Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 24 May 2013, 07:23

The Peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a

Author Message
TAGS:
Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 115
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 4

The Peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a [#permalink]  04 Feb 2010, 20:34
00:00

Question Stats:

33% (02:15) correct 66% (01:04) wrong based on 0 sessions
The Peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a streambed,produce ripples in the air flowing over them;the resulting flow with crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,arepattern, known as "standing waves".

A. crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,are
B. crests and troughs that remain stationary although they are formed by rapidly moving air ,are
C. crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,is
D. stationary crests and troughs although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,are
E. stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air ,is

friends its a OG-11 SC question , i want to understand why the option (E) is "awkward and unclear".Thanks in advance.
Intern
Joined: 22 Jan 2010
Posts: 47
Schools: HBS (R2), Ross (R2)
WE 1: 3.5 yrs sales & project mgmt at financial services firm
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 3

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  05 Feb 2010, 06:49
E. stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air, is

This option omits the restrictive relative clause "that remain stationary". One of the requirements of a restrictive clause is that the sentence wouldn't make sense or mean the same thing without it. In this case, "although they are formed by rapidly moving air" is providing a counterpoint without having a main point to counter.

Maybe another example would illustrate this best:

Bananas that are yellow are tastiest although brown ones are good for baking. <--Correct
Bananas are tastiest although brown ones are good for baking. <--"Awkward and unclear" as OG-11 would put it
Intern
Joined: 22 Jan 2010
Posts: 47
Schools: HBS (R2), Ross (R2)
WE 1: 3.5 yrs sales & project mgmt at financial services firm
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 3

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  05 Feb 2010, 13:30
I actually think C is correct; I was only attempting to explain why E wasn't the best choice.
Intern
Joined: 25 Oct 2009
Posts: 8
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  28 Feb 2010, 12:26
Using the "split" principle, we can create 3-2 split between options A, B and C, and the remaining options. D and E are more concise (principle of concision) hence A, B and C are ruled out. "Standing waves" refer to the "pattern" which is the subject, hence the agreeing verb should be singular "is".
Intern
Joined: 24 Feb 2010
Posts: 9
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 12

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  02 Mar 2010, 09:21
sacmanitin wrote:
The Peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a streambed,produce ripples in the air flowing over them;the resulting flow with crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,arepattern, known as "standing waves".

A. crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,are
B. crests and troughs that remain stationary although they are formed by rapidly moving air ,are
C. crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,is
D. stationary crests and troughs although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,are
E. stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air ,is

friends its a OG-11 SC question , i want to understand why the option (E) is "awkward and unclear".Thanks in advance.

The resulting flow is the subject after the comma. Thus, eliminate everything except for C and E.

E is out because they do not refer to the air and distorts the original meaning of the sentence.

Thus, I think it's C, too.
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 May 2009
Posts: 317
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 13

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  02 Mar 2010, 11:56
Use of although is the key here. It should be contrasting two things which is clearly visible in C and not in E.

Take away -->

1) "although" needs to be used to contrast two parallel noun phrases or phrases. "X although Y" X and Y needs to be in parallel
2) One of the requirements of a restrictive clause is that the sentence wouldn't make sense or mean the same thing without it."That remains stationary"
Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 403
Followers: 18

Kudos [?]: 101 [0], given: 76

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  16 Mar 2010, 07:44
bizaru wrote:
The resulting flow is the subject after the comma. Thus, eliminate everything except for C and E.

E is out because they do not refer to the air and distorts the original meaning of the sentence.

Thus, I think it's C, too.

I also think the answer is C. It's a problem of subject-verb agreement, and flow being singular, the verb should be "is" and not "are". That's why only C and E are taking in consideration.
Manager
Joined: 18 Feb 2010
Posts: 174
Schools: ISB
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 0

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  19 Mar 2010, 01:17
sacmanitin wrote:
The Peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a streambed,produce ripples in the air flowing over them;the resulting flow with crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,arepattern, known as "standing waves".

A. crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,are
B. crests and troughs that remain stationary although they are formed by rapidly moving air ,are
C. crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,is
D. stationary crests and troughs although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,are
E. stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air ,is

friends its a OG-11 SC question , i want to understand why the option (E) is "awkward and unclear".Thanks in advance.

For the flow are is wrong. CHoice C and E are left. In E is seems that only crests are stationary not troughs. Answer is C
_________________

CONSIDER AWARDING KUDOS IF MY POST HELPS !!!

Manager
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 234
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 38

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  21 Mar 2010, 09:20
I pick C.

Same logic as the above.

What's the OA?
Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2010
Posts: 100
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 30

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  23 Mar 2010, 08:33
sacmanitin wrote:
The Peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a streambed,produce ripples in the air flowing over them;the resulting flow with crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,arepattern, known as "standing waves".

A. crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,are
B. crests and troughs that remain stationary although they are formed by rapidly moving air ,are
C. crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,is
D. stationary crests and troughs although the air that forms them is moving rapidly,are
E. stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air ,is

friends its a OG-11 SC question , i want to understand why the option (E) is "awkward and unclear".Thanks in advance.

E. stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air ,is

its unnecessary passive and it changes the meaning as well
_________________

If you like my post, consider giving me a kudos. THANKS!

SVP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1570
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 121 [0], given: 6

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  02 Jul 2010, 07:24
C for me.

option (E) is worng for few reasons:

stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air is

(1) 'stationary' applies to crests only which is incorrect
(2) the sentence is supposed to show contrast with the help of 'although'...something like this...."crests and troughs are [stationary] although the air that forms them is [rapidly moving]....option (E) is not showing this contrast and is changing the meaning.
Manager
Joined: 24 Dec 2009
Posts: 229
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 3

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  20 Jul 2010, 11:30
subject - flow - singular
verb needs to be singular -- hence eliminate answer choice with 'are' in it.

Left with C and E.

E is definitely awkward to read. Hence C should be correct answer choice.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 May 2010
Posts: 304
GMAT 1: 710 Q47 V40
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 7

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  01 Jun 2011, 12:23
This is simple. Flow is singular so the answer should have is. Down to C and E. E changes the meaning. So C it is.
_________________

If you like my post, consider giving me KUDOS!

Senior Manager
Status: mba here i come!
Joined: 07 Aug 2011
Posts: 271
Location: Pakistan
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 680 Q46 V37
GMAT 2: Q V
Followers: 13

Kudos [?]: 459 [0], given: 48

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  14 Aug 2011, 08:43
C is correct

the resulting flow ... is

E is passive and it is enough to strike it off.
_________________

press +1 Kudos to appreciate posts

SVP
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 1987
Location: India
Followers: 131

Kudos [?]: 667 [0], given: 170

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  14 Aug 2011, 10:10
I will not go beyond saying that C is more wholesome than E. I would not say. E is awkward or E lacks contrast. As long as the three elements are there namely, stationary on one side, rapidly moving on the other side and the contrast –marker 'although' in between, then I feel the contrast is established. The only faint reason why C was weighed in might have been because ‘the crests and troughs that remain’ is parallelly matched by ‘the air that forms’

How can we dispute an OG OA!
_________________

” I truly believe in online learning, I have been a student in both an Ivy League school (brick and mortar) and in an online setting and I have learned 1,000 times more in an online setting. You do not have anyone there lecturing you and then you do the work, online you are made to do it all yourself. Amazing how different the results are. - Heather(a student)”

Alicia Helle, an online student at the UW, "Obtaining my degree online has been a blessing. With two small children, I am able to work when it is convenient for my family and me. I have nothing but positive comments and experiences from my time at UW-Stout.”

Find out what's new at GMAT Club - latest features and updates

Status: How can I crack Verbal
Joined: 12 May 2011
Posts: 210
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 700 Q51 V32
GPA: 3
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 33

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  15 Aug 2011, 08:13
daagh wrote:
I will not go beyond saying that C is more wholesome than E. I would not say. E is awkward or E lacks contrast. As long as the three elements are there namely, stationary on one side, rapidly moving on the other side and the contrast –marker 'although' in between, then I feel the contrast is established. The only faint reason why C was weighed in might have been because ‘the crests and troughs that remain’ is parallelly matched by ‘the air that forms’

How can we dispute an OG OA!

Hi Daagh...as pointed out above by someone, does "stationary" refer to only 'crest' or both 'crest' and 'trough'?

Thanks,
LC
SVP
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 1987
Location: India
Followers: 131

Kudos [?]: 667 [0], given: 170

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  15 Aug 2011, 08:30
IMO: Why will it not refer to both crests and troughs? If I say, ‘this class comprises intelligent boys and girls, will it mean only boys? How else are we going to use compound objects?
_________________

” I truly believe in online learning, I have been a student in both an Ivy League school (brick and mortar) and in an online setting and I have learned 1,000 times more in an online setting. You do not have anyone there lecturing you and then you do the work, online you are made to do it all yourself. Amazing how different the results are. - Heather(a student)”

Alicia Helle, an online student at the UW, "Obtaining my degree online has been a blessing. With two small children, I am able to work when it is convenient for my family and me. I have nothing but positive comments and experiences from my time at UW-Stout.”

Find out what's new at GMAT Club - latest features and updates

Intern
Joined: 01 Aug 2011
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  15 Sep 2011, 14:13
LifeChanger wrote:
daagh wrote:
I will not go beyond saying that C is more wholesome than E. I would not say. E is awkward or E lacks contrast. As long as the three elements are there namely, stationary on one side, rapidly moving on the other side and the contrast –marker 'although' in between, then I feel the contrast is established. The only faint reason why C was weighed in might have been because ‘the crests and troughs that remain’ is parallelly matched by ‘the air that forms’

How can we dispute an OG OA!

Hi Daagh...as pointed out above by someone, does "stationary" refer to only 'crest' or both 'crest' and 'trough'?

Thanks,
LC

For both.

Some other examples:
Many boys and girls are on the playground.

To have the attribute only applied to the first noun you need to emphasize a separation with "and".
For instance:

Intern
Joined: 01 Aug 2011
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  15 Sep 2011, 14:29
euxeno wrote:
E. stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air, is

This option omits the restrictive relative clause "that remain stationary". One of the requirements of a restrictive clause is that the sentence wouldn't make sense or mean the same thing without it. In this case, "although they are formed by rapidly moving air" is providing a counterpoint without having a main point to counter.

Maybe another example would illustrate this best:

Bananas that are yellow are tastiest although brown ones are good for baking. <--Correct
Bananas are tastiest although brown ones are good for baking. <--"Awkward and unclear" as OG-11 would put it

Agree that C is the correct answer. But besides introducing a passive, which in itself is nowhere a sin except in GMAT, you cannot fault E.
E does not omit the restrictive relative clause "crests and troughs that remain stationary" because it states the similar "stationary crests and troughs".

To reuse your example in the same way that E is formulated:
Yellow bananas are tastiest although brown ones are good for baking. Neither awkward, nor unclear.

E also weakens the contrast made necessary by "although". C states that "....remain stationary although the air .... moves rapidly". E makes this contrast less obvious, but nonetheless present.

So I don't see this one as clear cut as it might seem from the posts.
Manager
Status: SC SC SC SC SC.... Concentrating on SC alone.
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 242
Location: India
Concentration: General Management
GMAT Date: 12-30-2011
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 35 [0], given: 47

Re: The Peak of Mountains [#permalink]  16 Sep 2011, 01:19
C it is..

X although Y. Parallelism is maintained..
_________________

D- Day December 30 2011. Hoping for the happiest new year celebrations !

Aiming for 700+

Kudo me if the post is worth it

Re: The Peak of Mountains   [#permalink] 16 Sep 2011, 01:19
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
The peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a 5 03 Sep 2004, 08:01
The peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a 16 14 Nov 2005, 20:09
The peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a 3 06 Jul 2008, 07:19
The peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a 1 27 May 2009, 21:18
1 The peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a 10 06 Jul 2009, 19:50
Display posts from previous: Sort by