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The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   5% (low)

Question Stats: 86% (01:09) correct 14% (01:26) wrong based on 838 sessions

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The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours. The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both outlets are used at the same time, approximately what is the number of hours required to fill the pool?

(A) 0.22
(B) 0.31
(C) 2.50
(D) 3.21
(E) 4.56

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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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calreg11 wrote:
The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours. The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both outlets are used at the same time, approximately what is the number of hours required to fill the pool?

A. 0.22
B. 0.31
C. 2.50
D. 3.21
E. 4.56

Remember we can add the rates of individual entities to get the combined rate.

Generally for multiple entities: $$\frac{1}{t_1}+\frac{1}{t_2}+\frac{1}{t_3}+...+\frac{1}{t_n}=\frac{1}{T}$$, where $$T$$ is time needed for these entities to complete a given job working simultaneously and $$t_1$$, $$t_2$$, ..., $$t_n$$ are individual times needed for them to complete the job alone.

So for two pumps, workers, etc. we'll have $$\frac{1}{t_1}+\frac{1}{t_2}=\frac{1}{T}$$ --> $$T=\frac{t_1*t_2}{t_1+t_2}$$ (general formula for 2 workers, pumps, ...).

Back to the original problem: for two outlets the formula becomes: $$\frac{1}{9}+\frac{1}{5}=\frac{1}{T}$$ --> $$\frac{14}{45}=\frac{1}{T}$$ --> $$T=\frac{45}{14}=3.something$$ (or directly $$T=\frac{t_1*t_2}{t_1+t_2}=\frac{5*9}{5+9}=\frac{45}{14}$$).

Answer: D.

Alliteratively you can do: if both outlets were as slow as the first one, so if both needed 9 hours, then together they would fill the pool in 9/2=4.5 hours, since we don't have two such slow outlets then the answer must be less than 4.5. Similarly, if both outlets were as fast as the second one, so if both needed 5 hours, then together they would fill the pool in 5/2=2.5 hours, since we don't have two such fast outlets then the answer must be more than 2.5. Only answer choice D meets these requirements.

Answer: D.

Check this for more on this subject: two-consultants-can-type-up-a-report-126155.html#p1030079

Hope it helps.
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calreg11 wrote:
The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours. The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both outlets are used at the same time, approximately what is the number of hours required to fill the pool?

(A) 0.22 (B) 0.31 (C) 2.50 (D) 3.21 (E) 4.56

Always remember RT=W i.e Rate*Time = Work

Also remember that rate can be added or subtracted. For e.g if A do a work in 2 day and B do a work in 2 day.
They both of them together will do a work in 1 day.

So now your question first determine both outlets rate.
1st outlet rate = 1/9 (R=W/T here W=1 work, T = 9hrs)
2nd outlet rate = 1/5 (R=W/T here W=1 work, T = 5hrs)

Both of them working together rate = 1st outlet rate + 2nd outlet rate = 1/9+1/5 = 14/45

again apply the formula RT=W
T = W/R = 1/14/45 = 45/14 =3.21

Answer is D.
Hope this helps.
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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Ans : D

Pipe 1 : Work done in 1 hr = 1/9 = Rate
Pipe 2 : work donr in 1 hr = 1/5 = Rate

Together

Rate * Time = Work
(1/9 + 1/5) * x = 1

x = 45/14
x = 3.21
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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This really helped in clearing all the queries

kuttingchai wrote:
Ans : D

Pipe 1 : Work done in 1 hr = 1/9 = Rate
Pipe 2 : work donr in 1 hr = 1/5 = Rate

Together

Rate * Time = Work
(1/9 + 1/5) * x = 1

x = 45/14
x = 3.21
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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Select the capacity of the pool as a smart number (9 *5=45 Liters)
For 1st pipe, in 9hours it fills 45 Liters
So in hour, it fills 45/9 = 5

For 2nd pipe, in 5hours it fills 45 Liters
So in hour, it fills 45/5 = 9

So together in 1hour they can fill 9+5=14 Liters

Thus, for 14 Liters time taken = 1 h
For 45 Liters, time taken = (45/14) = 3.2

ANSWER D
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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1
Hi All,

This question is a standard "Work Formula" question. When you have 2 entities sharing a task, you can use the following formula to figure out how long it takes for the 2 entities to complete the task together.

Work = (A)(B)/(A+B) where A and B are the individual times required to complete the task

Here, we're given the rates as 9 hours and 5 hours. Using the Work Formula, we have...

(9)(5)/(9+5) = 45/14

45/14 is a little more than 3.....there's only one answer that matches...

Final Answer:

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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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1
Considering the answer choices are not close enough, another quick way to answer this is to work with approximate percentages:

First outlet takes 9 hours to fill the pool, i.e. it fills approx. 11% of the pool every hour. Similarly, second outlet fills 20% of the pool in the same time. Thus, together they will fill approx. 31% of the pool in 1 hour, so to fill 100% of it they will take a little over 3 hours but definitely less than 4 hours. Only choice (D) meets this criteria.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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calreg11 wrote:
The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours. The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both outlets are used at the same time, approximately what is the number of hours required to fill the pool?

(A) 0.22
(B) 0.31
(C) 2.50
(D) 3.21
(E) 4.56

This problem is called a combined work problem. In these problems we use the formula:

Work (of machine 1) + Work (of machine 2) = Total Work Done

In this particular problem we can define “machine” as “outlet”. We are given that the water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours and that the water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. This means the hourly rate for one outlet is 1/9 pool per hour and the rate of the other outlet is 1/5 pool per hour. We also are told that the two outlets work together to fill the pool. Thus they both work together for “T” hours. We can fill these values into a simple table. We can plug in the two work values for outlet one and outlet two into the combined worker formula.

Work (of outlet 1) + Work (of outlet 2) = Total Work Done

T/9 + T/5 = 1

To eliminate the need for working with fractions, let's multiply the entire equation by 45.

45(T/9 + T/5 = 1)

5T + 9T = 45

14T = 45

T = 45/14 = 3 3/14 ≈ 3.21 hours

Answer D
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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Consider tank capacity to be 45l, a smart number divisible by 9 & 5.
First outlet fills the tank in 45/9 = 5 Hrs. (9 liters / Hr.)
Second outlet fills the tank in 45/5 = 9 Hrs. (5 liters / Hr.)
In 1 hour, first and second outlet can fill 9+5 = 14 Liters.
In x hours, first and second outlet can fill 45 Liters.

X = (45*1)/14 = 3.21 Hrs.
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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Top Contributor
calreg11 wrote:
The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours. The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both outlets are used at the same time, approximately what is the number of hours required to fill the pool?

(A) 0.22
(B) 0.31
(C) 2.50
(D) 3.21
(E) 4.56

So, let's say that the volume of the pool is 45 gallons.

The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours
So, this outlet pumps at a rate of 5 gallons per hour

The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours.
So, this outlet pumps at a rate of 9 gallons per hour

If both outlets are used at the same time. . .
The combined rate of both pumps = (5 gallons per hour) + (9 gallons per hour)
= 14 gallons per hour

Time = output/rate
At 14 gallons per hour, the time to pump 45 gallons = 45/14
= 3 3/14
= 3.something

Answer: D

Cheers,
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Re: The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can  [#permalink]

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calreg11 wrote:
The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours. The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both outlets are used at the same time, approximately what is the number of hours required to fill the pool?

(A) 0.22
(B) 0.31
(C) 2.50
(D) 3.21
(E) 4.56

rate of pipe A; 1/9 and pipe B; 1/5
together ; 14/45
time ; 45/14 ; ~ 3.21 ; IMO D
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