Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased

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Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2009, 09:57
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283. Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.
(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during
(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in
(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over
(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during
(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for

What will be the correct choice?

What is the difference btw A & B? How does has change its meaning?
If you have any questions
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05 Nov 2009, 10:59
B is correct
The verb needs to be present perfect (include have or has)
Later in the sentence you will see the tense used "have allowed"
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05 Nov 2009, 17:14
I will go with "E" . All other choices have modifier issues.
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30 Jan 2010, 04:55
283. Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.
(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during
(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in
(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over
(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during
(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for

I would go with E.....

All other options have 'its' which has no clear antecedent and can be avoided..... option E does this perfectly... Also is hardly is in sync (same verb form) with ensure...!
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20 Mar 2010, 05:57
Its clearly E

But the OA given in 1000 series is B
Can some one helpout
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21 Mar 2010, 12:29
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Hey All,

The answer here is absolutely B, not E. Seems like there was enough confusion about this one to merit a good long look. So let's do it!

283. Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.

There are a number of issues here, which are worth noting before we start. There are preposition issues ("during" versus "in" versus "over"), which generally signals an idiom issue (in this case with increase, and a specified time constraint).

There are also verb tense changes (increased is past, has increased is present perfect, etc.). We solve these by looking elsewhere in the sentence for context. We have the verb "have allowed", which is present perfect. I can't think of any good reason to CHANGE tenses elsewhere in the sentence, and if you can't come up with a reason to change tenses, don't.

(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during
PROBLEM: Using the preposition "during" is incorrect. We'd have to specify a particular two decades. Also, we shouldn't use the past tense here if we can help it.

(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in
CORRECT: Correct tense, and correct idiom "hardly increased in ten years".

(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over
PROBLEM: Again we have a tense change (the present participle form). Also, the "over" is unclear. Do we mean "over the course of ten years" or "over ten years"?

(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during
PROBLEM: "Being" always sucks, plus it's not the best tense. Also, we have the same "during" issue as in A.

(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for
PROBLEM: The present tense verb "is" is wrong, both because it doesn't match the present perfect verb later, and because it turns this intro phrase into gibberish. There can't presently be hardly any increase for ten years. If you want to express something that started ten years ago and continues into the present, the correct tense choice is present perfect.

Hope that helps!

-t
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21 Mar 2010, 12:31
Hey All,

One more thing. All of the answer choices A-D have modifier issues of a sort, so I don't love this question. But it doesn't change the fact that B is a far better answer than E. Whether or not this is realistic is arguable, but I try not to caught up in arguments like that. You'll need to be able to pick answer choices that break some vague rules occasionally (For example, a-d also have some pronoun weirdness here), so it's helpful to learn to pick the best of bad choices.

Good luck!

-t
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11 Jun 2010, 23:44
Thanks Tommy.

that was a very valuable input.

Regards
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24 Mar 2011, 19:31
Thanks tommy, I picked E...I can see how the tense issue flares up with that choice.
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Re: Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2015, 01:53
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2015, 01:53
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