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While depressed property values can hurt some large

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While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 02:40
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52% (02:15) correct 48% (01:09) wrong based on 180 sessions
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity - in many cases representing a life's savings - can plunge or even disappear.

A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
C. for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
D. for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
E. it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose

Can you please the sentence construction of this question? I chose option (B), but couldn't understand why it is wrong. Which concept is being tested in this question?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 03:03
Leave apart the grammar rules the meaning itself is enough here to show which one is correct and which one is not
A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
Implies - that these depressed property values surely are devastating for home owners whose life's saving are invested.
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
Implies -- they can which means it is not necessary that it is truly devastating for the homeowners
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Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 03:22
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While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity - in many cases representing a life's savings - can plunge or even disappear.

A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
C. for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
D. for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
E. it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose


Again SV agreement is tested here, also pronouns. Also look out for redundancy in answer choices.

in A we need to make sure that the pronoun ''they'' is used correctly as we have tow plurals in the sentence before pronoun reference ''property values'' and ''large investors''

they cannot refer to large investors coz it cannot modify the noun just preceeding it. TOO CLOSE to be be an antecedent we say it.
While in C ''they'' can refer either to large investors or to property values because now it's seperated from large investors and not TOO CLOSE.

So C is OUT.
B has redundancy and also SV.. what does ''their'' reffering to?? OUT
D & E have SV agreement.. use of IT.


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Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 03:37
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umeshpatil wrote:
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity - in many cases representing a life's savings - can plunge or even disappear.

A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
C. for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
D. for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
E. it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose

Can you please the sentence construction of this question? I chose option (B), but couldn't understand why it is wrong. Which concept is being tested in this question?


Hii Umesh.
Note that there is a 3:2 split between the usage of "they" and "it". By choosing the correct split you can raise the probability of selecting the right answer from 20% to 33.3%.
Since "it" cannot modify any noun here, hence D and E are straightaway eliminated.
In A, "whose" modifies the homeowners and hence eliminates the ambiguity.
In B and C, there is an ambiguity in that these choice use "they" which can refer to any of the available plural entity.
Also B has a redundancy issue in that it uses "can" and "potentially" together.
Concept tested: SVA and Redundancy
Hope that helps.
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Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 05:08
Hi umesh,
I hope u need to understand the following things:
1.Their- is used to represent plual things
2.Whose- is used to represent place o thing
3.It-Antecedent should be Singular

Now apply these things in the question you wil get the answer as in OA,

Hope tats clear
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Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink] New post 18 Dec 2014, 11:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink] New post 18 Dec 2014, 15:01
Quote:
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity - in many cases representing a life's savings - can plunge or even disappear.

A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
C. for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
D. for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
E. it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose


This sentence problem tests the antecedent for "their" and subject verb tenses.

A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
"whose" properly modifies homeowners. Keep.

B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
"their" is ambiguous as it can emphasize property values or homeowners. Remove.

C. for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
Same as B.

D. for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
This one has the same problem as B and C. Because the subject is property values (plural) we can not use "it" to refer to the subject.

E. it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose
It can't refer to property values. Toss.
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Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink] New post 25 Dec 2014, 10:15
In Ron's words:
"who" and "whom" are used only for humans while "whose" can be use for anything. Not just place or things.


skamal7 wrote:
Hi umesh,
I hope u need to understand the following things:
1.Their- is used to represent plual things
2.Whose- is used to represent place o thing
3.It-Antecedent should be Singular

Now apply these things in the question you wil get the answer as in OA,

Hope tats clear

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While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2015, 02:09
umeshpatil wrote:
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity - in many cases representing a life's savings - can plunge or even disappear.

A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
C. for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
D. for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
E. it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose

Can you please the sentence construction of this question? I chose option (B), but couldn't understand why it is wrong. Which concept is being tested in this question?


I found the question very tough and took almost 2.5 mins, but thankfully got it right. Here's my way of elimination.

Since, I could not find an error in the original sentence and was not very sure about it, I started in the reverse order.

E - 'it' does not have an antecedent- hence wrong.
D - 'it' does not have an antecedent- hence wrong.
C - 'they' = depressed property values but 'their' does not have an antecedent. If you substitute homeowners or investors - both makes sense. Hence ambiguous and wrong
B - same as C. (fyi - 'in that' means 'how'. so I think the construction is correct in this case)
A - correct
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While depressed property values can hurt some large   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2015, 02:09
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