Possible long-term consequences of the greenhouse effect, : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Possible long-term consequences of the greenhouse effect,

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Possible long-term consequences of the greenhouse effect, [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2012, 18:55
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Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the gradual warming of the Earth’s climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.
A. may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level
B. may include the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level
C. may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising
D. include melting the polar ice caps and sea levels that are rising
E. include melting of the polar ice caps and a rise in sea level

The correct answer is E, but does the "melting of the polar ice caps" without the article "the" is still parallel to the "a rise in sea level"?
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16 Oct 2012, 21:47
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.
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17 Oct 2012, 06:38
MacFauz wrote:
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.

Can you explain why B is wrong? I feel "the melting of" is parallel to "the rising sea level".

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17 Oct 2012, 08:15
vivekdixit07 wrote:
MacFauz wrote:
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.

Can you explain why B is wrong? I feel "the melting of" is parallel to "the rising sea level".

"the melting of" is a (complex) gerund phrase, whereas "the rising sea level" is a participle phrase and hence are not parallel. Even otherwise, looking at each phrase you can see that in "the melting of ice caps", the "the melting of" is the subject can be used as the subject of a sentence whereas in "the rising sea level", the "sea level" part is the actual subject.

eg: The waving flag IS green. and The waving flagS ARE green.
The waving of the flag IS fierce. and The waving of the flagS IS fierce.

My examples might not be 100% correct but I hope you get the meaning.
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17 Oct 2012, 09:45
MacFauz wrote:
vivekdixit07 wrote:
MacFauz wrote:
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.

Can you explain why B is wrong? I feel "the melting of" is parallel to "the rising sea level".

"the melting of" is a (complex) gerund phrase, whereas "the rising sea level" is a participle phrase and hence are not parallel. Even otherwise, looking at each phrase you can see that in "the melting of ice caps", the "the melting of" is the subject can be used as the subject of a sentence whereas in "the rising sea level", the "sea level" part is the actual subject.

eg: The waving flag IS green. and The waving flagS ARE green.
The waving of the flag IS fierce. and The waving of the flagS IS fierce.

My examples might not be 100% correct but I hope you get the meaning.

I also think "the melting of" is parallel to "the rising sea level". I think the problem for B is "may" repeats the meaning of "possible", so it deemed redundant
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21 Oct 2012, 11:12
i eliminated options A, B and C based on the fact that if we're using "Possible" in the sentence, then the use of "may" becomes sort of redundant, since if you're expressing a possibility, you're anyways not sure if that event WILL occur..

So, out of the remaining options D and E, E wins, since option D somewhat changes the meaning of the sentence.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the greenhouse effect, [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 23:41
tingting85114 wrote:
Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the gradual warming of the Earth’s climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.
A. may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level
B. may include the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level
C. may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising
D. include melting the polar ice caps and sea levels that are rising
E. include melting of the polar ice caps and a rise in sea level

The correct answer is E, but does the "melting of the polar ice caps" without the article "the" is still parallel to the "a rise in sea level"?

In this sentence, two close options are B & E. In option B, although both the parallel items are Complex gerund phrase but use of “The rising sea level” changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Option B means that Consequences include Melting & Sea level but this is not the intended meaning. Author wants to mean that Consequences include Melting & Rise, actions correctly used only in option E.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the greenhouse effect, [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2013, 18:05
Can someone kindly explain why C is not correct? I was looking for 1. meaning and 2. parallelism. Thank you!
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10 Oct 2013, 21:13
MacFauz wrote:
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.

Hi MacFauz ,

I am understand ( melting of is a verb ing noun ) but how is rise a noun ? Confused why E is the best choice .

Thanks and Regards ,
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the greenhouse effect, [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2013, 00:12
Looks like an act or instance of rising is a noun. So, "rise" is a noun here.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the greenhouse effect, [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2014, 23:05
TAL010 wrote:
Can someone kindly explain why C is not correct? I was looking for 1. meaning and 2. parallelism. Thank you!

may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising...

In this choice the meaning is different from the original sentence. This sentence means that the the consequences of the the "green house effect" includes polar ice caps and sea levels. Plus the 'may' makes the sentence redundant with the usage of 'Possible'. Other than that I think the sentence doesn't have any parallelism issues.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the greenhouse effect,   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2014, 23:05
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