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# CR - Evaluate : it is illegal to advertise prescription

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Manager
Status: Re-take.. The OG just loves me too much.
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CR - Evaluate : it is illegal to advertise prescription [#permalink]  25 Jul 2012, 08:01
Question Source : Critical Reasoning from GMAT Prep

It is illegal to advertise prescription medications in Hedland except directly to physicians, either by mail or in medical journals. A proposed law would allow general advertising of prescription medications. Opponents object that the general population lacks the specialized knowledge to evaluate such advertisements and might ask their physicians for inappropriate medications. But since physicians have the final say as to whether to prescribe a medication for a patient, inappropriate prescriptions would not become more common.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether advertising for prescription medications might alert patients to the existence of effective treatments for minor ailments that they had previously thought to be untreatable

B. Whether some people might go to a physician for no reason other than ask for a particular medication they have seen advertised

C. Whether the proposed law requires prescription-medication advertisements directed to the general public to provide the same information as do advertisements directed to physicians.

D. Whether advertisements for prescription medications are currently an important source of information about newly available medications for physicians

E. Whether physicians would give in to patients’ demands for prescription medication they chose when the one originally prescribed by the physician fails to perform.

Can someone explain what should be the logic to solve this kind of questions?
I have serious problems with the evaluate type of questions.

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MGMAT 1 [11/09/2012] : 640 (Q44;V34) - need to improve quant pacing and overcome verbal fatigue.

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Re: CR - Evaluate : it is illegal to advertise prescription [#permalink]  25 Jul 2012, 12:35
Expert's post
Evaluate question like these are another form of Argument question. Just like Assumption, Strengthen, Weaken, and Flaw questions, your first step is to find the assumption of the argument, the gap between the evidence and conclusion.

In this case, the author's evidence is that doctors have "the final say," and as a result that author concludes patients knowing about medicines will cause poor medical decisions. But we're changing subjects here! The evidence is about who makes the decision, while the conclusion is about HOW the decision turns out. There are many factors that influence the doctor's final decision--including the patient's requests.

Therefore, the assumption is that patients knowing about drugs won't cause doctors, who do have the final say, to make poor choices. And this is an Evaluation question. So we look for the answer choice that lets us evaluate that assumption--we need to ask whether or not patient knowledge can influence medical judgement. And indeed, (E) is exactly the right question, and the correct answer.

Good luck, and I hope this helps!
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Prepare with Kaplan and save $150 on a course! Kaplan Reviews Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 5853 Location: Pune, India Followers: 1479 Kudos [?]: 7939 [1] , given: 190 Re: CR - Evaluate : it is illegal to advertise prescription [#permalink] 25 Jul 2012, 21:03 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post thebigr002 wrote: Question Source : Critical Reasoning from GMAT Prep It is illegal to advertise prescription medications in Hedland except directly to physicians, either by mail or in medical journals. A proposed law would allow general advertising of prescription medications. Opponents object that the general population lacks the specialized knowledge to evaluate such advertisements and might ask their physicians for inappropriate medications. But since physicians have the final say as to whether to prescribe a medication for a patient, inappropriate prescriptions would not become more common. Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument? A. Whether advertising for prescription medications might alert patients to the existence of effective treatments for minor ailments that they had previously thought to be untreatable B. Whether some people might go to a physician for no reason other than ask for a particular medication they have seen advertised C. Whether the proposed law requires prescription-medication advertisements directed to the general public to provide the same information as do advertisements directed to physicians. D. Whether advertisements for prescription medications are currently an important source of information about newly available medications for physicians E. Whether physicians would give in to patients’ demands for prescription medication they chose when the one originally prescribed by the physician fails to perform. Can someone explain what should be the logic to solve this kind of questions? I have serious problems with the evaluate type of questions. OA would follow soon.. 'Evaluate the argument' question is a kind of strengthen/weaken question. You need to find the option which will strengthen or weaken the conclusion. Think of it this way - A says, "It is a good idea to invest in company A right now." You want to evaluate this argument. What information will be useful in evaluating this statement? Something that lends credibility to this statement e.g. bright future prospects, strong and clean financial results etc or something that weakens this statement e.g. discord between the management and the workers etc. Similarly, you identify the conclusion of the argument and then evaluate whether the options affect the conclusion. Conclusion: inappropriate prescriptions would not become more common Look at option (E) - Whether physicians would give in to patients’ demands for prescription medication they chose when the one originally prescribed by the physician fails to perform. Do we need to know this to evaluate the argument? Yes we do. If physicians will give in to patients’ demands, inappropriate prescriptions will become more common. If physicians will not give in to patients’ demands, inappropriate prescriptions will not become more common. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Manager
Status: Re-take.. The OG just loves me too much.
Joined: 18 Jun 2012
Posts: 67
Location: India
GMAT 1: 600 Q44 V29
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 48

Re: CR - Evaluate : it is illegal to advertise prescription [#permalink]  26 Jul 2012, 01:41
@VeritasPrepKarishma -

Quote:

'Evaluate the argument' question is a kind of strengthen/weaken question.
You need to find the option which will strengthen or weaken the conclusion. Think of it this way - A says, "It is a good idea to invest in company A right now."
You want to evaluate this argument. What information will be useful in evaluating this statement? Something that lends credibility to this statement e.g. bright future prospects, strong and clean financial results etc or something that weakens this statement e.g. discord between the management and the workers etc.

Similarly, you identify the conclusion of the argument and then evaluate whether the options affect the conclusion.

Does that mean that we can apply a sort of Yes/No test.
the correct option would strengthen or weaken the conclusion in either of the yes/no evaluation questions..

say for example -

If physicians will give in to patients’ demands, inappropriate prescriptions will become more common. - Yes. This weakens the conclusion
If physicians will not give in to patients’ demands, inappropriate prescriptions will not become more common - No. This supports the conclusion.

I guess, if we apply this Yes/No test to all the answer options, we can eliminate the irrelevant ones..
_________________

Live Life the Way YOU Love It !!

GmatPrep1 [10/09/2012] : 650 (Q42;V38) - need to make lesser silly mistakes.
MGMAT 1 [11/09/2012] : 640 (Q44;V34) - need to improve quant pacing and overcome verbal fatigue.

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
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Re: CR - Evaluate : it is illegal to advertise prescription [#permalink]  26 Jul 2012, 21:08
Expert's post
thebigr002 wrote:
@VeritasPrepKarishma -

Does that mean that we can apply a sort of Yes/No test.
the correct option would strengthen or weaken the conclusion in either of the yes/no evaluation questions..

say for example -

If physicians will give in to patients’ demands, inappropriate prescriptions will become more common. - Yes. This weakens the conclusion
If physicians will not give in to patients’ demands, inappropriate prescriptions will not become more common - No. This supports the conclusion.

I guess, if we apply this Yes/No test to all the answer options, we can eliminate the irrelevant ones..

You can call it whatever you want. You want to find the option that helps you evaluate the conclusion. So the answer to the question in the option should have the ability to affect the strength of the conclusion - either make it stronger or weaker. Note that it is not necessary that both 'yes' and 'no' will affect the conclusion but at least one of them should.

Say, we go back to our previous example:

A says, "It is a good idea to invest in company A right now."

You want to evaluate this argument. What information will be useful in evaluating this statement?
"Was the senior management turnover high in the last 2 yrs?"

Yes - It affects our argument. It may not be a good idea to invest in A.
No - Doesn't affect our argument. You expect the turnover to be low. If it is as expected, it doesn't make our argument stronger. Just that our argument doesn't become weaker.
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Re: CR - Evaluate : it is illegal to advertise prescription   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2012, 21:08
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