In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking

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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2012, 02:47
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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.
C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.
D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.
E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by walker on 28 May 2013, 07:53, edited 1 time in total.
Edited OA
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Re: GWd #15 V 38 [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2012, 03:06
The OA of this question has been very controversial, C vs E.
I initially picked C, but after reading the question again and looking at other people's opinions, I changed my mind into E.

My understanding is like this. feel free to point out flaws.

Q: What misleads the voters to think that the petition is extended from the local ordinances?

C doesn't have anything that could mislead the voters. It is just a prediction that the state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances.

On the other hands,
at the end of the passage, the author says that the petitions advocates a saes law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.
And E says that the state law doesn't change the non-smoking places determined by the local ordinances.
Combining those two above, the state law bans smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices while the state law doesn't change non-smoking places determined by the local ordiances.
This might make the voters to think that the petition is extended from the local ordinances.


I am not sure if I explained clearly. It's so hard to explain sth complicated in English, which is not my first language.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2012, 11:02
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Please stay away from resources floating around the internet .

The OA to the above given question is C .

It's from the GMAT prep.

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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2014, 18:21
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2014, 07:25
eybrj2 wrote:
In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.
C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.
D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.
E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.


What circumstances would misled readers assuming that the petition if approved would make the whole city anti-smoking zone (or extend the purview of the anti-smoking law). "C" highlights the the voters' concern saying that the new law would supersede the existing one, leading to stronger bans.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2014, 14:32
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eybrj2 wrote:
In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.
C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.
D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.
E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.


C. If local antismoking ordinances currently contains stronger bans than the state law does, signing for the petition will actually make the local banning smoking weaker, because local law is replaced by state law. Voters who sign for the petition will want to have stronger local banning smoking ordinances. So C, if exists, actually mislead the voters.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2014, 01:24
This is a very good GMAT Prep question. Can experts please break the problem and explain the reasoning behind the question and procedure to find the correct answer?
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2015, 02:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2016, 11:58
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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Purpose of the petition : is to make smoking illegal in public offices.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
Out of scope as we are not discussing insurance premiums

B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.
This petition still serves its purpose

C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.
This option makes the petition meaning less - Correct

D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.
This makes the petition relevant

E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.
This statement talks about a subset of the application of the petition. This is the next best answer.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2017, 03:48
my understanding of the stimulus is not very clear.
Does the petition genuinely support statewide smoking restriction?Are the workers describing it accurately?
If yes how the voters can be misled?
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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2017, 07:01
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rulez161 wrote:
my understanding of the stimulus is not very clear.
Does the petition genuinely support statewide smoking restriction?Are the workers describing it accurately?
If yes how the voters can be misled?


Does the petition genuinely support statewide smoking restriction?
The petition is for restricting smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Are the workers describing it accurately?
The workers ask ONLY the following question: “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” It is not clarified what is meant by "statewide smoking restriction", i.e, the scope of restricted places (retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public) is not clear in the campaign.

Therefore if the existing local laws are more stringent (i.e. smoking is banned in more places, in addition to retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public), then implementation of the state law would be misleading because it would supersede the local laws, thereby making the smoking norms more lenient.
In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2017, 07:01
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