Last visit was: 23 May 2024, 06:04 It is currently 23 May 2024, 06:04
Close
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.
Close
Request Expert Reply
Confirm Cancel
SORT BY:
Date
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 93417
Own Kudos [?]: 626032 [5]
Given Kudos: 81940
Send PM
Most Helpful Reply
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 93417
Own Kudos [?]: 626032 [3]
Given Kudos: 81940
Send PM
General Discussion
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Mar 2015
Posts: 338
Own Kudos [?]: 234 [3]
Given Kudos: 175
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GPA: 3.5
WE:Advertising (Advertising and PR)
Send PM
Manager
Manager
Joined: 06 Sep 2017
Posts: 230
Own Kudos [?]: 141 [2]
Given Kudos: 154
Send PM
Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 9): Many studies have shown that [#permalink]
2
Kudos
Bunuel wrote:
Many studies have shown that individuals who consume a diet rich in fruits and vegetables have lower rates of cardiovascular disease. However, a recent study found that a group of individuals who followed a strict vegetarian diet, which includes only plant-based foods, had higher rates of cardiovascular disease compared to a group of individuals who consumed a balanced diet that included both plant-based and animal-based foods. This finding seems contradictory to the previous studies.

Which of the following, if true, resolves the paradox?

(A) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher overall calorie intake compared to the individuals in the balanced diet group.

(B) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher average body mass index (BMI) compared to the individuals in the balanced diet group.

(C) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher intake of processed vegetarian foods that are high in sodium and unhealthy fats.

(D) The individuals in the balanced diet group had a higher prevalence of pre-existing medical conditions related to cardiovascular health compared to the individuals in the vegetarian group.

(E) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher genetic predisposition to cardiovascular disease compared to the individuals in the balanced diet group.


 


This question was provided by Unacademy
for the Around the World in 80 Questions

Win over $20,000 in prizes: Courses, Tests & more

 



The effect of BMI, calorie intake and processed food is not mentioned in the passage. We do not know for sure how they will impact the rates of cardiovascular disease. A, B and C are out.
D actually complicates the situation more by providing the counter explanation. D is out.
E gives a clear case of impact on rates of cardiovascular disease on the vegetarian group by mentioning that the vegetarian group had higher risk to begin with. E is the answer.
Manager
Manager
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Status:GMAT Coach
Posts: 170
Own Kudos [?]: 285 [2]
Given Kudos: 65
Location: Peru
GPA: 3.98
Send PM
Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 9): Many studies have shown that [#permalink]
2
Kudos
Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Many studies have shown that individuals who consume a diet rich in fruits and vegetables have lower rates of cardiovascular disease. However, a recent study found that a group of individuals who followed a strict vegetarian diet, which includes only plant-based foods, had higher rates of cardiovascular disease compared to a group of individuals who consumed a balanced diet that included both plant-based and animal-based foods. This finding seems contradictory to the previous studies.

Which of the following, if true, resolves the paradox?

(A) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher overall calorie intake compared to the individuals in the balanced diet group.

(B) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher average body mass index (BMI) compared to the individuals in the balanced diet group.

(C) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher intake of pocessed vegetarian foods that are high in sodium and unhealthy fats.

(D) The individuals in the balanced diet group had a higher prevalence of pre-existing medical conditions related to cardiovascular health compared to the individuals in the vegetarian group.

(E) The individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher genetic predisposition to cardiovascular disease compared to the individuals in the balanced diet group.


Unacademy Official Explanation:

Answer: The correct answer is C.

The paradox in the argument is that individuals who follow a strict vegetarian diet, which is rich in fruits and vegetables, have higher rates of cardiovascular disease compared to individuals who consume a balanced diet. Option C resolves the paradox by providing an explanation for the higher rates of cardiovascular disease in the vegetarian group. It states that the individuals in the vegetarian group had a higher intake of processed vegetarian foods that are high in sodium and unhealthy fats. This suggests that the quality of the vegetarian diet, specifically the consumption of processed foods, could be a contributing factor to the higher rates of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, option C resolves the paradox by providing a plausible explanation for the contradictory finding.

Option A does not explain why the vegetarian group has higher rates of cardiovascular disease despite consuming a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Option B does not provide a reason for the higher rates of cardiovascular disease in the vegetarian group. Option D introduces a new factor (pre-existing medical conditions) that is unrelated to the paradox. Option E introduces a genetic predisposition, which is also unrelated to the paradox. Only option C directly addresses the contradictory finding and provides a potential explanation for it.


I have seen many posts given the answer E. That was also my answer. I believe that the genetic predisposition would explain the results. Answer C can only be correct if a higher intake of pocessed vegetarian foods that are high in sodium and unhealthy fats can lead to a cardiovascular disease; however, that information is not in the stimulus.
As I see it Letter C relies on an assumption that may not be true. Without a link between processed food and cardiovascular disease, this answer does not explain the result.
I do not think this is a good GMAT question.
Intern
Intern
Joined: 04 Jul 2023
Posts: 1
Own Kudos [?]: 0 [0]
Given Kudos: 98
Send PM
Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 9): Many studies have shown that [#permalink]
How can the Answer to this question be C when , A and B are also asserts ideas outside the scope of statement .(Higher calorie/Higher BMI/ Processed food are not specifically related to Cardio disease in the statement ). For a group to be distinct from an established similar group there must be any pre existing condition., Like pre-existing a medical condition ..Hence i think E as answer to the paradox. Please correct me if am wrong.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 2661
Own Kudos [?]: 7793 [2]
Given Kudos: 56
GMAT 2: 780  Q50  V50
Send PM
Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 9): Many studies have shown that [#permalink]
2
Kudos
Expert Reply
I suppose the main problem here is in the answer key/explanation. Whoever wrote the "official explanation" doesn't seem to have a strong command of how this question type works. E clearly helps to resolve the paradox, while D heightens it. Neither is irrelevant.

C is tempting, but as others have pointed out, we have to rely on real-world knowledge to connect these foods to cardiovascular disease. Also, if we're being precise, it says that the veg group ate more processed VEGETARIAN foods. Maybe the "balanced" group ate more processed animal-based foods, or other unhealthy foods.

So in short, choose answer E (and eat your veggies!), and don't rely too much on sketchy unofficial material!
Intern
Intern
Joined: 16 Apr 2024
Posts: 1
Own Kudos [?]: 5 [0]
Given Kudos: 126
Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 9): Many studies have shown that [#permalink]
My choice is C, because it directly solve the paradox between the illness rates of 100% vegetarian and 80% vegetarian
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 9): Many studies have shown that [#permalink]
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6936 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
238 posts
CR Forum Moderator
832 posts