Last visit was: 21 May 2024, 12:25 It is currently 21 May 2024, 12:25
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

# The cities with the densest population have the highest ratio of polic

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 93373
Own Kudos [?]: 625602 [20]
Given Kudos: 81918
Intern
Joined: 29 Aug 2017
Posts: 29
Own Kudos [?]: 52 [2]
Given Kudos: 111
Location: India
Intern
Joined: 28 Aug 2019
Posts: 9
Own Kudos [?]: 17 [2]
Given Kudos: 4
GMAT 1: 610 Q49 V25
Experts' Global Representative
Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 5125
Own Kudos [?]: 4685 [1]
Given Kudos: 38
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Re: The cities with the densest population have the highest ratio of polic [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation of this question-

Bunuel wrote:
The cities with the densest population have the highest ratio of police officers to citizens. Such cities also have the lowest rates of property crime without contact between perpetrator and victim. Thus maintaining a high ratio of police officers to citizens can serve as an effective deterrent to at least certain kinds of property crime.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) The quality of training that police receive varies from city to city.
(B) High population density itself makes it difficult to commit a property crime that involves no contact between perpetrator and victim.
(C) Many nonviolent crimes in large cities are drug-related.
(D) A majority of the perpetrators of property crimes in densely populated cities are not apprehended by the police.
(E) Property crimes without contact between perpetrator and victim represent only a small proportion of overall crime.

Mind Map: Densely filled cities have highest police to citizen ratio -> they also have low rate of property crime without contact between both parties -> so, high police density can reduce some kinds of property crime.

Missing link: Between low property crime of certain types and the deduction that high police density can deter some kinds of property crime.

Expectation from the correct answer choice: To suggest that high police density is not the reason for low rates of certain kinds of property crime.

Choice A: This answer choice goes beyond the scope of the argument by focusing on police training; moreover, it does not talk about property crime at all; as this answer choice does not weaken the conclusion, it is not a fine answer choice.
Choice B: This answer choice provides an alternate reason (than high police density) for the low crime rate; by suggesting that the high population density in itself makes it tough for offenders to commit property crime without contact between perpetrator and victim, this answer choice shifts the cause away from police density; hence, it weakens the argument and is, therefore, a fine answer choice.
Choice C: This answer choice goes beyond the scope of the argument by focusing on other crimes whereas the argument is clearly focusing on “certain kinds of property crimes”. Moreover, the argument is referring to “densely populated” cities and not large cities. This answer choice is incorrect as it does not weaken the causal connection between high police density and low crime rates of certain kinds.
Choice D: Trap. The majority of the perpetrators of property crimes may not be involved with these “certain kinds of property crime” under discussion in the argument. Furthermore, this answer choice, by suggesting that perpetrators of property crimes are so bold, contradicts the premise about low crime rates on the first place.
Choice E: Whether the kinds of crime under discussion represent a small or large proportion of the overall crime does not help or hurt the argument as the focus is on the reason for the low rate of the kinds of crime and not the magnitude of their consequence. This answer choice does not make any relevant point to weaken the argument that high police to citizen ratio can deter “certain kinds of property crime”; hence, it is not the correct answer choice.

Hence, B is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of “Characteristics of a Weakening Statement on GMAT Critical Reasoning”, you may want to watch the following video (~3 minutes):

All the best!
Experts' Global Team
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 17351
Own Kudos [?]: 851 [0]
Given Kudos: 0
Re: The cities with the densest population have the highest ratio of polic [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: The cities with the densest population have the highest ratio of polic [#permalink]
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6936 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
238 posts
CR Forum Moderator
832 posts