People with serious financial problems are so worried about : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# People with serious financial problems are so worried about

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Senior Manager
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25 Mar 2008, 07:51
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People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 17 Jul 2013, 20:24, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2008, 08:27
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(E), although my initial thought was (B)

(B) sounds right because it's somewhat stated in the conclusion of the argument. But the word "will" is too extreme because the argument uses the word "can".

(E) sounds right because of the inference rule that A->B, then !B->!A.
So serious financial problems -> not happy, then
happy -> no serious financial problems
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27 Mar 2008, 07:08
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I think it's E.

(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.

B may not be right because their family and friends might have serious financial problems that cause them to be unhappy as well.
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25 Mar 2008, 07:53
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Vavali wrote:
People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.

IMO B
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2008, 20:02
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zhenmaster wrote:
(E), although my initial thought was (B)

(B) sounds right because it's somewhat stated in the conclusion of the argument. But the word "will" is too extreme because the argument uses the word "can".

(E) sounds right because of the inference rule that A->B, then !B->!A.
So serious financial problems -> not happy, then
happy -> no serious financial problems

That's right
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2008, 03:01
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People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy. --> Best Answer
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.

i will go with : B
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2008, 18:14
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I said E.

Inferred --> Means we should hit the premises.....Premise..People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy.

People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy. --> Best Answer
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems. We can infer that people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems....If they did have serious financial problems, they could not be happy.
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2008, 07:22
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I'll go with E..

Agree with zhenmaster

What does the OA say ?
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27 Mar 2008, 08:44
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E for me too.
OA?
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2008, 18:28
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Nice logic on E. But I still like B. OA?
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27 Mar 2008, 18:38
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I would go for 'E'.
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17 Jul 2013, 22:15
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Gian wrote:
@Zarrolou

I may be the saying the same thing, but want to check whether my approach is fine.

"Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy." ==> Necessary condition

implies that for a person to be happy, he must not have any serious financial difficulties.

So (E) => If a person is happy, then he must have crossed the necessary condition i.e. he does not face any serious financial problems.

"People with serious financial problems cannot be happy." ==> One of the factors to be unhappy

(D) => if people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems => one of the factors so they may have/not have financial problems => CAN'T INFER

Perfect.
Because we do not not if SFP is the ONLY cause of unhappiness, D is incorrect (there could be other factors).
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2008, 16:42
People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy. --> Best Answer
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2008, 01:33
zhenmaster wrote:
(E), although my initial thought was (B)

(B) sounds right because it's somewhat stated in the conclusion of the argument. But the word "will" is too extreme because the argument uses the word "can".

(E) sounds right because of the inference rule that A->B, then !B->!A.
So serious financial problems -> not happy, then
happy -> no serious financial problems

zhenmaster I like your explanation, do you care to extend on it
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30 Mar 2008, 08:13
OA is E
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16 Jul 2013, 05:56
I have a doubt in this question:

This question has two "if-then" relations.
Premise : Serious Financial Problems (SFP) ----> Not Happy ( H not)
Conclusion : SFP not -----> Happy

Now, as I read somewhere that the correct inference of if X---->then Y ,is, if not Y----->then not X (Please correct me if this concept is incorrect)
option D says : Happy not------> SFP ,which correctly infers the conclusion.
option E says : Happy-----> SFP not, which correctly infers the premise.

Can someone please identify and highlight the error in application of the concept or the concept itself I mentioned?
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16 Jul 2013, 06:05
nitin6305 wrote:
I have a doubt in this question:

This question has two "if-then" relations.
Premise : Serious Financial Problems (SFP) ----> Not Happy ( H not)
Conclusion : SFP not -----> Happy

Now, as I read somewhere that the correct inference of if X---->then Y ,is, if not Y----->then not X (Please correct me if this concept is incorrect)
option D says : Happy not------> SFP ,which correctly infers the conclusion.
option E says : Happy-----> SFP not, which correctly infers the premise.

Can someone please identify and highlight the error in application of the concept or the concept itself I mentioned?

SFP is not the only cause of unhappiness.

(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
they could be unhappy because of other reasons as well (their team lost, and so on...), not ONLY because of sfp.

E is correct because the presence of happiness excludes the presence of SFP ( because if they were present they would NOT be happy).
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.
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17 Jul 2013, 20:19
@Zarrolou

I may be the saying the same thing, but want to check whether my approach is fine.

"Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy." ==> Necessary condition

implies that for a person to be happy, he must not have any serious financial difficulties.

So (E) => If a person is happy, then he must have crossed the necessary condition i.e. he does not face any serious financial problems.

"People with serious financial problems cannot be happy." ==> One of the factors to be unhappy

(D) => if people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems => one of the factors so they may have/not have financial problems => CAN'T INFER
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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2016, 01:35

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