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doctors_malpractice

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doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2007, 15:40
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24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2007, 15:55
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IrinaOK wrote:
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face


b/w A and E.
choose E.
A is wrong because of 'had elected'.
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2007, 18:33
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IrinaOK wrote:
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face


Answer choice E would be best. Good use of ellipsis!
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2007, 18:47
beckee529 wrote:
IrinaOK wrote:
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face


Answer choice E would be best. Good use of ellipsis!


because of ellipsis, the TO before "face" can be eliminated?

Is it not supposed to be

have elected to retire early rather than ?TO? face

(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

Please explain

when is RATHER vs INSTEAD used?

Last edited by IrinaOK on 02 Sep 2007, 20:54, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2007, 19:49
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I eel that the answer should be E.
But why?
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 [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2007, 20:49
cruiser wrote:
I eel that the answer should be E.
But why?


it is because of the first part of the sentence

...recently....within last ... years
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2007, 20:55
IrinaOK wrote:
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face


because of ellipsis, the TO before "face" can be eliminated?

Is it not supposed to be

have elected to retire early rather than ?TO? face

(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

Please explain

when is RATHER vs INSTEAD used?
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 [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2007, 20:56
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E is the correct one.

To before face can be omitted here.

Wat's the OA?[/b]
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 [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2007, 23:07
s_positive wrote:
E is the correct one.

To before face can be omitted here.

Wat's the OA?[/b]


E it is
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2007, 00:34
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past perfect is wrong. A and B out.
instead vs rather -> latter preferred. C is out.
D lacks parallelism.

E is best.
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 26 Jan 2008, 15:49
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I initially eliminated E because I thought it was not parallel;

Isn't it suppose to be "have elected to retire early rather than to face"? How come the second "to" is omitted?
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 27 May 2008, 20:29
JuliaS wrote:
I initially eliminated E because I thought it was not parallel;

Isn't it suppose to be "have elected to retire early rather than to face"? How come the second "to" is omitted?


I totally agree with your reply buddy.
The same confusion made me choose "C"
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 27 May 2008, 22:33
i am also for C, can any of our expert pls confirm the answer? :-)
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 28 May 2008, 08:34
rahulgoyal1986 wrote:
JuliaS wrote:
I initially eliminated E because I thought it was not parallel;

Isn't it suppose to be "have elected to retire early rather than to face"? How come the second "to" is omitted?


I totally agree with your reply buddy.
The same confusion made me choose "C"


the second 'to' is implied and this implication is acceptable. Now why not C and why E?. we can weigh the two sentences obviously 'rather than' is more formal and more acceptable for GMAT people than 'instead of'!
So, E.
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 28 May 2008, 09:38
cheers mate!
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 28 May 2008, 11:25
IrinaOK wrote:
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face


A and B are out --> has found (present perfect)... not parallel with .. had elected(past perfect)
D out-->to reitre early .. facing the threats of are not parallel
C- "instead of" incorrect (for preferences-- rather than should be used)

rather than vs Instead of
------------------------
Rather than - shows preference.(This expression is generally used in parallel structures)
e.g. We want to invest in bonds rather than stocks.
Instead of-- suggests that one person,thing or action replaces another.
e.g. I'll have tea instead of coffee, please.
John was invited to party, but he was ill , so his brother went instead of him.

E describes better "retire early" parallel to "face the threats"
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2008, 04:52
Why do we not use the past perfect in this situation? Didn't the doctors elect early retirement before the studies were made?

I need a lesson on the past perfect tense. Could someone please explain clearly??
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2008, 09:48
The action continues into the past - therefore use present perfect (have elected) tense NOT Past Perfect.

Can someome tell me what ellipsis mean? I'm about to do a search to find out what this damn term means.
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Re: doctors_malpractice [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2008, 10:10
Would go with E

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
had is wrong, since it is many doctors

(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
had is wrong, since it is many doctors

(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
retiring is || to facing, but GMAT prefers 'to retire' to 'retiring'

(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
to retire is used, but facing is not parallel to 'to retire'

(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
uses...have, 'to retire' is parallel to 'face' (u dont have to use 'to', for each part of the sentence if they need to be parallel), and rather than is always better than instead of
Re: doctors_malpractice   [#permalink] 17 Jun 2008, 10:10
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