Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 350,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates [#permalink]
23 Feb 2012, 08:05

5

This post received KUDOS

7

This post was BOOKMARKED

00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (02:08) correct
43% (01:15) wrong based on 558 sessions

Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates. How many more hours does it take machine Y, working alone, to fill a production order of a certain size than it takes machine X, working alone?

(1) Machines X and Y, working together, fill a production order of this size in two-thirds the time that machine X, working alone, does. (2) Machine Y, working alone, fills a production order of this size in twice the time that machine X, working alone, does.

Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates. How many more hours does it take machine Y, working alone, to fill a production order of a certain size than it takes machine X, working alone?

Let x and y be the times needed for machines X and Y respectively working alone to fill a production order of this size.

Question: y-x=?

(1) Machines X and Y, working together, fill a production order of this size in 2/3 the time that machine X, working alone, does --> general relationship: \frac{1}{x}+\frac{1}{y}=\frac{1}{total \ time} --> Total time needed for machines X and Y working together is total \ time=\frac{xy}{x+y} (general formula) --> given \frac{xy}{x+y}=x*\frac{2}{3} --> 2x=y. Not sufficient

(2) Machine Y, working alone, fills a production order of this size in twice the time that machine X, working alone, does --> 2x=y, the same info. Not sufficient

Re: Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates [#permalink]
05 Mar 2012, 07:08

3

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

calvin1984 wrote:

Just a question regarding this problem. I choose E because I decided that there's no concrete value indicating the hours. The values they give from both statements indicate relative values. Is this a good approach or did I just get lucky?

No that's not correct. We have two exactly the same linear equations from both statements, that's why we can not solve for x and y. But if we had two distinct linear equations then we would be able to solve.

For example if either of statement were: the time needed for Machines X working alone to fill a production order of this size plus the time needed for Machines Y working alone to fill a production order of double the size is 10 hours --> x+2y=10.

So, for (1)+(2) we would have x+2y=10 and 2x=y --> x=2 and y=4 --> y-x=2.

Generally if you have n distinct linear equations and n variables then you can solve for them. "Distinct linear equations" means that no equation can be derived with the help of others or by arithmetic operation (multiplication, addition).

For example: x+y=2 and 3x+3y=6 --> we do have two linear equations and two variables but we cannot solve for x or y as the second equation is just the first one multiplied by 3 (basically we have only one distinct equation); OR x+y=1, y+z=2 and x+2y+z=3 --> we have 3 linear equations and 3 variables but we can not solve for x, y or z as the third equation can be derived with the help of first two if we sum them (basically we have only two distinct equation).

Re: Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates [#permalink]
05 Mar 2012, 05:35

1

This post received KUDOS

Just a question regarding this problem. I choose E because I decided that there's no concrete value indicating the hours. The values they give from both statements indicate relative values. Is this a good approach or did I just get lucky?

Re: Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates [#permalink]
07 Aug 2012, 03:59

1

This post received KUDOS

Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates. How many more hours does it take machine Y, working alone, to fill a production order of a certain size than it takes machine X, working alone?

Let x and y be the times needed for machines X and Y respectively working alone to fill a production order of this size.

Question: y-x=?

(1) Machines X and Y, working together, fill a production order of this size in 2/3 the time that machine X, working alone, does --> general relationship: \frac{1}{x}+\frac{1}{y}=\frac{1}{total \ time} --> Total time needed for machines X and Y working together is total \ time=\frac{xy}{x+y} (general formula) --> given \frac{xy}{x+y}=x*\frac{2}{3} --> 2x=y. Not sufficient

(2) Machine Y, working alone, fills a production order of this size in twice the time that machine X, working alone, does --> 2x=y, the same info. Not sufficient

(1)+(2) Nothing new. Not Sufficient.

Answer: E.

Hope it helps.

Above is the solution posted by Bunnel- (sorry I always misspell your name)

When we solve statement 1 we really need to discard one solution x =0 (when you solve you get two solutions) Can we safely discard X =0 in rate. time questions since 0 time does not make sense; 0 time spent means machine did not work at all. Question says Machine x did work so X =0 is not a possible solution and that is why we can discard that solution keeping Y =2x

Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates. How many more hours does it take machine Y, working alone, to fill a production order of a certain size than it takes machine X, working alone?

Let x and y be the times needed for machines X and Y respectively working alone to fill a production order of this size.

Question: y-x=?

(1) Machines X and Y, working together, fill a production order of this size in 2/3 the time that machine X, working alone, does --> general relationship: \frac{1}{x}+\frac{1}{y}=\frac{1}{total \ time} --> Total time needed for machines X and Y working together is total \ time=\frac{xy}{x+y} (general formula) --> given \frac{xy}{x+y}=x*\frac{2}{3} --> 2x=y. Not sufficient

(2) Machine Y, working alone, fills a production order of this size in twice the time that machine X, working alone, does --> 2x=y, the same info. Not sufficient

Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates. How many more hours does it take machine Y, working alone, to fill a production order of a certain size than it takes machine X, working alone?

Let x and y be the times needed for machines X and Y respectively working alone to fill a production order of this size.

Question: y-x=?

(1) Machines X and Y, working together, fill a production order of this size in 2/3 the time that machine X, working alone, does --> general relationship: \frac{1}{x}+\frac{1}{y}=\frac{1}{total \ time} --> Total time needed for machines X and Y working together is total \ time=\frac{xy}{x+y} (general formula) --> given \frac{xy}{x+y}=x*\frac{2}{3} --> 2x=y. Not sufficient

(2) Machine Y, working alone, fills a production order of this size in twice the time that machine X, working alone, does --> 2x=y, the same info. Not sufficient

Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates. How many more hours does it take machine Y, working alone, to fill a production order of a certain size than it takes machine X, working alone?

Let x and y be the times needed for machines X and Y respectively working alone to fill a production order of this size.

Question: y-x=?

(1) Machines X and Y, working together, fill a production order of this size in 2/3 the time that machine X, working alone, does --> general relationship: \frac{1}{x}+\frac{1}{y}=\frac{1}{total \ time} --> Total time needed for machines X and Y working together is total \ time=\frac{xy}{x+y} (general formula) --> given \frac{xy}{x+y}=x*\frac{2}{3} --> 2x=y. Not sufficient

(2) Machine Y, working alone, fills a production order of this size in twice the time that machine X, working alone, does --> 2x=y, the same info. Not sufficient

Re: Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates [#permalink]
04 Oct 2014, 09:58

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________

I´ve done an interview at Accepted.com quite a while ago and if any of you are interested, here is the link . I´m through my preparation of my second...

It’s here. Internship season. The key is on searching and applying for the jobs that you feel confident working on, not doing something out of pressure. Rotman has...