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Re: ­­Political scientist: Democracy depends on free choices, and choices [#permalink]
Expert Reply
 
Nothri wrote:
can someone explain why not b?­ it is similar to the first option

­Certainly!

Let's understand the structure of the argument:

    If choices are not free, there is no democracy.
    If there are no well-reasoned opinions, choices cannot be free. 
    If there are no reading skills, there are no well-reasoned opinions.

In other words: Reading Skills >necessary for> well-reasoned opinions >necessary for> free choices >necessary for> democracy. 

Valid Conclusions:
    1. If there is democracy, there must be a highly literate society (good reading skills). 
    2. If there are no reading skills, there is no democracy.

Conclusion of the Author:
    A highly literate society will be a democratic one.

Flaw:
    The author mistakes a series of necessary conditions for a series of sufficient conditions.

Answer: Choice A

Choice B:  fails to take into account that there are many means of forming well-reasoned opinions
There are two issues with choice B:
    1. It says "there ARE many means of forming well-reasoned opinions". This is not certain. The correct way to phrase this is "there might be other means of forming well-reasoned opinions". We cannot say this for sure. 
    2. Choice B is severely limited in scope. It only points to one link in a chain of statements. The author commits a sequence of unwarranted assumptions, not just one. Choice B, by pointing to just one, suggests that this is the only error in the argument, and nothing more. Choice A is better in terms of scope, as it encapsulates the entire flaw.


Hope this clarifies.
Happy learning! 

-Abhishek ­
GMAT Club Bot
Re: ­­Political scientist: Democracy depends on free choices, and choices [#permalink]
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