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If j and k are positive integers where k > j, what is the value of the remainder when k is divided by j?

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5.

(2) j > 5

Got the answer as E , can someone testify ..whether the answer ..i am getting is right or wrong and also post the explanation.

Thanks

Positive integer \(a\) divided by positive integer \(d\) yields a reminder of \(r\) can always be expressed as \(a=qd+r\), where \(q\) is called a quotient and \(r\) is called a remainder, note here that \(0\leq{r}<d\) (remainder is non-negative integer and always less than divisor).

So according to above \(k\) is divided by \(j\) yields a remainder of \(r\) can be expressed as: \(k=qj+r\), where \(0\leq{r}<j=divisor\). Question: \(r=?\)

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5 --> it's tempting to say that this statement is sufficient and \(r=5\), as given equation is very similar to \(k=qj+r\). But we don't know whether \(5<j\): remainder must be less than divisor.

For example: If \(k=6\) and \(j=1\) then \(6=1*1+5\) and the remainder upon division 6 by 1 is zero; If \(k=11\) and \(j=6\) then \(11=1*6+5\) and the remainder upon division 11 by 6 is 5. Not sufficient.

(2) \(j > 5\) --> clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) \(k = jm + 5\) and \(j > 5\) --> direct formula of remainder as defined above --> \(r=5\). Sufficient.

Or: \(k = jm + 5\) --> first term \(jm\) is clearly divisible by \(j\) and 5 divided by \(j\) as (\(j>5\)) yields remainder of 5.

If j and k are positive integers where k > j, what is the value of the remainder when k is divided by j?

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5.

(2) j > 5

Got the answer as E , can someone testify ..whether the answer ..i am getting is right or wrong and also post the explanation.

Thanks

Positive integer \(a\) divided by positive integer \(d\) yields a reminder of \(r\) can always be expressed as \(a=qd+r\), where \(q\) is called a quotient and \(r\) is called a remainder, note here that \(0\leq{r}<d\) (remainder is non-negative integer and always less than divisor).

So according to above \(k\) is divided by \(j\) yields a remainder of \(r\) can be expressed as: \(k=qj+r\), where \(0\leq{r}<j=divisor\). Question: \(r=?\)

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5 --> it's tempting to say that this statement is sufficient and \(r=5\), as given equation is very similar to \(k=qj+r\). But we don't know whether \(5<j\): remainder must be less than divisor.

For example: If \(k=6\) and \(j=1\) then \(6=1*1+5\) and the remainder upon division 6 by 1 is zero; If \(k=11\) and \(j=6\) then \(11=1*6+5\) and the remainder upon division 11 by 6 is 5. Not sufficient.

(2) \(j > 5\) --> clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) \(k = jm + 5\) and \(j > 5\) --> direct formula of remainder as defined above --> \(r=5\). Sufficient.

Or: \(k = jm + 5\) --> first term \(jm\) is clearly divisible by \(j\) and 5 divided by \(j\) as (\(j>5\)) yields remainder of 5.

If j and k are positive integers where k > j, what is the value of the remainder when k is divided by j?

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5.

(2) j > 5

Got the answer as E , can someone testify ..whether the answer ..i am getting is right or wrong and also post the explanation.

Thanks

Positive integer \(a\) divided by positive integer \(d\) yields a reminder of \(r\) can always be expressed as \(a=qd+r\), where \(q\) is called a quotient and \(r\) is called a remainder, note here that \(0\leq{r}<d\) (remainder is non-negative integer and always less than divisor).

So according to above \(k\) is divided by \(j\) yields a remainder of \(r\) can be expressed as: \(k=qj+r\), where \(0\leq{r}<j=divisor\). Question: \(r=?\)

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5 --> it's tempting to say that this statement is sufficient and \(r=5\), as given equation is very similar to \(k=qj+r\). But we don't know whether \(5<j\): remainder must be less than divisor.

For example: If \(k=6\) and \(j=1\) then \(6=1*1+5\) and the remainder upon division 6 by 1 is zero; If \(k=11\) and \(j=6\) then \(11=1*6+5\) and the remainder upon division 11 by 6 is 5. Not sufficient.

(2) \(j > 5\) --> clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) \(k = jm + 5\) and \(j > 5\) --> direct formula of remainder as defined above --> \(r=5\). Sufficient.

Or: \(k = jm + 5\) --> first term \(jm\) is clearly divisible by \(j\) and 5 divided by \(j\) as (\(j>5\)) yields remainder of 5.

Answer: C.

Hi Bunuel,

Could you please elaborate as to why A is not the right answer. Would really appreciate it. Thanks

If j and k are positive integers where k > j, what is the value of the remainder when k is divided by j?

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5.

(2) j > 5

Got the answer as E , can someone testify ..whether the answer ..i am getting is right or wrong and also post the explanation.

Thanks

Positive integer \(a\) divided by positive integer \(d\) yields a reminder of \(r\) can always be expressed as \(a=qd+r\), where \(q\) is called a quotient and \(r\) is called a remainder, note here that \(0\leq{r}<d\) (remainder is non-negative integer and always less than divisor).

So according to above \(k\) is divided by \(j\) yields a remainder of \(r\) can be expressed as: \(k=qj+r\), where \(0\leq{r}<j=divisor\). Question: \(r=?\)

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5 --> it's tempting to say that this statement is sufficient and \(r=5\), as given equation is very similar to \(k=qj+r\). But we don't know whether \(5<j\): remainder must be less than divisor.

For example: If \(k=6\) and \(j=1\) then \(6=1*1+5\) and the remainder upon division 6 by 1 is zero; If \(k=11\) and \(j=6\) then \(11=1*6+5\) and the remainder upon division 11 by 6 is 5. Not sufficient.

(2) \(j > 5\) --> clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) \(k = jm + 5\) and \(j > 5\) --> direct formula of remainder as defined above --> \(r=5\). Sufficient.

Or: \(k = jm + 5\) --> first term \(jm\) is clearly divisible by \(j\) and 5 divided by \(j\) as (\(j>5\)) yields remainder of 5.

Answer: C.

Hi Bunuel,

Could you please elaborate as to why A is not the right answer. Would really appreciate it. Thanks

Consider the examples for the first statement given in my solution proving that this statement is not sufficient. _________________

If j and k are positive integers where k > j, what is the value of the remainder when k is divided by j?

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5.

(2) j > 5

Got the answer as E , can someone testify ..whether the answer ..i am getting is right or wrong and also post the explanation.

Thanks

Positive integer \(a\) divided by positive integer \(d\) yields a reminder of \(r\) can always be expressed as \(a=qd+r\), where \(q\) is called a quotient and \(r\) is called a remainder, note here that \(0\leq{r}<d\) (remainder is non-negative integer and always less than divisor).

So according to above \(k\) is divided by \(j\) yields a remainder of \(r\) can be expressed as: \(k=qj+r\), where \(0\leq{r}<j=divisor\). Question: \(r=?\)

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5 --> it's tempting to say that this statement is sufficient and \(r=5\), as given equation is very similar to \(k=qj+r\). But we don't know whether \(5<j\): remainder must be less than divisor.

For example: If \(k=6\) and \(j=1\) then \(6=1*1+5\) and the remainder upon division 6 by 1 is zero; If \(k=11\) and \(j=6\) then \(11=1*6+5\) and the remainder upon division 11 by 6 is 5. Not sufficient.

(2) \(j > 5\) --> clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) \(k = jm + 5\) and \(j > 5\) --> direct formula of remainder as defined above --> \(r=5\). Sufficient.

Or: \(k = jm + 5\) --> first term \(jm\) is clearly divisible by \(j\) and 5 divided by \(j\) as (\(j>5\)) yields remainder of 5.

Answer: C.

I do not understand why the reminder is still 5....

If you have 25=20*2 + 5 than reminder is 5. But if K/J than the reminder is 5/10: 0.5 not 5. And indeed 25/10=2.5 and 2+0.5=2.5

Therefore, the value of the reminder when K is divided by J is correlated with the value of J.

This is why I answered E because we do not know the value of J.

If j and k are positive integers where k > j, what is the value of the remainder when k is divided by j?

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5.

(2) j > 5

Got the answer as E , can someone testify ..whether the answer ..i am getting is right or wrong and also post the explanation.

Thanks

Positive integer \(a\) divided by positive integer \(d\) yields a reminder of \(r\) can always be expressed as \(a=qd+r\), where \(q\) is called a quotient and \(r\) is called a remainder, note here that \(0\leq{r}<d\) (remainder is non-negative integer and always less than divisor).

So according to above \(k\) is divided by \(j\) yields a remainder of \(r\) can be expressed as: \(k=qj+r\), where \(0\leq{r}<j=divisor\). Question: \(r=?\)

(1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5 --> it's tempting to say that this statement is sufficient and \(r=5\), as given equation is very similar to \(k=qj+r\). But we don't know whether \(5<j\): remainder must be less than divisor.

For example: If \(k=6\) and \(j=1\) then \(6=1*1+5\) and the remainder upon division 6 by 1 is zero; If \(k=11\) and \(j=6\) then \(11=1*6+5\) and the remainder upon division 11 by 6 is 5. Not sufficient.

(2) \(j > 5\) --> clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) \(k = jm + 5\) and \(j > 5\) --> direct formula of remainder as defined above --> \(r=5\). Sufficient.

Or: \(k = jm + 5\) --> first term \(jm\) is clearly divisible by \(j\) and 5 divided by \(j\) as (\(j>5\)) yields remainder of 5.

Answer: C.

I do not understand why the reminder is still 5....

If you have 25=20*2 + 5 than reminder is 5. But if K/J than the reminder is 5/10: 0.5 not 5. And indeed 25/10=2.5 and 2+0.5=2.5

Therefore, the value of the reminder when K is divided by J is correlated with the value of J.

This is why I answered E because we do not know the value of J.

Where did I get wrong?

Thanks!

The remainder when k=25 is divided by j=20 is 5. The remainder when k=5 is divided by j=10 is 5 too.

Re: If j and k are positive integers where k > j, what is the [#permalink]
18 Sep 2014, 07:41

Expert's post

sudipt23 wrote:

Hi, would be grateful if someone could elaborate on first statement. Can't understand how given statement 'k=jm+5' is not the same as 'a=qd+r'.

Thanks

Have you read this: (1) There exists a positive integer m such that k = jm + 5 --> it's tempting to say that this statement is sufficient and \(r=5\), as given equation is very similar to \(k=qj+r\). But we don't know whether \(5<j\): remainder must be less than divisor.

For example: If \(k=6\) and \(j=1\) then \(6=1*1+5\) and the remainder upon division 6 by 1 is zero; If \(k=11\) and \(j=6\) then \(11=1*6+5\) and the remainder upon division 11 by 6 is 5. Not sufficient. _________________

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