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At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
29 Mar 2014, 03:58

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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (03:11) correct
38% (01:44) wrong based on 178 sessions

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 2/3 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 3/4 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
29 Mar 2014, 08:40

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

Mountain14 wrote:

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 23 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 34 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?[/color]

A. 8/17 B. 1/2 C. 8/9 D. 9/8 E. 17/8

PLEASE CHECK QUESTIONS WHEN POSTING. THANK YOU.

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 2/3 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 3/4 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?

A. 8/17 B. 1/2 C. 8/9 D. 9/8 E. 17/8

Pick some smart numbers:

Let the first shift have 3 employee and each produce 3 widgets, so the total number of widgets produced by the first shift is 3*3=9;

Then the second shift would have 4 employees and each second shift employee would produce 3*2/3=2 widgets, so the total number of widgets produced by the second shift employees would be 4*2=8;

The ratio of the second shift production to the total is 8/(9+8)=8/17.

Answer: A.

This question is almost exact copy of the following OG question:

Quote:

At a loading dock, each worker on the night crew loaded 3/4 as many boxes as each worker on the day crew. If the night crew has 4/5 as many workers as the day crew, what fraction of all the boxes loaded by the two crews did the day crew load?

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
31 Mar 2014, 03:03

Bunuel wrote:

Mountain14 wrote:

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 23 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 34 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?[/color]

A. 8/17 B. 1/2 C. 8/9 D. 9/8 E. 17/8

PLEASE CHECK QUESTIONS WHEN POSTING. THANK YOU.

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 2/3 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 3/4 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?

A. 8/17 B. 1/2 C. 8/9 D. 9/8 E. 17/8

Pick some smart numbers:

Let the first shift have 3 employee and each produce 3 widgets, so the total number of widgets produced by the first shift is 3*3=9;

Then the second shift would have 4 employees and each second shift employee would produce 3*2/3=2 widgets, so the total number of widgets produced by the second shift employees would be 4*2=8;

The ratio of the second shift production to the total is 8/(9+8)=8/17.

Answer: A.

This question is almost exact copy of the following OG question:

Quote:

At a loading dock, each worker on the night crew loaded 3/4 as many boxes as each worker on the day crew. If the night crew has 4/5 as many workers as the day crew, what fraction of all the boxes loaded by the two crews did the day crew load?

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
31 Mar 2014, 04:02

seabhi wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

Mountain14 wrote:

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 23 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 34 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?[/color]

A. 8/17 B. 1/2 C. 8/9 D. 9/8 E. 17/8

PLEASE CHECK QUESTIONS WHEN POSTING. THANK YOU.

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 2/3 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 3/4 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?

A. 8/17 B. 1/2 C. 8/9 D. 9/8 E. 17/8

Pick some smart numbers:

Let the first shift have 3 employee and each produce 3 widgets, so the total number of widgets produced by the first shift is 3*3=9;

Then the second shift would have 4 employees and each second shift employee would produce 3*2/3=2 widgets, so the total number of widgets produced by the second shift employees would be 4*2=8;

The ratio of the second shift production to the total is 8/(9+8)=8/17.

Answer: A.

This question is almost exact copy of the following OG question:

Quote:

At a loading dock, each worker on the night crew loaded 3/4 as many boxes as each worker on the day crew. If the night crew has 4/5 as many workers as the day crew, what fraction of all the boxes loaded by the two crews did the day crew load?

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
31 Mar 2014, 21:39

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

seabhi wrote:

Picking smart numbers

let the total number of employees be 12.

1st shift has 3/4 of the total hence 3/4*12 = 9 2nd shift has 3.

2nd shift emp gadgets = 3* (2/3 as they produce 2/3 as many gadgets as 1st shift) = 2 1st shift emp gadgets = 9*1 = 9

total fraction for 2nd shift = 2/11.

Your understanding of the question is not quite correct.

"each employee working the second shift produced 2/3 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift" This does not mean that employees of second shift produced 2/3 of the total widgets produced. It means that each employee of second shift produced 2/3 of the widgets produced by each employee of the first shift. If each first shift employee produced 3 widgets, each second shift employee produced 2 widgets (2/3rd of 3).

"If the first shift has 3/4 as many employees" This does not mean that the first shift has 3/4 the total number of employees. It means that the first shift has 3/4 of the number of employees in the second shift. i.e. if the second shift has 4 employees, the first shift has only 3 (which is 3/4th of 4)

Assuming these numbers, first shift has 3 employees producing 3 widgets each i.e. total 9 widgets. Second shift has 4 employees producing 2 widgets each i.e. total 8 widgets.

Fraction of total widgets produced by the second shift = 8/(9+8) = 8/17 _________________

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
23 Apr 2014, 07:03

My Approach:

Let the number of employees work in the second shift be "x" and the number of widgets produced in 1st shift be w. Now first shift workers produced -> 3x/4 * w widgets = 3xw/4 Second shift workers produced -> x * 2w/3 widgets = 2xw/3 widgets Total widgets produced = 3xw/4 + 2xw/3 = 17xw/12. Now the second shift workers produced 2xw/3 * 12/17xw fraction of total 17xw/12 widgets. This comes to 8/17.

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
23 Apr 2014, 23:22

.................. First Shift.................... Second Shift Widgets.........\frac{2w}{3} .......................... w Employees...... x ................................ \frac{3x}{4} Total.............. \frac{2wx}{3} ......................... \frac{3wx}{4}

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
06 Jun 2014, 01:16

Hi! The wording of this question confused me and it resulted in the wrong answer. "If the first shift has 3/4 as many employees" I took as if it referred to the overall number of employees. So, if the number of employees is 4, than there are 3 employees working the first shift and 1 employee working the second.

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
22 Jun 2014, 16:57

Bunuel wrote:

Mountain14 wrote:

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 23 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 34 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?[/color]

A. 8/17 B. 1/2 C. 8/9 D. 9/8 E. 17/8

PLEASE CHECK QUESTIONS WHEN POSTING. THANK YOU.

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 2/3 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 3/4 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?

A. 8/17 B. 1/2 C. 8/9 D. 9/8 E. 17/8

Pick some smart numbers:

Let the first shift have 3 employee and each produce 3 widgets, so the total number of widgets produced by the first shift is 3*3=9;

Then the second shift would have 4 employees and each second shift employee would produce 3*2/3=2 widgets, so the total number of widgets produced by the second shift employees would be 4*2=8;

The ratio of the second shift production to the total is 8/(9+8)=8/17.

Answer: A.

This question is almost exact copy of the following OG question:

Quote:

At a loading dock, each worker on the night crew loaded 3/4 as many boxes as each worker on the day crew. If the night crew has 4/5 as many workers as the day crew, what fraction of all the boxes loaded by the two crews did the day crew load?

The OG questions specifically states 'If the night crew has 4/5 as many workers as the day crew' whereas this verities prep questions says 'If the first shift has 3/4 as many employees' makes it confusing. 3/4 as many as TOTAL EMPLOYEES or SECOND SHIFT EMPLOYEES?

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift [#permalink]
12 Jul 2014, 09:05

Mountain14 wrote:

At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift produced 2/3 as many widgets as each employee working the first shift. If the first shift has 3/4 as many employees, what fraction of the total widgets did the second shift produce?

A. 8/17 B. 1/2 C. 8/9 D. 9/8 E. 17/8

Not sure if this is shortest way to solve this question but it worked for me within 45 seconds:

1st shift emp = x widgets, 2nd shift em = 2/3*x widgets 2nd shift= n emp's, 1st shift = 3/4*n emp's

total widgets (1st shift) = 3/4*n*x, total widgets (2nd shift) - 2/3*n*x

Total widget (both shifts) = (3/4+2/3)*n*x=17/12*n*x

total widgets (2nd shift) = (2/3*n*x)/(17/12*n*x) = 8/17

gmatclubot

Re: At a certain factory, each employee working the second shift
[#permalink]
12 Jul 2014, 09:05