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The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can

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The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2012, 20:18
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The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours. The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both outlets are used at the same time, approximately what is the number of hours required to fill the pool?

(A) 0.22
(B) 0.31
(C) 2.50
(D) 3.21
(E) 4.56
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: water outlet [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2012, 22:40
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calreg11 wrote:
The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours. The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both outlets are used at the same time, approximately what is the number of hours required to fill the pool?

(A) 0.22 (B) 0.31 (C) 2.50 (D) 3.21 (E) 4.56


Always remember RT=W i.e Rate*Time = Work

Also remember that rate can be added or subtracted. For e.g if A do a work in 2 day and B do a work in 2 day.
They both of them together will do a work in 1 day.

So now your question first determine both outlets rate.
1st outlet rate = 1/9 (R=W/T here W=1 work, T = 9hrs)
2nd outlet rate = 1/5 (R=W/T here W=1 work, T = 5hrs)

Both of them working together rate = 1st outlet rate + 2nd outlet rate = 1/9+1/5 = 14/45

again apply the formula RT=W
T = W/R = 1/14/45 = 45/14 =3.21

Answer is D.
Hope this helps.
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can [#permalink] New post 24 Mar 2012, 01:04
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calreg11 wrote:
The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours. The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both outlets are used at the same time, approximately what is the number of hours required to fill the pool?

A. 0.22
B. 0.31
C. 2.50
D. 3.21
E. 4.56


Remember we can add the rates of individual entities to get the combined rate.

Generally for multiple entities: \(\frac{1}{t_1}+\frac{1}{t_2}+\frac{1}{t_3}+...+\frac{1}{t_n}=\frac{1}{T}\), where \(T\) is time needed for these entities to complete a given job working simultaneously and \(t_1\), \(t_2\), ..., \(t_n\) are individual times needed for them to complete the job alone.

So for two pumps, workers, etc. we'll have \(\frac{1}{t_1}+\frac{1}{t_2}=\frac{1}{T}\) --> \(T=\frac{t_1*t_2}{t_1+t_2}\) (general formula for 2 workers, pumps, ...).

Back to the original problem: for two outlets the formula becomes: \(\frac{1}{9}+\frac{1}{5}=\frac{1}{T}\) --> \(\frac{14}{45}=\frac{1}{T}\) --> \(T=\frac{45}{14}=3.something\) (or directly \(T=\frac{t_1*t_2}{t_1+t_2}=\frac{5*9}{5+9}=\frac{45}{14}\)).

Answer: D.

Alliteratively you can do: if both outlets were as slow as the first one, so if both needed 9 hours, then together they would fill the pool in 9/2=4.5 hours, since we don't have two such slow outlets then the answer must be less than 4.5. Similarly, if both outlets were as fast as the second one, so if both needed 5 hours, then together they would fill the pool in 5/2=2.5 hours, since we don't have two such fast outlets then the answer must be more than 2.5. Only answer choice D meets these requirements.

Answer: D.

Check this for more on this subject: two-consultants-can-type-up-a-report-126155.html#p1030079

Hope it helps.
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can [#permalink] New post 25 Mar 2012, 09:42
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Ans : D

Pipe 1 : Work done in 1 hr = 1/9 = Rate
Pipe 2 : work donr in 1 hr = 1/5 = Rate

Together

Rate * Time = Work
(1/9 + 1/5) * x = 1

x = 45/14
x = 3.21
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2013, 10:29
This really helped in clearing all the queries

kuttingchai wrote:
Ans : D

Pipe 1 : Work done in 1 hr = 1/9 = Rate
Pipe 2 : work donr in 1 hr = 1/5 = Rate

Together

Rate * Time = Work
(1/9 + 1/5) * x = 1

x = 45/14
x = 3.21
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2015, 06:38
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2015, 07:31
Select the capacity of the pool as a smart number (9 *5=45 Liters)
For 1st pipe, in 9hours it fills 45 Liters
So in hour, it fills 45/9 = 5

For 2nd pipe, in 5hours it fills 45 Liters
So in hour, it fills 45/5 = 9

So together in 1hour they can fill 9+5=14 Liters

Thus, for 14 Liters time taken = 1 h
For 45 Liters, time taken = (45/14) = 3.2

ANSWER D
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2015, 19:03
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Hi All,

This question is a standard "Work Formula" question. When you have 2 entities sharing a task, you can use the following formula to figure out how long it takes for the 2 entities to complete the task together.

Work = (A)(B)/(A+B) where A and B are the individual times required to complete the task

Here, we're given the rates as 9 hours and 5 hours. Using the Work Formula, we have...

(9)(5)/(9+5) = 45/14

45/14 is a little more than 3.....there's only one answer that matches...

Final Answer:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can   [#permalink] 16 Apr 2015, 19:03
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