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# Meaning/Clarity 5.Around three centuries ago, the prevailing

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Meaning/Clarity 5.Around three centuries ago, the prevailing [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 05:26
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1) Around three centuries ago, the prevailing attitude in most parts of the world
was that schools must teach nothing that would belittle the authority of kings or
discredit established beliefs

(A) must teach nothing that would
(B) must teach nothing that will
(C) were to teach nothing that will
(D) should not teach anything that would
(E) must hardly teach nothing that would

2 During a conversation with Stacy’s parents, the teacher mentioned that Stacy
had shown considerable ability in literature and to learn foreign languages

(A) considerable ability in literature and to learn
(B) considerable ability in literature and that she could do it well in
(C) ability that was considerable in literature as well as in learning
(D) ability considerably in literature and in
(E) considerable ability in literature and in

3 Through his movies, the director reveals to us both the pain and the beauty of
his growing up years in the rural countryside.

(A) Through his movies, the director reveals to us both the pain and
(B) By means of the director’s movies, which reveal to us both the pain and
(C) Through his movies, the director both reveals to us the pain and
(D) The director reveals to us both through his movies, the pain and
(E) The director, through the medium of his movies, reveal to us both the pain
yet

4 Being that many Indian food recipes require you to cook and not be interrupted,

(A) Being that many Indian food recipes require you to cook and not be
interrupted,
(B) Because many Indian food recipes require for one to cook without
interruption,
(C) Because many Indian food recipes require that one cook without interruption,
(D) Many Indian food recipes require that one cook without interruption and
(E) Many Indian food recipes require that one should cook without interruption;

5 A mixture of reggae and jazz, the music of the artist was more innovative than
most of his contemporaries were

(A) the music of the artist was more innovative than most of his contemporaries
were
(B) the artist was more innovative in his music than most of his contemporaries
(C) the artist’s music was more innovative than that of most of his
contemporaries
(D) the music of the artist being more innovative in comparison to the music of
most of his contemporaries
(E) the artist, in his music, was more innovative than most of his contemporaries
were

6 On June 11, 1993, Steven Spielberg released his film Jurassic Park, this was the
inauguration of both a new style of film-making and the audience’s fascination
with dinosaurs

(A) Jurassic Park, this was the inauguration of both a new style of film-making
and the audience’s fascination with dinosaurs
(B) Jurassic Park, thus marking the inauguration of both a new style of film-
making and the audience’s fascination with dinosaurs
(C) Jurassic Park, both inaugurated a new style of film-making and the audience’s
fascination from dinosaurs
(D) Jurassic Park, and this was the inauguration of both a new style of film-
making and of the audience’s fascination with dinosaurs
(E) Jurassic Park, whose inauguration of both a new style of film-making and the
audience’s fascination with dinosaurs

7 Indicating their desire to rid the country of corruption, citizens elected the leader
of the ‘Banish Corruption’ party as President
in 1992.

(A) citizens elected the leader of the ‘Banish Corruption’ party as President
(B) the leader of the ‘Banish Corruption’ party was elected as President by the
citizens
(C) the ‘Banish Corruption’ party’s leader was elected President by the citizens
(D) citizens elected the President for the leader of the ‘Banish Corruption’ party
(E) the leader of the ‘Banish Corruption’ party was elected, by the citizens, as
President

8 Academicians tend to praise research that agrees with their own beliefs, and it is
rare for kindness to be shown
to contrary theories

(A) beliefs, and it is rare for kindness to be shown
(B) beliefs, with a rare kindness shown
(C) beliefs, and rarely show kindness
(D) beliefs, they are rarely kind
(E) beliefs, but they show rare kindness

9 Patrick Woodroffe is a poet and painter that is able to make a living at it

(A) Patrick Woodroffe is a poet and painter that is able to make a living at it
(B) Patrick Woodroffe is able to make a living as a poet and painter
(C) A poet and painter, Patrick Woodroffe is able to make a living at it
(D) Patrick Woodroffe makes a living as a poet and a painter
(E) By writing poetry and painting is how Patrick Woodroffe makes a living

10 Because lack of education is the root cause of many other social ills is the reason
why
most planners attack illiteracy first

(A) Because lack of education is the root cause of many other social ills is the
reason why
(B) Lack of education is the root cause of many other social ills and is the reason
why
(C) Because lack of education is the root cause of many other social ills,
(D) As a result of lack of education being the root cause of many other social ills
(E) Because lack of education is the root cause of many illnesses in the society,

OAs

A E A C C B A C D C
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 05:49
1
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My takes are:
1D 2E 3A 4C 5C 6B 7A 8C 9E 10C.
Let us know the OAs.
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 18:11
1
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dentobizz wrote:
hi carcass, will look forward to the fifth meaning set.
Could u pls give the OE for 6th question,I was stuck b/w two options here and its the one I got wrong

Posted from my mobile device

Concepts Tested – Run-on, Parallelism, Verb
The sentence as given is a run-on sentence because it uses a comma to connect
two independent clauses. B is the best answer as it gets the placement of ‘both’
right and also uses the parallel structure correctly.

C - The placement of ‘both’ is incorrect. The original sentence implies that the
release of Jurassic Park led to the inauguration of two things; hence ‘both’ should
come after ‘inauguration’

D - The use of ‘and’ is not appropriate since it fails to show the causal
relationship implicit in the sentence. Also the preposition ‘of’ does not have to be
repeated in the phrase ‘of the audience’s fascination with dinosaurs’ because ‘of’
is coming before ‘both, which implies that it applies to both the things that come
after ‘both’.

E - This sentence is missing a main verb
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Re: 1) Around three centuries ago, the prevailing attitude in [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2013, 22:09
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8 Academicians tend to praise research that agrees with their own beliefs, and it is
rare for kindness to be shown
to contrary theories

(A) beliefs, and it is rare for kindness to be shown
(B) beliefs, with a rare kindness shown
(C) beliefs, and rarely show kindness
(D) beliefs, they are rarely kind
(E) beliefs, but they show rare kindness

How can option C be a correct option? It's completely distorting the intended meaning. According to option C, academicians are showing rare kindness, but in fact, the intended meaning is that "research" ,itself, has to show rare kindness. One can ask that how can research shows kindness(being the property of alive matters) or be a doer. If "research" can "agree" upon something then it can also show "kindness".
And in case if it belongs to academician then what is the use of comma just before "and", as there are only two actions (praise research and show kindness).
Correct me, If I am wrong !!
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 06:05
Marcab wrote:
My takes are:
1D 2E 3A 4C 5C 6B 7A 8C 9E 10C.
Let us know the OAs.

Calm down

let other users to make a response, to open a debate

Any way first and ninth picked wrong
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 08:19
Carcass:
I would like to edit my two answers. I neglected the meaning issue in 1 and 2.
1A 2A 3A 4C 5C 6B 7A 8C 9E 10C
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 08:43
Marcab wrote:
Carcass:
I would like to edit my two answers. I neglected the meaning issue in 1 and 2.
1A 2A 3A 4C 5C 6B 7A 8C 9E 10C

LOL

but during the exam you can't say . ehhhhh wait a moment

Again LOL
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 09:11
Thats why I am here to practice and to not repeat these mistakes.
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 09:56
1.D 2.E 3.A 4.C 5.C 6.B 7.A 8.E 9.B 10.C

Plz post OA's
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:09
my take
1-a
2-e
3-a
4-c
5-c
6-a
7-a
8-c
9-d
10-c

Hi Carcass, can you pls combine all 4 sets in a document
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:31
My take :
1.A
2.e
3.a
4.a
5.c
6.b
7.a
8.c
9.e
10.C
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:41

Also OE for the first and the ninth question

Concepts Tested – Meaning, Tense
A last-word split comes in handy in this question. Since the sentence talks about
a past event, we need to go with ‘would’ and not ‘will’. Hence B and C go out.

E uses a double negative by using ‘hardly’ and ‘nothing’ in the same sentence

Both A and D get the grammar correct but D distorts the meaning by using
‘should’ to imply ‘suggestion’ whereas the original sentence uses ‘must’ to imply
‘compulsion’. Hence A is the best answer.

Concepts Tested – Redundancy, Meaning,
The use of ‘because’ and ‘is the reason’ in the same sentence is redundant, so
eliminate A. C gets this right and is the best answer.

B - This sentence makes it appear as though ‘lack of education’ is the reason why
planners attack illiteracy first, whereas it is the entire first clause that is the
reason and just the lack of education

D - Awkward and wordy construction because of the usage of ‘being’.

E - Distorts the meaning by changing ‘social ills’ into ‘illnesses in society’

I f someone else wants another OE to clarify, here we are.

Thanks
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:41
dentobizz wrote:
my take
1-a
2-e
3-a
4-c
5-c
6-a
7-a
8-c
9-d
10-c

Hi Carcass, can you pls combine all 4 sets in a document

next time for the last one
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:45
How can E be the answer in 2?
It literally distorts the meaning.
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:48
Marcab wrote:
How can E be the answer in 2?
It literally distorts the meaning.

Concepts Tested – Parallelism, Wordiness, Meaning
The use of ‘and’ should tell you to check for parallelism. Stacy had shown
improvement in literature and in something else. Thus A goes out because it uses
the infinitive ‘to learn’ after the ‘and’.

B - breaks the parallelism by repeating the subject ‘she’ after the comma

C - the phrase ‘ability that was considerable’ is awkward and unnecessarily wordy

D - Distorts the meaning by changing the adjective ‘considerable’ into the adverb
‘considerably’

E – Gets the parallelism right by repeating the ‘in’ before ‘foreign languages’, and
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:50
Quote:
During a conversation with Stacy’s parents, the teacher mentioned that Stacy
had shown considerable ability in literature and to learn foreign languages

(A) considerable ability in literature and to learn
(B) considerable ability in literature and that she could do it well in
(C) ability that was considerable in literature as well as in learning
(D) ability considerably in literature and in
(E) considerable ability in literature and in

A-ability in literature and to learn foreign languages. Two prepositional phrases are in parallel-logically and grammatically.
Intended meaning is quite clear. Stacy shows considerable abilility in literature. She also shows considerable ability to learn foreign languages.

E changes that.
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:51
But can't the two prepositional phrases be parallel? Yes they can and they do appear in such forms.
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:51
carcass,
Just a typo error in ur post , U have mentioned OE for 1st and 9th question ,but it should be 1st and 10th question
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:52
Marcab wrote:
Quote:
During a conversation with Stacy’s parents, the teacher mentioned that Stacy
had shown considerable ability in literature and to learn foreign languages

(A) considerable ability in literature and to learn
(B) considerable ability in literature and that she could do it well in
(C) ability that was considerable in literature as well as in learning
(D) ability considerably in literature and in
(E) considerable ability in literature and in

A-ability in literature and to learn foreign languages. Two prepositional phrases are in parallel-logically and grammatically.
Intended meaning is quite clear. Stacy shows considerable abilility in literature. She also shows considerable ability to learn foreign languages.

E changes that.

Sorry marcab here what was your response A ?' or E ?? let'me understand
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 10:54
"to phrases" also intruduce prepositional phrases.
My response was A.
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Re: Set on Meaning part 4   [#permalink] 05 Jan 2013, 10:54

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