Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic

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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2007, 19:36
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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.
A) has generally followed industrial development
B) generally followed industrial development
C) had generally followed industrial development
D) generally follows industrial development
E) followed general industrial development
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 28 Jun 2013, 04:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC - China [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2007, 19:42
iamba wrote:
Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.
A) has generally followed industrial development
B) generally followed industrial development
C) had generally followed industrial development
D) generally follows industrial development
E) followed general industrial development

'has' is present perfect that is used for action continuing until now.

C - past perfect - not required here
D - presentence - wrong
E - changing word order changes the meaning

A, B - left

as we are in 21st century - i am going with B. I dont know if that action is still continuing until now.
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04 Jul 2007, 20:34
I will pick A as I think that the action is continuing.

Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.
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05 Jul 2007, 03:49
i will pick A. has generally followed seems to be correct . The action is still continuing .
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05 Jul 2007, 08:32
I think author is stating the second part as a matter of fact like
Sun sets in the west.

It has to be present-simple.

I like D.
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05 Jul 2007, 10:03
I'll go with B.

It doesn't matter if the growth is still continuing. The growth started after the industrial development in the past.
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05 Jul 2007, 10:12
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asaf wrote:
I think author is stating the second part as a matter of fact like
Sun sets in the west.

It has to be present-simple.

I like D.

D would be okay if there was no ' in the 20th century' at the end of the century .

This is a tricky one but A seems the correct one for me.
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05 Jul 2007, 11:40
Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.
A) has generally followed industrial development
B) generally followed industrial development
C) had generally followed industrial development
D) generally follows industrial development
E) followed general industrial development

It comes down to A and D. C is out b/c of had .... E tense and followed generally incorrect B as means still going on...

Now D is it generally followed.. meaning present but not ongoing .. so it is eliminated therefore answer is A...
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05 Jul 2007, 16:36
bw A and B , i will go with [b]B[/b] . The trend was followed in 20th century and on the basis if that the prediction is made.

So though the trend still contnues doesnt matter.

~sara
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05 Jul 2007, 18:37
We need present perfect tense in this case as the verb 'followed' is still the case presently.
A for me.
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10 Jul 2007, 19:48
OA is B

OE is given below

The non-underlined portion of the sentence utilizes the present perfect tense “have . . . predicted” to indicate that the analysts have and continue to predict the development of democratic institutions in China. In the original sentence, the present perfect tense is also utilized in “has . . . followed” to describe the pattern of democracy following industrial development. However, the sentence clearly refers to the past with the phrase “throughout the 20th century,” making the use of the present perfect tense incorrect, as the activity cannot be continuing if it occurred in the past and ended at the end of the 20th century.
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10 Jul 2007, 19:56
iamba wrote:
OA is B

OE is given below

The non-underlined portion of the sentence utilizes the present perfect tense “have . . . predicted” to indicate that the analysts have and continue to predict the development of democratic institutions in China. In the original sentence, the present perfect tense is also utilized in “has . . . followed” to describe the pattern of democracy following industrial development. However, the sentence clearly refers to the past with the phrase “throughout the 20th century,” making the use of the present perfect tense incorrect, as the activity cannot be continuing if it occurred in the past and ended at the end of the 20th century.

...

so what it's the past? Is it continuing? I say yes.
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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2013, 03:13
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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.

A)has generally followed industrial development
B)generally followed industrial development
C)had generally followed industrial development
D)generally follows industrial development
E)followed general industrial development

Last edited by Zarrolou on 28 Jun 2013, 04:04, edited 2 times in total.
Merging similar topics.
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28 Jun 2013, 03:27
Why not A and D?

A - Since it has been a trend, using "Has generally followed" seems good
D - talking about something that happens in general, can't we say "generally follows Industrial development"?
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28 Jun 2013, 03:42
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Aniketa wrote:
Why not A and D?

A - Since it has been a trend, using "Has generally followed" seems good
D - talking about something that happens in general, can't we say "generally follows Industrial development"?

Hi Aniketa,

The reason for eliminating A is that we are referring to an event in the past past with the phrase “throughout the 20th century,” making the use of the present perfect tense incorrect.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2014, 05:15
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2016, 10:23
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2016, 02:12
iamba wrote:
Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.
A) has generally followed industrial development
B) generally followed industrial development
C) had generally followed industrial development
D) generally follows industrial development
E) followed general industrial development

Responding to a pm:

Quote:
My question is, how do I know if the action is still continuing? Also how do I eliminate the possibility that we are not dealing with a statement made in the 20th century? I'm asking this because, a few folks on the foum did argue that this is 21st century, but the question talks about 20th century, so it should be in the past. But, how do we know that the sentence was not spoken in the 20th century? Could you please guide me with the logic here?

The use of "throughout the 20th century" shows that we need to use simple past. We are talking about some time span in the past. It is the 21st century now and even if we did not know this, the use of "throughout" shows that the 20th century is over now. So we are talking about the 20th century now when 20th century is over. Analysts have "recently" predicted this. They did not predict this is the 20th century.
Hence option (B) is correct.
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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2016, 02:12
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