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The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded

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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2011, 11:14
I agree edoy56.
However, the answer choice still remains the same for me.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2011, 11:27
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edoy56 wrote:
The weakening answer will include something that either says the congestion isn't the reason why the stores are struggling to survive or it will say that widening the roads won't save the stores, which are struggling (implies to me significant increase in revenue or profit)


Good analysis! However premise clearly states that "congestion is deterring potential customers from visiting Rodway's stores". As premises are considered true, we cannot weaken them. We can weaken the logical reasoning or the link between premises and conclusions or the conclusion itself. So, as per your analysis, only one weakening option remains: "or it will say that widening the roads won't save the stores, which are struggling ". Considering this, correct/incorrect choices become more evident.

My take on option C is:

Premise states that stores in Ipswich are thriving since the road between Ipswich and Martin was widened. (NOTE: no mention of Martin's stores in the premises)

Option C states that Martin's residents have much more purchasing power than Ipswich's residents. This implies that since the road between Ipswich and Martin was widened, Martin's residents were able to reach and purchase at Ipswich's stores, thus increasing Ipswich's stores' revenues. This in fact reinforces the premises, and hence actually strengthens the conclusion, that is based on a positive relation between widening of road (thus reducing congestion) and stores' revenues.

Having ruled out option C, E remains.
Conclusion: Widening Road => (alleviate congestion) => Increased Revenue of Rodway's stores

E states that widening of road didn't have a significant effect on Martin's stores, thus there is no reason to believe that widening of road will have a significant effect on Rodway's stores.
In short, option E is: Widening of Road --Not Always--> Significant Increase in Revenue

In cases of cause and effect, If A causes B, i.e., A->B, then this relationship is considered strict and binding. In all cases A should cause B, and to the same extent. E clearly weakens this causal relationship as stated in the argument, hence should be the answer.

Option D is out of scope as it doesn't refer to the reasoning used in the argument and states extraneous factors (such as advertising, merchandise etc.) that may or may not affect stores' revenues.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2011, 11:36
mayansd wrote:
edoy56 wrote:
The weakening answer will include something that either says the congestion isn't the reason why the stores are struggling to survive or it will say that widening the roads won't save the stores, which are struggling (implies to me significant increase in revenue or profit)


Good analysis! However premise clearly states that "congestion is deterring potential customers from visiting Rodway's stores". As premises are considered true, we cannot weaken them. We can weaken the logical reasoning or the link between premises and conclusions or the conclusion itself. So, as per your analysis, only one weakening option remains: "or it will say that widening the roads won't save the stores, which are struggling ". Considering this, correct/incorrect choices become more evident.



Thanks for the clarification, great point
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2011, 12:12
Thanks Mayank.

Now I see it, E makes more sense.
Since the profit for stores in Martin have increased only slightly after connecting to Ipswich, there is no reason to believe that Rodway stores would benefit in case the road is made.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2011, 02:52
I will go with E,plz correct me if am wrong.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2011, 03:03
I would go with A. OA pls
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2011, 11:52
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2011, 23:19
Im into C here.


The construction necessary to widen the road will block an additional lane of traffic, temporarily adding to the congestion.---hmm..good weakener but not good enough. After the construction, the sales could dramatically increase
The stores in Rodway are only profitable during the holiday shopping season.--ok..so what?
Martin is a thriving metropolis whose residents have several times the purchasing power of those of Ipswich..better one. It suggests that the good sales of the products are due to the higher purchasing power, not due to the construction of road
The owners of Rodway's stores are spending their revenue on advertising and marketing rather than on purchasing new merchandise.---The author is talking is about the existing mercahndise. If they dont sell well, what will he do with the new merchandise?
Martin's stores have only experienced a slight increase in profits since the road from Ipswich was widened.slight increase in profits is still good to survive..its about survival, not about profits....this is a nice shell-game fallacy...both the underlined parts are present in the premises but the construction of the phrases doesn't weaken the argument(I guess so)

But if the ans is E, I really wonder what the author's reasoning is. I really find a lot of difference between survival and getting high profits. And this option does not say profits decreased. I said that the profits slightly increased. Oh man!!!..This question troubles me
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2011, 04:55
it's a good question, I go for C, however I dunno how to deface E!
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2011, 04:56
:!: it's a good question, I go for C, however I dunno how to deface E!
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2011, 09:27
first i thought it would be D but now i think its B.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2011, 10:06
Asher wrote:
first i thought it would be D but now i think its B.


this question was really confusing and i am still clueless about the answer :oops:

btw here is an interesting article i read on causation & correlation -- http://www.knewton.com/lsat/free/sample ... rrelation/
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2011, 02:20
Tricky one, IMO E. what is OA
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2011, 23:53
OA is E
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2012, 19:36
I went for A too because the Rodway stores are already struggling to survive and the contruction will block an entire lane further increasing congestion and killing off the businesses.

vyassaptarashi wrote:
I will go with "A"

Whats OA?
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2012, 06:43
Logic: If Martin’s stores did not benefit, means people from Martin probably went to Ipswich to do shopping. Similarly, the widening of roads could benefit Ipswich more than Rodway. And this will make the situation worse for Rodway. Hence good reason to undermine the argument.
So E
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2016, 08:58
The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded with traffic, which deters potential customers from visiting Rodway's stores.
The congestion has gotten so bad that many of the stores in Rodway are struggling to survive.
Meanwhile, in Ipswich, the stores are thriving since they widened the road to Martin.
Thus, to alleviate congestion and save Rodway's stores, the road between Ipswich and Rodway should be widened.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the argument above?....i.e., Weaken

A. The construction necessary to widen the road will block an additional lane of traffic, temporarily adding to the congestion.
The road widening here will block one more additional lane of traffic which will add to current issue. But it is temporary and can favor the argument.

B. The stores in Rodway are only profitable during the holiday shopping season.......when they are profitable is not the concern as we should be able to clear traffic to make it comfortable for shoppers. Out of scope.

C. Martin is a thriving metropolis whose residents have several times the purchasing power of those of Ipswich.......martin residents purchasing power have nothing to do with Rodway's as Martin's residents can go to Rodway to purchase products.

D. The owners of Rodway's stores are spending their revenue on advertising and marketing rather than on purchasing new merchandise..............This is completely out of scope and does not affect the argument.

E. Martin's stores have only experienced a slight increase in profits since the road from Ipswich was widened.............this slight increase in profits helped the stores in Ipswich to become successful while only slight increase in profits were experienced by Marint's stores. So in a way the widening of road can result in prosperity for stores of either Ipswich or Rodway or anything else(the road can act as aid in transporting the material on that road). Thus it is not sure that Rodway's stores can be saved as outcome is not sure.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2016, 02:06
mayansd
While i agree to C being wrong I have a doubt with this reponse-

E states that widening of road didn't have a significant effect on Martin's stores, thus there is no reason to believe that widening of road will have a significant effect on Rodway's stores. - "But we are told that Widening of the road did have a positive impact on boosting sales in ipswich".
So shouldnt making a road then boost sales in Rodways too? Unless of course we assume that both towns should mutually benefit from the widening of roads.
However this is no where written.

So how do we justify it?
Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded   [#permalink] 14 Apr 2016, 02:06

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The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded

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