer: C.


My answer to this question was D, both sufficient, however my assumption was that in GMAT number and integer are interchangible words, but as i see i was wrong. Bunuel could you please remind what word was interchangible with word integer?


I think you refer to Natural Numbers, which are non-negative (or positive) integers but GMAT doesn't use words "Natural Number" in their questions.

So, there is no interchangeable word for "integer" on the GMAT.
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COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: If x is a positive number [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2012, 18:50
great job
great way to solve this problem..

i didnt reach the answer as you did

ds has been troubling me like anything
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Re: If x is a positive number [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2013, 07:23
Bunuel wrote:
ziko wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
If x is a positive number, is x an even integer?

Notice that we are not told that x is an integer.

(1) 3x is an even integer. x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/3), so this statement is NOT sufficient.

(2) 5x is an even integer. The same here, x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/5). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) We have that 3x=even and 5x=even. Subtract one from another: 5x-3x=even-even --> 2x=even --> x=even/2=integer. Now, x=integer and 3x=even (from 1) means that x must be an even integer. Sufficient.

Answer: C.


My answer to this question was D, both sufficient, however my assumption was that in GMAT number and integer are interchangible words, but as i see i was wrong. Bunuel could you please remind what word was interchangible with word integer?


I think you refer to Natural Numbers, which are non-negative (or positive) integers but GMAT doesn't use words "Natural Number" in their questions.

So, there is no interchangeable word for "integer" on the GMAT.



I am a little confused.
1) 3x is an even integer.
Let x=4/3; then 3x=4. But in this case x is not an even integer. Hence INSUFFICIENT.

2) 5x is an even integer.
Let x=4/5; then 5x=4. But in this case x is not an even integer. Hence INSUFFICIENT.

(1+2): 15x is an integer.
Let x=4/15; then 15x=4. But in this case x is not an even integer. Hence INSUFFICIENT.
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Re: If x is a positive number [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2013, 07:42
Expert's post
domfrancondumas wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
ziko wrote:
If x is a positive number, is x an even integer?

Notice that we are not told that x is an integer.

(1) 3x is an even integer. x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/3), so this statement is NOT sufficient.

(2) 5x is an even integer. The same here, x could be ANY even number or some fraction (for example 2/5). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) We have that 3x=even and 5x=even. Subtract one from another: 5x-3x=even-even --> 2x=even --> x=even/2=integer. Now, x=integer and 3x=even (from 1) means that x must be an even integer. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

My answer to this question was D, both sufficient, however my assumption was that in GMAT number and integer are interchangible words, but as i see i was wrong. Bunuel could you please remind what word was interchangible with word integer?


I think you refer to Natural Numbers, which are non-negative (or positive) integers but GMAT doesn't use words "Natural Number" in their questions.

So, there is no interchangeable word for "integer" on the GMAT.



I am a little confused.
1) 3x is an even integer.
Let x=4/3; then 3x=4. But in this case x is not an even integer. Hence INSUFFICIENT.

2) 5x is an even integer.
Let x=4/5; then 5x=4. But in this case x is not an even integer. Hence INSUFFICIENT.

(1+2): 15x is an integer.
Let x=4/15; then 15x=4. But in this case x is not an even integer. Hence INSUFFICIENT.


Notice that x cannot be 4/15, because in this case 3x=12/15 which is NO an even integer and 5x=20/15 which is also NOT an even integer, so in this case both statements are violated.
_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
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Re: If x is a positive number   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2013, 07:42
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