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# Scientists have recently discovered what could be the

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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2003, 15:29
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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why is extending and spawned parallel participial phrases?
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16 Apr 2007, 08:25
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msingh wrote:
what is past participle in the above sentene. All the verbs that i see are in simple past tense.
The word "recently" does not mean that that it is an on going activity & continuing in the present.

i would go with choice B - extends.

OK. Let's substitute EXTENDS in the original sentence and see what happens -

I am just breaking the whole sentence into 'logical chunks'

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Scientists have recently discovered

what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth,

a giant fungus that is

an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles

spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago

and

extends for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

In other words in the phrase - an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles SPAWNED by blah blah AND EXTENDS for more than blah blah, the SPAWNED part is describing the interwoven filigree HENCE the connecting AND part must (in order to maintain parallelism) have another adjectival phrase to describe the same interwoven filigree - something which the extending participial provides.
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16 Apr 2007, 08:51
nitinneha wrote:
623. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

To maintain parallelism with the simple present tense (highlighted in the question), we need to pick B.

The sentence can be split thus:
Scientists have recetnly discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organizm on Earth, a giant fungus.
It is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago.
It extends for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

Anand
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16 Apr 2007, 08:55
dwivedys wrote:
OK. Let's substitute EXTENDS in the original sentence and see what happens -

I am just breaking the whole sentence into 'logical chunks'

Wow, nice explanation. I see where I went wrong.

Anand
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16 Apr 2007, 09:30
anandsebastin wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
OK. Let's substitute EXTENDS in the original sentence and see what happens -

I am just breaking the whole sentence into 'logical chunks'

Wow, nice explanation. I see where I went wrong.

Anand

Right... actually - this sentence misleads us into believing that the FUNGUS remains the subject even in the filigree phrase (qualified by spawned and extending which are describing FILIGREE and NOT the FUNGUS).
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16 Apr 2007, 09:58
OA is 'A'
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20 Apr 2007, 22:36
Good explanation by dwivedy..

Dwivedy is always hitting sixer....
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24 Apr 2007, 03:10

I have always had an issue with this type of question. What i have found in GMAt questions is that in most cases like the one here, the question talks about many properties of a single item. In the process they mix the verb tense thereby confusing the subject.

This Q is a classic example of that. The scientists discovered the Fungi, the next 2 are properties of the fungi. hence extends is correct and not extending

Balaji
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25 May 2007, 01:10
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

A. extending

B. extends

C. extended

D. it extended

E. is extending
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25 May 2007, 05:49
I think B as well:

a giant fungus that is ....and extends
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25 May 2007, 09:06
I bet my money on A

extending used as participle describing the giant fungus !!

what is the OA ?
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25 May 2007, 20:37
OA is A.
OE- The present participle extending parallels the past participle spawned.. This question is from OG 11(Q # 39).
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02 Jul 2007, 11:39
trivikram wrote:
Scientists recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a singles fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a michigan forest.

Both the texts pieces in RED are adjective clauses 'cos they are modifying the subject gaint fungus.

spawned is past paticiple and since it is still existing it should have a parallel fragment in present participle as extending.

is is not necessary before extending 'cos that is is understood.

A should be it

thanks. i never knew i could drop the is in a statement.
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29 Jul 2007, 20:02
19. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

thanks.
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Re: Brutal SC # 19 [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2007, 20:55
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empty_spaces wrote:
19. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

thanks.

The trick is to back track to 'that is' and ignore the first part, then consider what is after the and:

(A) that is extending
(B) that is extends
(C) that is extended
(D) that is it extended
(E) that is is extending

B, D, E are obviously wrong.

C doesn't sound right.... I'm not quite sure why. Anyone?

But A is correct.
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Re: Brutal SC # 19 [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2007, 21:09
empty_spaces wrote:
19. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

thanks.

This is an OG11 question.. The correct answer is A i.e extending. Since the fungus is till extending.. Though I am not convinced with the explanation.. I believe it should be 'B'.. Will see the explanation again in OG and try to convince myself meanwhile, it would be great if someone else can explain it ..
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29 Jul 2007, 21:46
i like the discussion .

why is B wrong was also my reason for posting this question .

though "Starupaddict's " trick sounds fantastic.
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29 Jul 2007, 21:56
empty_spaces wrote:
i like the discussion .

why is B wrong was also my reason for posting this question .

though "Starupaddict's " trick sounds fantastic.

For the same reason that someone else posted. extends doesnt go with that is.

Two things to notice here...

It is still going on
there is a "that is"

1 leads to A, B and E ( all present)

2 leads to A and C ( something that goes with that is)

So A.
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30 Jul 2007, 01:01
It's not B because of verb tense.

A rule is if it's a quote of speech (Sally said ...) it's past tense, if it's a direct quote ("I'm a dyke", said sally) then it's present tense. If it's an indisputable fact (The fire IS hot, not the fire WAS hot), it's present tense.

I did this grammar workbook, which I think is fantastic for grammar. It's called 'English Grammar Workbook for Dummies', by Geraldine Woods. It's meant for people doing the SAT and writing college entrance exams, but she covers everything you pretty much need to know. She doesn't do the subjunctive mood that well, but you can read up on it in other places. I just completed this book today, spent 3 days on it, and I know 100x what I knew before. In Canada they teach us NO GRAMMAR!!!!!! Argh. 0!!!!!! I didn't know what the hell the difference between a subject and object pronoun was (ie who/whom), I didn't know ANY verb tenses.. I just knew past/present/future... of course I know how to speak English But I don't know any formal rules.... I'm still learning, but this book is a great starting spot.
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Re: Brutal SC # 19 [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2007, 01:08
I'd place my bet on B. It uses the correct tense (simple present).
empty_spaces wrote:
19. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

thanks.
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Re: Brutal SC # 19 [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2007, 01:17
empty_spaces wrote:
19. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

thanks.

The trick is to back track to 'that is' and ignore the first part, then consider what is after the and:

(A) that is extending
(B) that is extends
(C) that is extended
(D) that is it extended
(E) that is is extending

B, D, E are obviously wrong.

C doesn't sound right.... I'm not quite sure why. Anyone?

But A is correct.

But why do we add 'is' here ..?? I know you are trying to parallelise but we can do that as below :

.....that is an intervowen .... and that extends ...
For extending, the sentence means that the fungi is still extending though we don't know for sure if it is so. In B, it means that the fungus presently extends and I guess this correctly conveys the meaning.. which is why I am so insistent on B..
Re: Brutal SC # 19   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2007, 01:17

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