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A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors

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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2016, 04:33
warriorguy wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Celestial09 wrote:
Hi
An OG question, so it calls for an analysis, calling all experts please. Daagh chetan4u egmat magoosh veritas plz
Kindly explain what's wrong with C
Thanks

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"Instead of" can be used only for nouns; "rather than" can be used for nouns or verbs. Here "retiring" and "facing" are gerunds (i.e. nouns), and hence both "instead of" and "rather than" are acceptable.

The problem with C is the incorrect idiom elect + gerund (verb-ing) . The correct idiom is elect + infinitive (to -verb).



Can we mark E on the grounds that since phrase after "rather than" marks present tense so the verb should be in simple form?

Construction for Present Tense:

would rather <verb in simple form> than <verb in simple form>


I am not sure what you mean by simple form - do you mean simple present?
Please note that in option E, the parallelism is between two infinitives (not between two verbs in simple present tense): to retire and to face - it is alright to omit "to" in the second element. ...to retire rather than to face....
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2017, 21:58
if parallelism is the deciding factor, why not add a "to" after the "rather than", this can be true parallel
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2017, 01:14
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YangYichen wrote:
if parallelism is the deciding factor, why not add a "to" after the "rather than", this can be true parallel


We are not repeating to because we have a rule 'Once outside or Twice Inside".

So, both ways the sentence should be correct.
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New post 10 Mar 2017, 03:07
abhimahna wrote:
YangYichen wrote:
if parallelism is the deciding factor, why not add a "to" after the "rather than", this can be true parallel


We are not repeating to because we have a rule 'Once outside or Twice Inside".

So, both ways the sentence should be correct.

could you please elaborate on 'Once outside or Twice Inside" rule?
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New post 10 Mar 2017, 03:25
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YangYichen wrote:
could you please elaborate on 'Once outside or Twice Inside" rule?


Sure.

As per this rule, we can have either "to both X and Y" or "both to X and to Y".

Notice, in the first one I kept to outside once and this would be used for both X and Y while in the second one, I used to with both X and Y. Hence, in the letter part we have Twice Inside.

Here are the great questions that work on the same principle.

https://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-para ... ce-inside/
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2018, 07:46
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face - past perfect had elected is incorrect
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing - same as A
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing - instead of is used to show a preference
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing - to retire is not parallel to facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face - Correct

Answer E
If in option A, had elected is changed to have elected, then we have
(A)' have elected early retirement rather than face -- is there a parallelism error here?
why can't the parallel structures be - many doctors have elected early retirement
rather than face -- in this case have elected and face are both verbs and can't they be parallel?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja ,egmat , mikemcgarry , daagh , sayantanc2k - please help .
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2018, 23:31
Skywalker18 wrote:
Answer E
If in option A, had elected is changed to have elected, then we have
(A)' have elected early retirement rather than face -- is there a parallelism error here?
why can't the parallel structures be - many doctors have elected early retirement
rather than face -- in this case have elected and face are both verbs and can't they be parallel?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja ,egmat , mikemcgarry , daagh , sayantanc2k - please help .
Face is not a (full) verb. It's an infinitive. It's slightly hard to see that because the to in to face has been assumed away, leaving only face.

In other words, in the correct option, it is to retire and (to) face that are parallel.
have elected to retire early rather than face
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2018, 10:19
My bad, i thought "the facing" and "the raising" are in parallel so i chose E.
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2019, 08:48
A & B are out because the present prefect tense is broken. C is out because it is unidiomatic & D is out because of parallelism.

Option E is the correct ans!!
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2019, 05:12
why is past perfect "had" in option a incorrect?
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2019, 05:28
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Quote:
why is past perfect "had" in option a incorrect?


Here is A again:

A recent study has found
that
within the past few years, many doctors had elected
early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

Pay special attention to: within the past few years,
It suggests an action started in past and is continuing in present.

Past perfect tense is used to denote earlier of two actions.
Hope this helps. :)
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2019, 02:00
choice c is wrong because instead of is a preposition, but not a conjunction, which connect to similar entities.
this point is tested in og 2020 already. look at the GOOD dictionary for the use of instead of. normal dictionary do not explain instead of.
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors   [#permalink] 26 May 2019, 02:00

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