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# Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past sever

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Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past sever [#permalink]
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GetThisDone wrote:
Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past several years. Two possible explanations have been offered. First, improved health insurance has allowed employees to maintain better health. Second, improved working conditions have improved morale, leading to less desire to avoid work. However, since absenteeism has also decreased at companies with poor or no health insurance and poor working conditions, one must conclude that the cause of the decrease is the increased tendency of employers to deduct missed days from employees’ paychecks.

Which of the following indicates a flaw in the reasoning above?

(A) Employees who lack health insurance often have low morale.

(B) Companies with poor working conditions are most likely to deduct pay for missed work days

(C) Most employees are not honest about the reasons that they miss work

(D) The definition of absenteeism is not clear

(E) Improved health care, improved working conditions, and fear of losing money are not the only possible explanations for decreased absenteeism

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The conclusion is that the cause of the lower rate of absenteeism is fear of losing money. The basis for that claim is that two other possible explanations – improved health insurance and improved working conditions – are not present in every case. This argument falsely assumes, however, that these three factors are the only possible explanations.

(A) This answer choice does not address the fact that there may be other factors causing absenteeism to go down. If anything, it simply strengthens the idea that not having health insurance should contribute to more absenteeism.

(B) This answer choice does not address the fact that there may be other factors causing absenteeism to go down. Furthermore, the argument concludes that absenteeism has gone done across the board, for all types of companies and that the reason is fear of reduced pay. This choice seems to suggest that somehow that this fear is more of an issue for those companies with poor working conditions.

(C) Employees being honest about the reasons they miss work has little to do with the claim of the argument about why employees are missing work. The premises cited to do not rely on employee disclosure.

(D) The definition of absenteeism has little to do with the explanation of why it is occurring. Furthermore, there seems to be little ambiguity here with the definition.

(E) CORRECT. This addresses the argument's primary assumption that these three are the only possible explanations for absenteeism.
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Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past sever [#permalink]
Hello LogicGuru1,

Sorry for the dumb question, but the difference between the fallacy of False Dictomy and the fallacy of Causal Oversimplification is that the former accepts 2 reasons and the latter accepts only 1?

I didn't really get the difference between the two of them.

Thank you
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Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past sever [#permalink]
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ramonguib wrote:
Hello LogicGuru1,

Sorry for the dumb question, but the difference between the fallacy of False Dictomy and the fallacy of Causal Oversimplification is that the former accepts 2 reasons and the latter accepts only 1?

I didn't really get the difference between the two of them.

Thank you

Yes .. exactly.. more or less that is the difference in layman's term .
False Dichotomy also called as False Dilemma assumes that there are only two outcome of a situation and no other alternative exist apart from those two outcomes .
Example:- Allow me to marry the girl I like or I will be unhappy for the rest of all the years of my life.
This argument assumes that there are only two outcomes if the person is not allowed to marry the girl. There are many more possibilities.such as :- he will be miserable all his life or he will forget the girl soon and fall in love again or that he will get so focused in something else that he will become famous and that fame will bring him happiness and love or that he will commit suicide and thus won't live long to be sad forever.

Fallacy of Oversimplification as the name states tries to undermine other options and try to contribute the effect of a phenomenon to a single dominant effect. For example :- Since Bob is a wold class coach, his appointment as a hockey coach will now help country x to win an olympic gold. THIS IS WRONG :- apart from world classs coach, one needs world class players, training facility, monetary resources and many other factors to win a gold medal.
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Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past sever [#permalink]
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Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past sever [#permalink]
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