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Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2012, 19:32

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Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream flavor is vanilla, although those who prefer chocolate rarely order vanilla. Vanilla-flavored candy, then, probably sells better than chocolate-flavored candy. Which of the following is an assumption upon which the author of the argument relies? A) Because someone prefers vanilla ice cream does not mean he prefers vanilla-flavored candy. b) Children who prefer vanilla ice cream also tend to like chocolate candy. c) Those who prefer neither vanilla nor chocolate ice cream also prefer other flavors of candy. d) Someone who prefers vanilla ice cream may still order chocolate on occasion. e) Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavors.

Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream flavor is vanilla, although those who prefer chocolate rarely order vanilla. Vanilla-flavored candy, then, probably sells better than chocolate-flavored candy.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the author of the argument relies?

(A)Because someone prefers vanilla ice cream does not mean he prefers vanilla-flavored candy. (B)Children who prefer vanilla ice cream also tend to like chocolate candy. (C)Those who prefer neither vanilla nor chocolate ice cream also prefer other flavors of candy. (D)Someone who prefers vanilla ice cream may still order chocolate on occasion. (E)Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavor

Most of the times i stuck in assumption questions.......need explanation

Hi mun23,

If you are often stuck in assumption questions then you may also face problems in strengthening/ weakening questions. You should master the assumption questions before entering the test room as majority of CR questions are assumption based. Assumption is an unstated premise that must be true in order for our conclusion to be true.

A simple argument:Mark has secured 70% marks in maths, so she must be intelligent.

One assumption could be that "Mark did not use any unfair means such as cheating during the exams" --> This has to be true for the conclusion to be true. If we negate this assumption the conclusion will fall apart i.e. If Mark cheated to get 70% marks then he may not necessarily be intelligent. another possible assumption could be " The teachers checking the answer books had no bias for Mark".

Most often an incorrect answer choice mentions a premise. An assumption is not stated in the

The above question compares best selling ice cream with best selling candy. A possible assumption that comes to mind is that people have same preferences of flavor in ice creams as they have in candies

(A)Because someone prefers vanilla ice cream does not mean he prefers vanilla-flavored candy. This choice is weakening our conclusion. In fact the opposite of this answer choice could be a possible assumption for the argument.

(B)Children who prefer vanilla ice cream also tend to like chocolate candy.

The stimulus is concerned about the sale of ice creams and candies, liking one over another is irrelevant; moreover, argument makes a general statement but (B) takes into account only the children.

(C)Those who prefer neither vanilla nor chocolate ice cream also prefer other flavors of candy.

We are only concerned about the two flavors, other flavors are out of the scope of the stimulus.

(D)Someone who prefers vanilla ice cream may still order chocolate on occasion.

Stimulus does not discuss occasional preferences, but makes a general conclusion. thus incorrect

(E)Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavor

This is the correct answer, it addresses the missing link in the argument. This makes our comparison a legitimate one, and has to be true for the conclusion to be true. If preferences are similar the the vanilla flavored candy can probably sell better than the chocolate candy

Re: Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2013, 20:33

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GetThisDone wrote:

Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream flavor is vanilla, although those who prefer chocolate rarely order vanilla. Vanilla-flavored candy, then, probably sells better than chocolate-flavored candy. Which of the following is an assumption upon which the author of the argument relies? A) Because someone prefers vanilla ice cream does not mean he prefers vanilla-flavored candy. b) Children who prefer vanilla ice cream also tend to like chocolate candy. c) Those who prefer neither vanilla nor chocolate ice cream also prefer other flavors of candy. d) Someone who prefers vanilla ice cream may still order chocolate on occasion. e) Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavors.

Premise: Best selling is vanilla,although who prefer chocolates rarely order vanilla. Conclusion: Vanilla candy > Chocolate candy GAP: How sale of candy depends on sale of ice creams Connect: (E).
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Re: Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2013, 08:08

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GetThisDone wrote:

Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream flavor is vanilla, although those who prefer chocolate rarely order vanilla. Vanilla-flavored candy, then, probably sells better than chocolate-flavored candy. Which of the following is an assumption upon which the author of the argument relies? A) Because someone prefers vanilla ice cream does not mean he prefers vanilla-flavored candy. b) Children who prefer vanilla ice cream also tend to like chocolate candy. c) Those who prefer neither vanilla nor chocolate ice cream also prefer other flavors of candy. d) Someone who prefers vanilla ice cream may still order chocolate on occasion. e) Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavors.

We can already prethink the assumption here. He is assuming that vanilay Ice cream preference=Vanila Candy

E gives the answer
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Re: Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2012, 00:05

A very good assumption question. I chose : e) Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavors.
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Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2013, 06:09

Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream flavor is vanilla, although those who prefer chocolate rarely order vanilla. Vanilla-flavored candy, then, probably sells better than chocolate-flavored candy.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the author of the argument relies? (A)Because someone prefers vanilla ice cream does not mean he prefers vanilla-flavored candy. (B)Children who prefer vanilla ice cream also tend to like chocolate candy. (C)Those who prefer neither vanilla nor chocolate ice cream also prefer other flavors of candy. (D)Someone who prefers vanilla ice cream may still order chocolate on occasion. (E)Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavor

Most of the times i stuck in assumption questions.......need explanation

Re: Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2013, 08:42

The stimulus says that vanilla being the most popular ice-cream flavor should translate into greater sales for vanilla candy too. This clearly shows the author is assuming that a preference for ice-cream will also translate directly into a preference for ice-cream. Lets look at the choices to confirm.

[A]: If this is true, then sales of vanilla candy cannot be high. This is not an assumption that the author makes. Incorrect. [B]: If children who prefer vanilla ice cream like chocolate candy, then chocolate candy should sell more than vanilla candy, which is not what the author is concluding. Incorrect. [C]: This does not help us reach any conclusion with respect to vanilla candy sales. Incorrect. [D]: We are trying to relate ice-cream sales to candy sales but this option offers us no link between the two. This is not an assumption that the author makes. Incorrect. [E]: Correct. This is what we had paraphrased above. If preferences for ice-cream flavors also translate to candy, then vanilla candy should sell more.

Re: Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2013, 09:23

Vercules wrote:

mun23 wrote:

Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream flavor is vanilla, although those who prefer chocolate rarely order vanilla. Vanilla-flavored candy, then, probably sells better than chocolate-flavored candy.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the author of the argument relies?

(A)Because someone prefers vanilla ice cream does not mean he prefers vanilla-flavored candy. (B)Children who prefer vanilla ice cream also tend to like chocolate candy. (C)Those who prefer neither vanilla nor chocolate ice cream also prefer other flavors of candy. (D)Someone who prefers vanilla ice cream may still order chocolate on occasion. (E)Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavor

Most of the times i stuck in assumption questions.......need explanation

Hi mun23,

If you are often stuck in assumption questions then you may also face problems in strengthening/ weakening questions. You should master the assumption questions before entering the test room as majority of CR questions are assumption based. Assumption is an unstated premise that must be true in order for our conclusion to be true.

A simple argument:Mark has secured 70% marks in maths, so she must be intelligent.

One assumption could be that "Mark did not use any unfair means such as cheating during the exams" --> This has to be true for the conclusion to be true. If we negate this assumption the conclusion will fall apart i.e. If Mark cheated to get 70% marks then he may not necessarily be intelligent. another possible assumption could be " The teachers checking the answer books had no bias for Mark".

Most often an incorrect answer choice mentions a premise. An assumption is not stated in the

The above question compares best selling ice cream with best selling candy. A possible assumption that comes to mind is that people have same preferences of flavor in ice creams as they have in candies

(A)Because someone prefers vanilla ice cream does not mean he prefers vanilla-flavored candy. This choice is weakening our conclusion. In fact the opposite of this answer choice could be a possible assumption for the argument.

(B)Children who prefer vanilla ice cream also tend to like chocolate candy.

The stimulus is concerned about the sale of ice creams and candies, liking one over another is irrelevant; moreover, argument makes a general statement but (B) takes into account only the children.

(C)Those who prefer neither vanilla nor chocolate ice cream also prefer other flavors of candy.

We are only concerned about the two flavors, other flavors are out of the scope of the stimulus.

(D)Someone who prefers vanilla ice cream may still order chocolate on occasion.

Stimulus does not discuss occasional preferences, but makes a general conclusion. thus incorrect

(E)Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavor

This is the correct answer, it addresses the missing link in the argument. This makes our comparison a legitimate one, and has to be true for the conclusion to be true. If preferences are similar the the vanilla flavored candy can probably sell better than the chocolate candy

Hope this helps,

Vercules

Hi Vercules thanks.Now i have understand core concept of the question and your explanation clear my all problems around this CR.

Re: Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2013, 00:59

GetThisDone wrote:

Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream flavor is vanilla, although those who prefer chocolate rarely order vanilla. Vanilla-flavored candy, then, probably sells better than chocolate-flavored candy. Which of the following is an assumption upon which the author of the argument relies? A) Because someone prefers vanilla ice cream does not mean he prefers vanilla-flavored candy. b) Children who prefer vanilla ice cream also tend to like chocolate candy. c) Those who prefer neither vanilla nor chocolate ice cream also prefer other flavors of candy. d) Someone who prefers vanilla ice cream may still order chocolate on occasion. e) Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavors.

Premise; people who like vanilla ice cream will not like chocolate one. Conclusion: Vanilla-flavored candy, then, probably sells better than chocolate-flavored candy.

Assumption: Preferences for certain ice cream flavors are similar to preferences for candy flavors

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Surveys consistently show that the best-selling ice cream [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2016, 00:53

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