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M06-36

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New post 15 Sep 2014, 23:33
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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (01:21) correct 29% (01:18) wrong based on 154 sessions

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Mike, Tom, and Walt are working as sales agents for an insurance company. Previous month relationship between their commissions was \(\frac{MT}{6}=W\), where \(M\), \(T\), and \(W\) are the commissions received by Mike, Tom, and Walt respectively. If this month, Mike's commission is 60% more than previous month and Tom's commission is 50% less than previous month, then how much should Walt's commission change compared to the previous month to ensure that the relationship between their commissions remains the same?

A. Decrease by 12.5%
B. Decrease by 20%
C. Decrease by 22.5%
D. Increase by 12.5%
E. Increase by 15%

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New post 15 Sep 2014, 23:33
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Official Solution:

Mike, Tom, and Walt are working as sales agents for an insurance company. Previous month relationship between their commissions was \(\frac{MT}{6}=W\), where \(M\), \(T\), and \(W\) are the commissions received by Mike, Tom, and Walt respectively. If this month, Mike's commission is 60% more than previous month and Tom's commission is 50% less than previous month, then how much should Walt's commission change compared to the previous month to ensure that the relationship between their commissions remains the same?

A. Decrease by 12.5%
B. Decrease by 20%
C. Decrease by 22.5%
D. Increase by 12.5%
E. Increase by 15%

Previous month \(\frac{MT}{6}=W\);

This month \(1.6M*0.5T=0.8MT\). So, \(MT\) is decreased by 20% so \(W\) should also decrease by the same percent for the relationship to remain the same.


Answer: B
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M06-36  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2014, 10:57
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Bunuel wrote:
Pick numbers. Assume \(M = 5\), \(T = 4\), and \(W =MT * 6 = 120\).



Sorry, i don't understand how do you get W=MT*6.
the questions states W=MT/6
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New post 02 Dec 2014, 01:18
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New post 22 Feb 2016, 22:20
1
Bunuel wrote:
Official Solution:

Mike, Tom, and Walt are working as sales agents for an insurance company. Previous month relationship between their commissions was \(\frac{MT}{6}=W\), where \(M\), \(T\), and \(W\) are the commissions received by Mike, Tom, and Walt respectively. If this month, Mike's commission is 60% more than previous month and Tom's commission is 50% less than previous month, then how much should Walt's commission change compared to the previous month to ensure that the relationship between their commissions remains the same?

A. Decrease by 12.5%
B. Decrease by 20%
C. Decrease by 22.5%
D. Increase by 12.5%
E. Increase by 15%

Previous month \(\frac{MT}{6}=W\);

This month \(1.6M*0.5T=0.8MT\). So, \(MT\) is decreased by 20% so \(W\) should also decrease by the same percent for the relationship to remain the same.


Answer: B


Hi

Shouldnt we have an increase of 20% in Ws commission?
Assuming numbers say M=3, T=4 so as per old rates W=2
Now, M=4.8, T=2 so W=1.6
We have to bring the commissions back to old levels so W from 1.6 has to go back to 2 relative to 2 as mentioned in the question. So 0.4/2 which is an increase of 20%?
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Re: M06-36  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2016, 10:20
Hi Bunuel,

I reached the part where \(\frac{0.8MT}{6}\)= W, however the next step I did was \(\frac{MT}{6}\) = \(\frac{W}{0.8}\) This implies that there's an increase in the value of W.

Please correct me. Thanks.
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New post 07 Jul 2016, 04:33
pwnuts wrote:
Hi Bunuel,

I reached the part where \(\frac{0.8MT}{6}\)= W, however the next step I did was \(\frac{MT}{6}\) = \(\frac{W}{0.8}\) This implies that there's an increase in the value of W.

Please correct me. Thanks.


MT is decreased by 20% so W should also decrease by the same percent for the relationship to remain the same. Try plugging some values for better understanding.
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Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
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Re: M06-36  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2016, 12:30
6W in RHS of original equation is there to confuse test takers.

The concept here is simple: If LHS decreases by 20 % of original value for LHS=RHS , the RHS should also decrease by 20 %
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Re: M06-36  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2017, 12:25
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Why does 6 not have any effect on the relationship when it changes?
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New post 25 Feb 2018, 10:40
I'm still missing something.

If we plug in numbers for M & T, lets go with 10 & 10...

(10*10)/6 = 16.67 for W

The total output of all three there would be 10+10+16.67, or 36.67 in the first month.

Then M increases by 60% to 16
T decreased by 50% to 5

Therefore M&T total is 21 and we need 15.67 out of W to get us to the same total of 36.67.

So I get an answer of W needs to decrease from 16.67 to 15.67, or 1/16.67 or about 6%.

What's wrong with my logic here?
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New post 25 Feb 2018, 10:45
Nevermind. Read question wrong :lol:

Thought it was asking what W had to decrease to get same sales as prior month, not keep ratio the same.
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Re: M06-36 &nbs [#permalink] 25 Feb 2018, 10:45
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