Last visit was: 20 Jun 2024, 02:55 It is currently 20 Jun 2024, 02:55
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.
Request Expert Reply

# Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
GRE Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 13990
Own Kudos [?]: 35247 [4]
Given Kudos: 5821
GPA: 3.62
Intern
Joined: 27 May 2021
Posts: 47
Own Kudos [?]: 4 [1]
Given Kudos: 4
GRE Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 13990
Own Kudos [?]: 35247 [1]
Given Kudos: 5821
GPA: 3.62
GRE Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 13990
Own Kudos [?]: 35247 [1]
Given Kudos: 5821
GPA: 3.62
Re: Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Expert Reply
Official Explanation

Q4. What can be deduced by “rationality comes on the way of making a rational decision” (Highlighted)?

Difficulty Level: Medium

Explanation

What can be deduced by “rationality comes on the way of making a rational decision”? PRE-THINK - Putting conscious effort actually hinders taking the best decision in certain situations.

(A) Correct: This indeed is the meaning of the phrase.

(B) Opposite: This phrase means just the opposite.

(C) Out of Scope: This is a generic phrase applicable for all & not a specific group.

(D) Opposite: The phrase does mean that unconscious mind helps in making optimal decision.

(E) Out of Scope: This phrase has no causality about it.

Answer: A
Intern
Joined: 13 Jul 2017
Posts: 15
Own Kudos [?]: 3 [0]
Given Kudos: 535
Re: Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata [#permalink]
Please explain question 2.
GRE Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 13990
Own Kudos [?]: 35247 [0]
Given Kudos: 5821
GPA: 3.62
Re: Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata [#permalink]
Expert Reply
Soumanti Roy wrote:
Please explain question 2.

Official Explanation

Q2. According to the passage, when one is an environment where once can get easily distracted one should:

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

(A) Opposite: The author recommends the opposite.

(B) Out of scope: The author does not mention anything about decisions that have major financial or economic impact.

(C) Close: The passage suggests this only when faces with a complex decision, not always.

(D) Inconsistent: situations of high energy are not related to the situations when one is easily distracted.

(E) Correct: The author recommends using the unconscious mind when faced with complex situation and in scenarios when one is easily distracted.

Answer: E
Intern
Joined: 08 Oct 2020
Posts: 33
Own Kudos [?]: 15 [0]
Given Kudos: 27
Re: Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata [#permalink]
Sajjad1994 wrote:
Soumanti Roy wrote:
Please explain question 2.

Official Explanation

Q2. According to the passage, when one is an environment where once can get easily distracted one should:

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

(A) Opposite: The author recommends the opposite.

(B) Out of scope: The author does not mention anything about decisions that have major financial or economic impact.

(C) Close: The passage suggests this only when faces with a complex decision, not always.

(D) Inconsistent: situations of high energy are not related to the situations when one is easily distracted.

(E) Correct: The author recommends using the unconscious mind when faced with complex situation and in scenarios when one is easily distracted.

Answer: E

Hey Sajjad
I choose A as the option based on the following excerpt -
"This led the researchers to conclude that our unconscious mind can process larger amounts of information — as long as we give it time to do so.
Another suitable situation, according to researchers, to employ the goal-dependent, deliberative process in the absence of conscious attention is when we are low on energy or easily distracted at the time"
So I conclude that we should not take conscious decision and let the unconscious mind take over.
Can You explain how is it option E

Thank you
GRE Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 13990
Own Kudos [?]: 35247 [0]
Given Kudos: 5821
GPA: 3.62
Re: Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata [#permalink]
Expert Reply
RajatGMAT777 wrote:
Sajjad1994 wrote:
Soumanti Roy wrote:
Please explain question 2.

Official Explanation

Q2. According to the passage, when one is an environment where once can get easily distracted one should:

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

(A) Opposite: The author recommends the opposite.

(B) Out of scope: The author does not mention anything about decisions that have major financial or economic impact.

(C) Close: The passage suggests this only when faces with a complex decision, not always.

(D) Inconsistent: situations of high energy are not related to the situations when one is easily distracted.

(E) Correct: The author recommends using the unconscious mind when faced with complex situation and in scenarios when one is easily distracted.

Answer: E

Hey Sajjad
I choose A as the option based on the following excerpt -
"This led the researchers to conclude that our unconscious mind can process larger amounts of information — as long as we give it time to do so.
Another suitable situation, according to researchers, to employ the goal-dependent, deliberative process in the absence of conscious attention is when we are low on energy or easily distracted at the time"
So I conclude that we should not take conscious decisions and let the unconscious mind take over.
Can You explain how is it option E

Thank you

I just solve this passage and do not agree with both the OA and OE, I think B is the best answer here.
Intern
Joined: 10 Jun 2021
Posts: 32
Own Kudos [?]: 9 [0]
Given Kudos: 6
Re: Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata [#permalink]
Please explain question 1.
GRE Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 13990
Own Kudos [?]: 35247 [0]
Given Kudos: 5821
GPA: 3.62
Re: Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata [#permalink]
Expert Reply
abhishektyga wrote:
Please explain question 1.

Official Explanation

Q1. The reason why the author has written this passage is that he wants to:

Difficulty Level: 650

Explanation

(A) Inconsistent: The author does not mention anywhere in the passage that only conscious mind can take important and complex decisions. Even unconscious mind is capable of doing so.

(B) Out of Scope: The author through examples talks about the ability of the conscious and unconscious minds. He does not even talk about the functions of these two minds. Also, he does not say that one is better than the other.

(C) Inconsistent: There is no debate of any sort in the passage. The author talks about the abilities of both the conscious and the unconscious minds equally.

(D) Correct. From the paragraph summaries we know that the experiments are the examples through which the author proved that conscious mind takes best decision when given less parameters and the unconscious mind does the same when given more parameters.

(E) Partial Scope: The author also talks about the functions of the conscious mind while making important decisions but the author talks much more than that. This choice only covers partial scope, does not talk about scenarios where the conscious mind is favored.

Answer: D
Intern
Joined: 17 Oct 2022
Posts: 16
Own Kudos [?]: 3 [0]
Given Kudos: 169
Re: Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata [#permalink]
Can someone pls explain to me why the answer to question 2 is option E?

Q2. According to the passage, when one is an environment where once can get easily distracted one should:

A. Put the conscious mind to rest and let the subconscious mind take over
B. If faced with a complex decision; one should sleep over the decision rather than employ conscious decision making
C. Not make any decisions that could have a major financial or economic impact
D. Ensure that one is not low on energy
E. Not expect the unconscious mind to work as efficiently as when one is in high spirits.
Re: Researchers argue that the brain stem comprising the medulla oblongata [#permalink]
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6954 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
238 posts
GRE Forum Moderator
13990 posts