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The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The

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The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2012, 16:02
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Difficulty:

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Question Stats:

59% (03:16) correct 41% (01:46) wrong based on 119 sessions
Attachment:
Trapezoid ABCD.PNG
Trapezoid ABCD.PNG [ 4.37 KiB | Viewed 4281 times ]
The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The length of diagonal AD is 15 units. What is the area of trapezoid ABDC?

(A) 72
(B) 90
(C) 96
(D) 108
(E) 180
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Area of Trapezoid ABCD? [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2012, 16:06
Sorry guys - I should have said how I am trying to solve.

I draw the two perpendiculars from vertex A and B and called them E and F. So that I have a rectangle called ABEF. Now as we know its an isosceles trapezoid AC = BD and therefore angle C is equal to angle D. Height is 12 and diagonal is 15. Therefore, ED = 9. But, I am struggling to find CE and FD? Can someone please help?
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Re: Area of Trapezoid ABCD? [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2012, 16:22
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The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The length of diagonal AD is 15 units. What is the area of trapezoid ABDC?
(A) 72
(B) 90
(C) 96
(D) 108
(E) 180
Attachment:
Trapezoid-area.PNG
Trapezoid-area.PNG [ 5.88 KiB | Viewed 4380 times ]
ED^2+AE^2=AD^2 -->ED^2+12^2=15^2 --> ED=9. Now, as the trapezoid isosceles then CE=FD=x --> AB=9-x and CD=9+x.

Area of trapezoid are=a*\frac{b_1+b_2}{2}, where b1, b2 are the lengths of the two bases a is the altitude of the trapezoid. Hence, the are of trapezoid ABCD is area=AE*\frac{AB+CD}{2}=12*\frac{(9-x)+(9+x)}{2}=12*9=108.

Answer: D.
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Re: Area of Trapezoid ABCD? [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2012, 16:26
Bunuel - thanks. I think there is a typo in our explanation. Do you mean CE = FD = x?

Also, how come they will be equal? Even if this is an isosceles trapezoid then also AC = BD, or am I not getting it right.
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The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2012, 16:31
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enigma123 wrote:
Bunuel - thanks. I think there is a typo in our explanation. Do you mean CE = FD = x?

Also, how come they will be equal? Even if this is an isosceles trapezoid then also AC = BD, or am I not getting it right.


Image
Triangles CAE and DBF are congruent: AC=BD, AE=BF=altitude, <ACE=<BDF, <AEC=<BFD=90, ... --> CE = FD = x.
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Re: Area of Trapezoid ABCD? [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2012, 16:35
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Many thanks Bunuel. All makes sense now to me.
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Re: The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The [#permalink] New post 25 May 2013, 03:57
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Re: The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The [#permalink] New post 25 May 2013, 13:14
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enigma123 wrote:
The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The length of diagonal AD is 15 units. What is the area of trapezoid ABDC?

(A) 72
(B) 90
(C) 96
(D) 108
(E) 180


Another approach....Imagine this as the one attached below and then find the area of rectangle.
12*9 = 108

Attachment:
Symmetry.jpg
Symmetry.jpg [ 23.87 KiB | Viewed 2668 times ]

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Re: The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The [#permalink] New post 25 May 2013, 13:17
Expert's post
BangOn wrote:
enigma123 wrote:
Attachment:
Trapezoid ABCD.PNG
The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The length of diagonal AD is 15 units. What is the area of trapezoid ABDC?

(A) 72
(B) 90
(C) 96
(D) 108
(E) 180


Another approach....Imagine this as the one attached below and then find the area of rectangle.
12*9 = 108
Attachment:
Symmetry.jpg


https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-Ayqt ... mmetry.jpg


Attached the image.
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COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2014, 14:29
enigma123 wrote:
Attachment:
Trapezoid ABCD.PNG
The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The length of diagonal AD is 15 units. What is the area of trapezoid ABDC?

(A) 72
(B) 90
(C) 96
(D) 108
(E) 180


Tricky problem +1

It's going to be a bit hard to explain without an image but I'll give my best shot

Isosceles trapezoid is key

So the area is the average of the bases * height

Height is 12

So we have that the triangle with hypotenuse 15 and height 12 have a base of 9. Likewise the other triangle will have the same base of 9 since it is a mirror image given that trapezoid is isosceles

Now we don't know what the smaller base is but check this out:

Let's give X to the small base and y to the other two measurements that complete the larger base

So small base : x
Large base: 2y + x

Now, we also know that x + y = 9

So the average of both bases will be : 2x + 2y = 18 / 2 = 9

So area is 9 * 12 = 108

Answer is D

Hope it clarifies
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Re: The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2014, 06:59
Bunuel wrote:
enigma123 wrote:
Bunuel - thanks. I think there is a typo in our explanation. Do you mean CE = FD = x?

Also, how come they will be equal? Even if this is an isosceles trapezoid then also AC = BD, or am I not getting it right.


Triangles CAE and DBF are congruent: AC=BD, AE=BF=altitude, <ACE=<BDF, <AEC=<BFD=90, ... --> CE = FD = x.


can you please explain the colored part? how are these 2 angles equal
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Re: The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2014, 07:15
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saggii27 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
enigma123 wrote:
Bunuel - thanks. I think there is a typo in our explanation. Do you mean CE = FD = x?

Also, how come they will be equal? Even if this is an isosceles trapezoid then also AC = BD, or am I not getting it right.


Triangles CAE and DBF are congruent: AC=BD, AE=BF=altitude, <ACE=<BDF, <AEC=<BFD=90, ... --> CE = FD = x.


can you please explain the colored part? how are these 2 angles equal


Because triangles CAE and DBF are congruent, the angles there are also congruent.

Generally, in isosceles trapezoid the base angles have the same measure.
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COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2014, 06:39
Bunuel wrote:
The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The length of diagonal AD is 15 units. What is the area of trapezoid ABDC?
(A) 72
(B) 90
(C) 96
(D) 108
(E) 180
Attachment:
Trapezoid-area.PNG
ED^2+AE^2=AD^2 -->ED^2+12^2=15^2 --> ED=9. Now, as the trapezoid isosceles then CE=FD=x --> AB=9-x and CD=9+x.

Area of trapezoid are=a*\frac{b_1+b_2}{2}, where b1, b2 are the lengths of the two bases a is the altitude of the trapezoid. Hence, the are of trapezoid ABCD is area=AE*\frac{AB+CD}{2}=12*\frac{(9-x)+(9+x)}{2}=12*9=108.

Answer: D.


Hi Bunuel,

I have one confusion here.

We say Trapezoid is having one pair of sides parallel and it is known as base of trapezoid so they should have same angle as both are parallel. Now in case of isoceles triangle it is given that base angles are same. So what is difference here for base angles in Trapezoid and isoceles trapozoid.

doubt from question explanation by you
As we say we can cut a trapezoid in one rectangle and two right triangle. so if this is not isoceles trapezoid still CE= FD=x. as both triangle are similar.

Please clarify

Thanks.
The height of isosceles trapezoid ABDC is 12 units. The   [#permalink] 01 Aug 2014, 06:39
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