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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A

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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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A
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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

(A) Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for everyone and so affect nonsmokers.

(B) In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.

(C) The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.

(D) There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.

(E) The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.

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Originally posted by gregspirited on 21 Dec 2007, 09:08.
Last edited by hazelnut on 23 Oct 2017, 07:13, edited 2 times in total.
Formatted the question.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2007, 09:56
I am going for B.

A. health cost is irrelevant
C. the statement did not mention the state law supercede local antismoking ordinances
D. sentiment among voters is irrelevant
E. fire hazard is irrelevant

If B were true, then it is misleading. Rural population who sign the petition won't be representative and won't have the valid opinion on it.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2007, 08:58
OA is E. Couldn;t understand why
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2007, 19:55
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gregspirited wrote:
OA is E. Couldn;t understand why


As usual, after seeing the OA :oops: and falling back to each and every word in the argument. 'E' looks good.

P1 = In state, cities & towns have their own ordinances

P2 = New petion: name 'Statewide...' with question '...sign for statewide campaign'

P3 = Petition: ban smoking in retail & govern offices open to public.

EC = Petition is misleading to voters on what circumstances, as they understand it is as an local ordinance being extended to statewide

Possible solution: Look out for an option that brings out a local ordinance in place and bring out an element of uncertainity - what will happen to this local ordinance when the new statewide petition/ban is enforced.
Whether the new statewide will go hand in hand with the local or will it supersede it and phase it out.

:( :( :( Looks like I am lagging way behing in CR techiniques..need to catch up...
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Oct 2010, 06:01
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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled
“Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign
workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking
restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail
establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading
to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for
everyone and so affect nonsmokers.

B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and
government offices that are open to the public.

C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain
stronger bans than the state law does.

D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for
restriction of smoking.

E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in
places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a
fire hazard.
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Originally posted by dkverma on 20 Oct 2010, 04:40.
Last edited by dkverma on 20 Oct 2010, 06:01, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2010, 07:33
I don't get this question, and I definitely don't understand how E can be the answer. Is there an OE for this? I said B, which is the only one that makes a little sense to me. The petition is misleading to the people signing it because it bans smoking in retail establishments and government offices, but the people signing it don't have those things in their local areas. So they're signing something completely different than they think.

E seems totally irrelevant and out of scope.

dkverma wrote:
In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled
“Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign
workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking
restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail
establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading
to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for
everyone and so affect nonsmokers.

B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and
government offices that are open to the public.

C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain
stronger bans than the state law does.

D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for
restriction of smoking.

E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in
places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a
fire hazard.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2010, 10:01
1
Its between C and E.....

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for
everyone and so affect nonsmokers - this strengthens the smoking ban.

B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and
government offices that are open to the public - even if there are only few retail establishments does not affect the ban

C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain
stronger bans than the state law does - yes, what if the new law has restrictions which can affects non-smokers. this could be a problem which will make a voter think twice.

D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for
restriction of smoking - again strengthens the ban.

E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in
places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a
fire hazard - I don't know how to explain this. This also seems to be an answer, which I can't understand.

So, if E is the OA...please could an expert explain OR is there an OE???
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Jun 2017, 06:58
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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

(A) Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for everyone and so affect nonsmokers.

(B) In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.

(C) The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.

(D) There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.

(E) The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.

Question Code : VCR000806

Originally posted by eybrj2 on 05 May 2012, 03:47.
Last edited by hazelnut on 22 Jun 2017, 06:58, edited 2 times in total.
Edited OA
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2012, 04:06
The OA of this question has been very controversial, C vs E.
I initially picked C, but after reading the question again and looking at other people's opinions, I changed my mind into E.

My understanding is like this. feel free to point out flaws.

Q: What misleads the voters to think that the petition is extended from the local ordinances?

C doesn't have anything that could mislead the voters. It is just a prediction that the state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances.

On the other hands,
at the end of the passage, the author says that the petitions advocates a saes law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.
And E says that the state law doesn't change the non-smoking places determined by the local ordinances.
Combining those two above, the state law bans smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices while the state law doesn't change non-smoking places determined by the local ordiances.
This might make the voters to think that the petition is extended from the local ordinances.


I am not sure if I explained clearly. It's so hard to explain sth complicated in English, which is not my first language.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2012, 12:02
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Please stay away from resources floating around the internet .

The OA to the above given question is C .

It's from the GMAT prep.

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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2014, 04:57
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1
Beyond700 wrote:
gregspirited wrote:
OA is E. Couldn;t understand why


As usual, after seeing the OA :oops: and falling back to each and every word in the argument. 'E' looks good.

P1 = In state, cities & towns have their own ordinances

P2 = New petion: name 'Statewide...' with question '...sign for statewide campaign'

P3 = Petition: ban smoking in retail & govern offices open to public.

EC = Petition is misleading to voters on what circumstances, as they understand it is as an local ordinance being extended to statewide

Possible solution: Look out for an option that brings out a local ordinance in place and bring out an element of uncertainity - what will happen to this local ordinance when the new statewide petition/ban is enforced.
Whether the new statewide will go hand in hand with the local or will it supersede it and phase it out.

:( :( :( Looks like I am lagging way behing in CR techiniques..need to catch up...
OA is C for this question.
There is a mention somewhere that answer provided at source is faulty. The answer is C all the way in all other forums.
http://www.beatthegmat.com/pls-come-ins ... 91847.html
http://www.crackverbal.com/forum/thread ... moking/395
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/a-c ... 19395.html
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2014, 08:25
eybrj2 wrote:
In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.
C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.
D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.
E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.


What circumstances would misled readers assuming that the petition if approved would make the whole city anti-smoking zone (or extend the purview of the anti-smoking law). "C" highlights the the voters' concern saying that the new law would supersede the existing one, leading to stronger bans.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2014, 15:32
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eybrj2 wrote:
In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.
C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.
D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.
E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.


C. If local antismoking ordinances currently contains stronger bans than the state law does, signing for the petition will actually make the local banning smoking weaker, because local law is replaced by state law. Voters who sign for the petition will want to have stronger local banning smoking ordinances. So C, if exists, actually mislead the voters.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2014, 02:24
This is a very good GMAT Prep question. Can experts please break the problem and explain the reasoning behind the question and procedure to find the correct answer?
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2015, 23:37
In one state, all cities and most towns have anti-smoking ordinances.
A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?”
The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?
B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.
C. The state law would supersede the local anti-smoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.

What would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide ?

Think it like this. I am a voter and have been asked if i would like to increase/improve the law n order situation across state. I say yes. What do i expect?
I expect it to improve, not go down.
Lets look at options:
B Vs C:
Lets think that B is true.
If that is the case then though rural places that would come under the proposed law would be less compared to urban, there would be an overall increase in the area covered under the new law.
So in a way there is increase in so to me this doesn't mislead.
However C means that what i m voting for is not strong enough and that by replacing existing ordinance would compromise the current standard.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2016, 12:58
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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Purpose of the petition : is to make smoking illegal in public offices.

Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
Out of scope as we are not discussing insurance premiums

B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public.
This petition still serves its purpose

C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.
This option makes the petition meaning less - Correct

D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.
This makes the petition relevant

E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.
This statement talks about a subset of the application of the petition. This is the next best answer.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2017, 04:48
my understanding of the stimulus is not very clear.
Does the petition genuinely support statewide smoking restriction?Are the workers describing it accurately?
If yes how the voters can be misled?
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2017, 08:01
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rulez161 wrote:
my understanding of the stimulus is not very clear.
Does the petition genuinely support statewide smoking restriction?Are the workers describing it accurately?
If yes how the voters can be misled?


Does the petition genuinely support statewide smoking restriction?
The petition is for restricting smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Are the workers describing it accurately?
The workers ask ONLY the following question: “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking restriction?” It is not clarified what is meant by "statewide smoking restriction", i.e, the scope of restricted places (retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public) is not clear in the campaign.

Therefore if the existing local laws are more stringent (i.e. smoking is banned in more places, in addition to retail establishments and government offices that are open to the public), then implementation of the state law would be misleading because it would supersede the local laws, thereby making the smoking norms more lenient.
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2017, 19:24
such questions should be treated as special-type questions. In other words, the correct answer must answer what is being asked by the question.
Here, test takers have to use logic senses, common senses, and gmat skills (especially, identify question type).
The question seems to be a mixing question: logic, application, weaken, and assumption. (weaken and assumption can be combined into assumption)
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2017, 01:25
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2017, 01:25

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