When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York

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When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2006, 11:53
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When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal was used, it took less than eight days and cost less than $6.

A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal was used, it

B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it

C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move

D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal

E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the move .
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2006, 14:20
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90, but when the canal was used, it took eight days and cost $4.

A) same

B) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks, costing $90; using the canal, it

C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost $90; on the canal, the move

D) Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, to move a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost $90; using it, the move

E) To move a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost $90 from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825; on the canal, it




D it is.

The bold portion should make it pretty clear why?. See the difference?.
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2006, 14:40
I agree. read it too quickly.. assumed "of" is there..
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2006, 08:24
C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost $90; on the canal, the move [Correct, but do we require 'movement' instead of 'move']

Don't you think that in C "of" is missing before the opening ..the Erie Canal.
Is is correct?
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2006, 08:45
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I re-read the whole sentence again. Did proper analysis and here is what I found out. Critisisms of this analysis are welcome ( we all can learn by relevantly critisizing each other). The "of" is missed accidently and that is not being tested here.
My style is top-down approach for these long sentences. Start from clauses and phrases. I have clauses(independent/dependent) as bold, phrases(all kinds as italics).If everything is right with clauses,phrases(placement and sense), I go after sub-verb,pronoun agreement etc.

Option A:
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90, but when the canal was used, it took eight days and cost $4.

This choice can be broken down like this:

b]When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City [/b]before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90,

AND

but when the canal was used, it took eight days and cost $4.

These are two "independent" ideas in one sentence. The second one is correct in structure. "it" clearly refers to "ton".The first one has one problem. The phrase before the opening ... modifies what?. New York City or "it" after it?. There is a "comma" missing. The first independent idea would have made sense with an extra comma:

b]When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City [/b],before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90, ---> Now it makes sense, and so does the whole sentence.
A IS THUS GRAMATICALLY WRONG.


Now Choice B:
B) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks, costing $90; using the canal, it (rest of the sentence here)

The independent clause is underlined, its broken to confuse us.Italics are all modifiers. If we remove phrases the clause would be:
Moving a ton of wheat it took three weeks --> it is redundant, our first problems. There are then problems with modifier placements.
,costing $90; ---semicolon indicates end of clause, so costing 90 is part of previous clause not the one following. If that is true costing 90 is modifying weeks not "it".
No need to go furthur in rest of the sentence.
B IS WRONG

Now lets see C:
C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost $90; on the canal, the move

The independent clause(underlined portion with bold) will make perfect sence without the portion in italics.
Moving a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost $90. A perfect sentence, or an independent clause.The italics modify as follows:
(Moving a ton of wheat)-modifies by-(from Buffalo to New York City )
((Moving a ton of wheat)--(from Buffalo to New York City ))--modified by --before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825
Perfect, no problems.
C IS RIGHT:
**I am not going furthur, but you can continue the same analysis and see that D and E are wrong.

D) Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, to move a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost $90; using it, the move

E) To move a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost $90 from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825; on the canal, it
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2006, 03:39
:done

OA is ^ C ^

Firstly this question confused me because, we use "take" with "to infinitive" such as:

It took me three weeks to repair this radio.

In A we have an unnecessary "it". In others, "it" is used ambigiously. However, in this question, C is the best grammatically.
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2006, 04:36
Only choice (C) unambiguously uses the semicolon correctly (both phrases can stand alone) -What cost $4, the move or the canal??

@Bewakoof: always trust your own gut instinct.
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When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2008, 19:14
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal
was used, it
took less than eight days and cost less than $6.
A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when
the canal was used, it
B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it
C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo
to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move
D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks
from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal
E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks
before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the
move
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2008, 19:30
goalsnr wrote:
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal
was used, it
took less than eight days and cost less than $6.
A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when
the canal was used, it
B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it
C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo
to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move
D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks
from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal
E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks
before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the
move


A - out, past continuous is not correct.
C - the first part is good, I believe the part after the semicolon cannot stand on its own.
D - placement of "which", seems the cost of NYC is a 100 bucks
E- out - the canal did not cost a 100 bucks..

Will go with B
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2008, 16:30
Sorry guys ...try again :)
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2008, 02:31
goalsnr wrote:
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal
was used, it
took less than eight days and cost less than $6.
A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when
the canal was used, it
B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it
C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo
to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move
D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks
from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal
E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks
before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the
move


I'll have to go with C here. Clear and concise. The use of the semi colon introduces a new clause.
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2008, 03:59
I do like A. IMO it'clear and concise. Using the passive voice is not redundant and just puts more attention to actions. the pattern when... it took .... but when ... it took.... Nice and speakable IMHO 8-)
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2008, 05:12
goalsnr wrote:
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal
was used, it
took less than eight days and cost less than $6.
A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when
the canal was used, it
B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it
C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo
to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move
D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks
from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal
E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks
before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the
move


A- No clear reference to "it"
B- After semicolon there is no independent clause
C- I think Correct answer (Independant clause after semicolon)
D- Which cost 100$, shows wrong reference to New york city
E- unnecessary participle and ing forms are used.
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2008, 06:47
goalsnr wrote:
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal
was used, it
took less than eight days and cost less than $6.
A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when
the canal was used, it[too wordy]
B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it
C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo
to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move awkard construction
D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks
from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal
E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks
before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the
move


Hence B it is for me... please correct me if my explanation is wrong
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2008, 09:37
I am going with C.

A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when
the canal was used, it
Being..
B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it
it looks using the canal before the opening of the Erie canal..
C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo
to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move
Correct..
D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks
from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal
wordy..and which has no clear referant.. it looks like new york city cost $100
E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks
before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the
move
same problem like B..
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New post 20 Jun 2008, 12:11
IT must be A!!! :-D

A gives only clear grammar structure here!
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2008, 12:57
B, C and D have semicolon. The following clause should be independent however in all these options the clauses are dependent.
E is using wrong tense.
IMO A.
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2008, 06:09
Sunny143 wrote:
goalsnr wrote:
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal
was used, it
took less than eight days and cost less than $6.
A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the
opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when
the canal was used, it
B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it
C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo
to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move
D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks
from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal
E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks
before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the
move


A - out, past continuous is not correct.
C - the first part is good, I believe the part after the semicolon cannot stand on its own.
D - placement of "which", seems the cost of NYC is a 100 bucks
E- out - the canal did not cost a 100 bucks..

Will go with B



Sunny, in B "it" does not have a clear referrant.
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2008, 06:17
The OA is C.

Here is my attempt to explain.
This is a song SC and the errors are not very obvious. On the exam day this is how I would approach:
1,.Scan thru the answer choice. Observe it is a 2:3 type - 3 have semicolons , 2 dont
so its between B,C,D
2. Now look for errors in B,C,D
D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks
from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal
-Eliminate D

B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it
- its not clear if it is pointing to wheat , Buffalo, NYC or canal.

C -> remains.

WHen in time crunch I use this method and most of the times my answers are correct.
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2013, 06:45
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The question posted was incorrect , find below the actual GMAT prep Q

When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City
before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it
took three weeks and cost
$100, but when the canal was used, it took less than eight days and cost
less than $6.
A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before
the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but
when the canal was used, it
B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it
C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from
Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the
move
D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three
weeks from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal
E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks
before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the
move .

Thanks
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2013, 06:45

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