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Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that

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Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2012, 20:31
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Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that student-teacher ratios in government-funded schoolsnot exceed a certain limit. All Vargonian children are entitled to education, free of charge, in these schools. When a recession occurs and average incomes fall, the number of children enrolled in government-funded schools tends to increase. Therefore, though most employment opportunities contract in economic recessions, getting a teaching job in Vargonia's government-funded schools will not be made more difficult by a recession.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

(A) Whether in Vargonia there are any schools not funded by the government that offer children an education free of charge

(B) Whether the number of qualified applicants for teaching positions in government-funded schools increases significantly during economic recessions

(C) What the current student-teacher ratio in Vargonia's government-funded schools is

(D) What proportion of Vargonia's workers currently hold jobs as teachers in government-funded schools

(E) Whether in the past a number of government funded schools in Vargonia have had student teacher ratios well in excess of the new limit
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2012, 13:21
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This is a tricky question. We want to make sure we do not lose track of the conclusion, which can basically be boiled down to: in a recession getting a teaching job at Vergonia's government-funded schools will not become difficult.

Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that student-teacher ratios in government-funded schoolsnot exceed a certain limit. All Vargonian children are entitled to education, free of charge, in these schools. When a recession occurs and average incomes fall, the number of children enrolled in government-funded schools tends to increase. Therefore, though most employment opportunities contract in economic recessions, getting a teaching job in Vargonia's government-funded schools will not be made more difficult by a recession.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

(A) Whether in Vargonia there are any schools not funded by the government that offer children an education free of charge

Schools that are not government-funded are irrelevant to the argument.

(B) Whether the number of qualified applicants for teaching positions in government-funded schools increases significantly during economic recessions

Here we have a reason that undermines the conclusion. If everybody is applying for a job at Vergonia's schools during a recession, getting a job there will not be easy. The assumption in the argument is that the increased demand for teachers will not be met with an increased supply of teachers. (B) exposes this assumption. Thus, in evaluating the argument, we need to know whether government-funded schools are inundated with a supply of teachers.

(C) What the current student-teacher ratio in Vargonia's government-funded schools is

This knowledge does not address the conclusion.

(D) What proportion of Vargonia's workers currently hold jobs as teachers in government-funded schools

Knowledge of the number of workers in Vargonia who currently work at government schools will not help us determine the validity of the conclusion. We need an answer choice that addresses the questions: Will it be easy to get a job at government-related schools in a recession.

(E) Whether in the past a number of government funded schools in Vargonia have had student teacher ratios well in excess of the new limit

Again, this answer choice does not help us address the conclusion.
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2012, 08:46
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Which of the following would be most important to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

Count me in on (B). Here's my train of thought:

Premise: Vargonia student-teacher ratio not exceed (mathematically = s/t; by this stage I'm beginning to open possibilities of mathematical critical reasoning)
Premise: All children entitled
Premise: Recession
Conclusion: Getting a teaching job not more difficult

Now, with this question type (evaluate), the point of attack is: "if this answer choice is true, would it weaken or strengthen the conclusion?"

That's why it'd be best to think about "evaluate" question types as "hybrid" strengthen/weaken type. Essentially, you're just determining if the given answer choice could weaken or strengthen the conclusion if that given answer is deemed true/false.

(A) Whether in Vargonia there are any schools not funded by the government that offer children an education free of charge - See, this is out of scope. Much more, if this is true, it wouldn't affect the conclusion of the argument. As a matter of fact, this goes beyond the scope of the argument.

(B) Whether the number of qualified applicants for teaching positions in government-funded schools increases significantly during economic recessions - See our plan of attack is best used here. If the number of qualified increases then this would strengthen the argument. Why? Because we will be able to maintain the student/teacher ratio. However, if the number decreases then the conclusion is weakened. :)

(C) What the current student-teacher ratio in Vargonia's government-funded schools is - Now, if you determine the student-teacher ratio, would it affect the conclusion of the argument? Of course not. Eliminate.

(D) What proportion of Vargonia's workers currently hold jobs as teachers in government-funded schools - Again, this doesn't affect the conclusion of the argument whether it be true or false. If I told you the proportion is 5 is to 1, would if affect the conclusion? Eliminate.

(E) Whether in the past a number of government funded schools in Vargonia have had student teacher ratios well in excess of the new limit - So? If the past ratio exceeded, would it strengthen or weaken the argument? Of course not. Eliminate.

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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 21 Jun 2012, 05:55
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Will go for B

whenever you see "evaluate the argument" - is a question where you mostly weaken the conclusion

conclusion: "getting a teaching job in Vargonia's government-funded schools will easy by a recession

(A) Whether in Vargonia there are any schools not funded by the government that offer children an education free of charge
--> OUt of scope

(B) Whether the number of qualified applicants for teaching positions in government-funded schools increases significantly during economic recessions
--> if teaching positions will increase, then there is possibility that that getting job will not be easy. This weaken the conclusion. Kepp it.

(C) What the current student-teacher ratio in Vargonia's government-funded schools is
--> OUt of scope

(D) What proportion of Vargonia's workers currently hold jobs as teachers in government-funded schools
--> OUt of scope

(E) Whether in the past a number of government funded schools in Vargonia have had student teacher ratios well in excess of the new limit
--> if the ratio exceed the new limit it doesnot necessarilty make getting the job difficult

Hope that helps
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2013, 04:26
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rohanGmat wrote:
I had a doubt about option (C)
I narrowed down to B/C - But C was kinda my prephrased answer so picked it anyway
My Reasoning For C
If the current student:teacher ratio is very low , for instance schools have 10 students and 50 teachers.. So in an economic recession, the school will not need to hire teachers - because the ratio will not increase above the limit
Would really appreciate if somene can guide how I should avoid such issues, i have encountered this multiple times ....


Hi Rohan,

Let me try to address your doubt.

In all argument questions, it is very important to understand the conclusion very thoroughly. Let's look at the conclusion here:

Therefore, though most employment opportunities contract in economic recessions, getting a teaching job in Vargonia's government-funded schools will not be made more difficult by a recession.

Pay attention to the key words here: "more" and "not difficult"

"More" implies we are making a comparison. Comparison of what? Comparison of two time periods - recession and normal periods.
"Not difficult" means that job opportunities per applicant will not decrease during the recession. It does not mean that it will rise during the recession. So, anything which suggests that opportunities will not rise during recession is not a weakener because the conclusion is not talking about increase in opportunities.

However, anything that suggests that opportunities will decrease during the recession is a valid weakener.

Now, let's look at option C:

(C) What the current student-teacher ratio in Vargonia's government-funded schools is?

As your rightly observed, if the teacher-student ratio is very low, then the schools may not need to hire during the recession. But does that weaken the conclusion? Does this mean that the job opportunities will decline during recession? The answer is No. If the ratio is low, then the schools don't have requirement both in the normal and the recessionary periods. So, there is no decline in opportunities during recession. In case of low ratio, it would only mean that opportunities may not rise during recession; however, that would not weaken the argument as we understood before.

Now, let's look at option B:

(B) Whether the number of qualified applicants for teaching positions in government-funded schools increases significantly during economic recessions

This option specifically creates a difference between normal and recession periods. It says that during recessions, the number of applicants for teaching positions increases significantly. So, even if new jobs are created because of additional students, it may not make the job easier to get since the number of applicants has also increased. So, even if the supply of jobs increases, it will not make job easier to get because the demand would also increase.

Does this help?

Thank you.
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2013, 09:42
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1 ratio;2 recession---》students up;3 ----》teachers up
teachers up----》 Finding job more easy
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 21 Jun 2012, 03:00
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Straight B. The conclusion says it would not be hard to find a teaching job in government-funded schools. Therefore, if we did know that there isn't an increase in government-school teaching jobs during recessions, that evidence would help us in validating the argument or otherwise.

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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2012, 22:52
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Okay, so I understand that B is the most correct answer, but my first answer (got it wrong because it is the last question on the test and i was rushed and panicking) was A.

And here is why, the conclusion states that although most employment opportunities contract in economic recessions, getting a teaching job in Vargonia's government-funded schools will not be made more difficult by a recession.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A says whether in Vargonia there are any schools not funded by the government that offer children an education free of charge.

I believe this also would be useful in examining (although not the best). The conclusion specifically states that getting a job at a government funded job will not be anymore difficult because of the teacher/student limit.

If there were private schools that offered an education free of charge, all the parents would simply enroll their students there instead... (In America, it is generally accepted that private schools are better than public schools, so i would expect us to have to assume this to be true in this case as well, since the GMAT is an American test)

Causing the enrollment at the Vargonia government-funded schools to drop... which would then make that Student to Teacher ratio cap void, and therefore just as difficult to get a job at a Vargonia gov-funded school.

Why is my logic wrong here?
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2012, 07:57
B is correct..
The soul of a CR question is its Conclusion. If You've found the conclusion your more than half job is done.
Here is the conclusion : Its Easy to find Job in Govt. funded schools during recession.
In evaluate question , you have to find a query whose answer can hit the the assumption and logic of the argument on its nose :evil:

Now we will just look at the answers to each query:
a) out of scope ; even if there are some schools that provide free education , we dont have enough premises to conclude any effect on our argument..
b)right on the money !!! if there is a significant increase of job applicants .. finding a job might not be so easy as it seems ..
c) :lol: are you serious ... please pray that GMAC starts providing approx 4 this kinda options with the right one .....
d) Its making our task more easy . .. lets say 50% hold a job .. so what ? absolutely nothing !!
e)past is past ... .even in past if this situation was there .. what i'm getting from that .. .nothing !! .. there are no premises in the question to justify any effect ...

Hope this helps ..
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 02:05
ChrisLele wrote:
This is a tricky question. We want to make sure we do not lose track of the conclusion, which can basically be boiled down to: in a recession getting a teaching job at Vergonia's government-funded schools will not become difficult.

Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that student-teacher ratios in government-funded schoolsnot exceed a certain limit. All Vargonian children are entitled to education, free of charge, in these schools. When a recession occurs and average incomes fall, the number of children enrolled in government-funded schools tends to increase. Therefore, though most employment opportunities contract in economic recessions, getting a teaching job in Vargonia's government-funded schools will not be made more difficult by a recession.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

(A) Whether in Vargonia there are any schools not funded by the government that offer children an education free of charge

Schools that are not government-funded are irrelevant to the argument.

(B) Whether the number of qualified applicants for teaching positions in government-funded schools increases significantly during economic recessions

Here we have a reason that undermines the conclusion. If everybody is applying for a job at Vergonia's schools during a recession, getting a job there will not be easy. The assumption in the argument is that the increased demand for teachers will not be met with an increased supply of teachers. (B) exposes this assumption. Thus, in evaluating the argument, we need to know whether government-funded schools are inundated with a supply of teachers.

(C) What the current student-teacher ratio in Vargonia's government-funded schools is

This knowledge does not address the conclusion.

(D) What proportion of Vargonia's workers currently hold jobs as teachers in government-funded schools

Knowledge of the number of workers in Vargonia who currently work at government schools will not help us determine the validity of the conclusion. We need an answer choice that addresses the questions: Will it be easy to get a job at government-related schools in a recession.

(E) Whether in the past a number of government funded schools in Vargonia have had student teacher ratios well in excess of the new limit

Again, this answer choice does not help us address the conclusion.


Thanks for your explanation..! makes much more sense.
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2012, 06:25
ChrisLele wrote:
This is a tricky question. We want to make sure we do not lose track of the conclusion, which can basically be boiled down to: in a recession getting a teaching job at Vergonia's government-funded schools will not become difficult.

Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that student-teacher ratios in government-funded schoolsnot exceed a certain limit. All Vargonian children are entitled to education, free of charge, in these schools. When a recession occurs and average incomes fall, the number of children enrolled in government-funded schools tends to increase. Therefore, though most employment opportunities contract in economic recessions, getting a teaching job in Vargonia's government-funded schools will not be made more difficult by a recession.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

(A) Whether in Vargonia there are any schools not funded by the government that offer children an education free of charge

Schools that are not government-funded are irrelevant to the argument.

(B) Whether the number of qualified applicants for teaching positions in government-funded schools increases significantly during economic recessions

Here we have a reason that undermines the conclusion. If everybody is applying for a job at Vergonia's schools during a recession, getting a job there will not be easy. The assumption in the argument is that the increased demand for teachers will not be met with an increased supply of teachers. (B) exposes this assumption. Thus, in evaluating the argument, we need to know whether government-funded schools are inundated with a supply of teachers.

(C) What the current student-teacher ratio in Vargonia's government-funded schools is

This knowledge does not address the conclusion.

(D) What proportion of Vargonia's workers currently hold jobs as teachers in government-funded schools

Knowledge of the number of workers in Vargonia who currently work at government schools will not help us determine the validity of the conclusion. We need an answer choice that addresses the questions: Will it be easy to get a job at government-related schools in a recession.

(E) Whether in the past a number of government funded schools in Vargonia have had student teacher ratios well in excess of the new limit

Again, this answer choice does not help us address the conclusion.


+1 B.

For now, we can safely ignore 'E' ,but If the teacher student ratio (instead of student teacher ratio) was given well excess of the new limit, I think this option would also have been the contender because if there are already more teachers in the government schools, even in economic recession they might not need to hire new teachers.



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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 31 Dec 2012, 12:08
Confused between A and B...will go with A as its imp to know if there are other schools that are non funded but provides free education..
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2013, 10:43
I will go mathematically to given premises, Given S/T = K (need to be const as per the law of Vargonia) i.e ratio of students and teachers . but during recession the no. of students enrolled increase so ratio will be (S+x)/T > K ( where x is no of increased students ). As numerator is increased so the ratio will greater than the previous ratio K.To maintain the ratio , the no of teachers need, to be increased

ie option B :P
Whether the number of qualified applicants for teaching positions in government-funded schools increases significantly during economic recessions
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2013, 14:29
I had a doubt about option (C)
I narrowed down to B/C - But C was kinda my prephrased answer so picked it anyway
My Reasoning For C
If the current student:teacher ratio is very low , for instance schools have 10 students and 50 teachers.. So in an economic recession, the school will not need to hire teachers - because the ratio will not increase above the limit
Would really appreciate if somene can guide how I should avoid such issues, i have encountered this multiple times ....
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 16 Mar 2014, 22:31
rohanGmat wrote:
I had a doubt about option (C)
I narrowed down to B/C - But C was kinda my prephrased answer so picked it anyway
My Reasoning For C
If the current student:teacher ratio is very low , for instance schools have 10 students and 50 teachers.. So in an economic recession, the school will not need to hire teachers - because the ratio will not increase above the limit
Would really appreciate if somene can guide how I should avoid such issues, i have encountered this multiple times ....


What i Think abt C.. its out of scope..

we r concern with only recession time..
what is the current ratio , it wont affect the argument..

A & B are the contender..
anon1 wrote:
Okay, so I understand that B is the most correct answer, but my first answer (got it wrong because it is the last question on the test and i was rushed and panicking) was A.


And here is why, the conclusion states that although most employment opportunities contract in economic recessions, getting a teaching job in Vargonia's government-funded schools will not be made more difficult by a recession.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A says whether in Vargonia there are any schools not funded by the government that offer children an education free of charge.

I believe this also would be useful in examining (although not the best). The conclusion specifically states that getting a job at a government funded job will not be anymore difficult because of the teacher/student limit.

If there were private schools that offered an education free of charge, all the parents would simply enroll their students there instead... (In America, it is generally accepted that private schools are better than public schools, so i would expect us to have to assume this to be true in this case as well, since the GMAT is an American test)

Causing the enrollment at the Vargonia government-funded schools to drop... which would then make that Student to Teacher ratio cap void, and therefore just as difficult to get a job at a Vargonia gov-funded school.

Why is my logic wrong here?


some how agree with u..this is the reason what i was thinking while making A as a contender..
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2014, 07:21
Anon1 and sanjoo,

The argument talks only about government funded schools, so private schools are out of scope of the argument.

Even if private schools are factored in, there is nothing about them that "changes" during a recession (unless you assume something else). To evaluate an argument about a change that occurs during a time period, you should look for options that provide information or new facts that hint at a change of some kind.

Hope this helps...
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2014, 13:29
ChrisLele wrote:
This is a tricky question. We want to make sure we do not lose track of the conclusion, which can basically be boiled down to: in a recession getting a teaching job at Vergonia's government-funded schools will not become difficult.

Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that student-teacher ratios in government-funded schoolsnot exceed a certain limit. All Vargonian children are entitled to education, free of charge, in these schools. When a recession occurs and average incomes fall, the number of children enrolled in government-funded schools tends to increase. Therefore, though most employment opportunities contract in economic recessions, getting a teaching job in Vargonia's government-funded schools will not be made more difficult by a recession.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

(A) Whether in Vargonia there are any schools not funded by the government that offer children an education free of charge

Schools that are not government-funded are irrelevant to the argument.

(B) Whether the number of qualified applicants for teaching positions in government-funded schools increases significantly during economic recessions

Here we have a reason that undermines the conclusion. If everybody is applying for a job at Vergonia's schools during a recession, getting a job there will not be easy. The assumption in the argument is that the increased demand for teachers will not be met with an increased supply of teachers. (B) exposes this assumption. Thus, in evaluating the argument, we need to know whether government-funded schools are inundated with a supply of teachers.

(C) What the current student-teacher ratio in Vargonia's government-funded schools is

This knowledge does not address the conclusion.

(D) What proportion of Vargonia's workers currently hold jobs as teachers in government-funded schools

Knowledge of the number of workers in Vargonia who currently work at government schools will not help us determine the validity of the conclusion. We need an answer choice that addresses the questions: Will it be easy to get a job at government-related schools in a recession.

(E) Whether in the past a number of government funded schools in Vargonia have had student teacher ratios well in excess of the new limit

Again, this answer choice does not help us address the conclusion.



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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2014, 05:04
rohanGmat wrote:
I had a doubt about option (C)
I narrowed down to B/C - But C was kinda my prephrased answer so picked it anyway
My Reasoning For C
If the current student:teacher ratio is very low , for instance schools have 10 students and 50 teachers.. So in an economic recession, the school will not need to hire teachers - because the ratio will not increase above the limit
Would really appreciate if somene can guide how I should avoid such issues, i have encountered this multiple times ....



I went with C too but a close look and you get how misleading the ratio premise is in the question.For the ratio answer to hold true we need to know the following:
1. Current ratio
2. Limit Ratio
3. Actual number of student increase.

Generic statements will not help us determine the effect of teacher student ratio on the conclusion. Although I would be surprised if such kind of information was given in a CR question :shock:
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Re: Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2014, 05:04
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