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The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for

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The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Jun 2018, 20:26
2
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A
B
C
D
E

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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

30% (01:39) correct 70% (02:02) wrong based on 366 sessions

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The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for obtaining hypodermic needles is to lower the incidence of drug-related deaths, both accidental and intentional, involving hypodermic needles. But even knitting needles can be lethal if they fall into the wrong hands; yet everyone would agree that imposing legal restrictions on obtaining knitting needles would be preposterous. Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted.

Which of the following, if true, would provide most support for the argument above?


(A) Knitting needles have been known to cause injury and death.

(B) The benefits of hypodermic needles outweigh those of knitting needles.

(C) The proposed law would not deter the sort of activity known to result in drug-related deaths.

(D) The proposed law could not be effectively enforced.

(E) Knitting needles are not readily available to anybody who wants to obtain them.

Originally posted by reply2spg on 21 Jan 2009, 15:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Jun 2018, 20:26, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2009, 21:00
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reply2spg wrote:
The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for obtaining hypodermic needles is to lower the incidence of drug-related deaths, both accidental and intentional, involving hypodermic needles. But even knitting needles can be lethal if they fall into the wrong hands; yet everyone would agree that imposing legal restrictions on obtaining knitting needles would be preposterous. Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted.

Which of the following, if true, would provide most support for the
argument above?

(A) Knitting needles have been known to cause injury
and death.
(B) The benefits of hypodermic needles outweigh those
of knitting needles.
(C) The proposed law would not deter the sort of activity
known to result in drug-related deaths.
(D) The proposed law could not be effectively enforced.
(E) Knitting needles are not readily available to anybody
who wants to obtain them.

A


1. the argument focuses on WHY the proposed law makes no sense and should not be enacted rather than compares the benifits of kinds of needles, so B is IRRELEVANT, B out

2. C very subtle, but C out. Although the law WOULD NOT deter many activities that result in deaths, C CANNOT suggest that the law WOULD deter knitting needles (which is assumed to be the cause of drug-related deaths).

3. The effectiveness of the law does not mean that the law making no sense, so D cannot help explain why the law should not be enacted. D out

4. E suggests that knitting needles available to amost every persons. That is, the proposed law must make sense. E weakens rather than strenthens the argument, E out

A is the best
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2009, 14:36
Wow, great question (and tricky) I actually went with D on this one.

The conclusion is this: Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted.

We need to strengthen the conclusion.

(A) Knitting needles have been known to cause injury and death -
This doesn't explain why the law makes no sense.

(D) The proposed law could not be effectively enforced.
The assumption in the argument is that knitting needles are like hypodermic needles in that they are both readily available.

Thus, you can't ask doctors' for prescriptions because it's hard to enforce. You can't enforce knitting needles either. Therefore, the law makes no sense because both of these things can't be enforced.
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2009, 15:28
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bigfernhead wrote:
Wow, great question (and tricky) I actually went with D on this one.

The conclusion is this: Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted.

We need to strengthen the conclusion.

(A) Knitting needles have been known to cause injury and death -
This doesn't explain why the law makes no sense.

(D) The proposed law could not be effectively enforced.
The assumption in the argument is that knitting needles are like hypodermic needles in that they are both readily available.

Thus, you can't ask doctors' for prescriptions because it's hard to enforce. You can't enforce knitting needles either. Therefore, the law makes no sense because both of these things can't be enforced.



In all honesty I think this is a really stupid question.
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2009, 17:20
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bigfernhead wrote:
Wow, great question (and tricky) I actually went with D on this one.

The conclusion is this: Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted.

We need to strengthen the conclusion.

(A) Knitting needles have been known to cause injury and death -
This doesn't explain why the law makes no sense.

(D) The proposed law could not be effectively enforced.
The assumption in the argument is that knitting needles are like hypodermic needles in that they are both readily available.

Thus, you can't ask doctors' for prescriptions because it's hard to enforce. You can't enforce knitting needles either. Therefore, the law makes no sense because both of these things can't be enforced.


Completely agree! I went with D too. And my explanation was exactly the same.
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2009, 17:24
scthakur wrote:
agree with A.


A does nothing with hypodermic ones!
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New post 23 Jan 2009, 03:07
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It shld be C. If the law does nothing 2 stop wrong activities, then there is no use in implementing it. Hence C
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New post 24 Jan 2009, 09:14
you need to support the argument and argument is "Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted"....to support this you have to show that Knitting needles are harmful as much as hypodermic needles....A shows it clearly....therefore A. make sense?
ritula wrote:
A?????????????????How?
reply2spg wrote:
OA A
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New post 24 Jan 2009, 20:11
If knitting needles r as harmful,then this does not mean restictions shld nt be imposed on hypodermic.Althogh this may lead 2 additional restrcitions on knitting needles as well.
Somehow, im not coinvinced with the OA and OE. Can sum1 explain this?
reply2spg wrote:
you need to support the argument and argument is "Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted"....to support this you have to show that Knitting needles are harmful as much as hypodermic needles....A shows it clearly....therefore A. make sense?
ritula wrote:
A?????????????????How?
reply2spg wrote:
OA A
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2009, 10:38
I dont get it. How is A correct?

Proposed law makes no sense and it should not be enacted is the conclusion

proposed law's purpose is to stop accidental and intentional deaths caused by HN and not by KN. KN is used as an example to show that deaths can also be caused by them. pick the needle, which ever, death is a possibility. In essence needles are just the conduit and the root cause is some thing else.

So if proposed law does not deter the activity that is the root cause of deaths, there is no point in enacting the law.

i got C.
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2014, 05:11
This is from GMAT Pill, and the OA according to Zeke is A. However, I competely disagree, because A doesn't even affect the argument. I chose C, because it clearly shows that the law would not meet its goal of reducing the misuse of the needles.
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New post 04 Jul 2016, 08:57
I have been googling this question for while but have not come across any satisfactory explanation why A is the answer. My theory is that the argument employs analogy in its reasoning by comparing knitting needles to hypodermic ones. In order to strengthen the argument, we need to show that the knitting needles have something in common with hypodermic ones, thus making the analogy more likely to support the argument.

A) does just that by showing knitting needles are indeed lethal like hypodermic ones. The argument mentions that knitting needles can be lethal, but now we know they in fact are lethal.

Any CR guru wants to take a stab and tell me how right/wrong I am?
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2017, 18:36
Answer given is A however needle is not mentioned in conclusion. C seems best option here. Could you please give some idea about this problem .
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 20:24
Hi Expert,

Would you please explain why A is OA and why C is NOT OA?
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Re: The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2018, 18:57
reply2spg wrote:
The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for obtaining hypodermic needles is to lower the incidence of drug-related deaths, both accidental and intentional, involving hypodermic needles. But even knitting needles can be lethal if they fall into the wrong hands; yet everyone would agree that imposing legal restrictions on obtaining knitting needles would be preposterous. Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted.

Which of the following, if true, would provide most support for the argument above?


(A) Knitting needles have been known to cause injury and death.

(B) The benefits of hypodermic needles outweigh those of knitting needles.

(C) The proposed law would not deter the sort of activity known to result in drug-related deaths.

(D) The proposed law could not be effectively enforced.

(E) Knitting needles are not readily available to anybody who wants to obtain them.



Definitely no idea how (A) is correct, conclusion says proposed law makes no sense and should not be enacted, meaning the law isn't able to achieve what it's going to be enacted for, which is to control hypodermic needles related death, (C) seems the best support.
Can someone please explain in details how (A) is correct.
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New post 20 Jun 2018, 08:45
chicagocubsrule wrote:
bigfernhead wrote:
Wow, great question (and tricky) I actually went with D on this one.

The conclusion is this: Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted.

We need to strengthen the conclusion.

(A) Knitting needles have been known to cause injury and death -
This doesn't explain why the law makes no sense.

(D) The proposed law could not be effectively enforced.
The assumption in the argument is that knitting needles are like hypodermic needles in that they are both readily available.

Thus, you can't ask doctors' for prescriptions because it's hard to enforce. You can't enforce knitting needles either. Therefore, the law makes no sense because both of these things can't be enforced.



In all honesty I think this is a really stupid question.




Option A is already mentioned in the argument that knitting needles are lethal. And strengthener is always outside information. So I don’t understand why the correct option is A.
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New post 30 Jun 2018, 00:57
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To get this one, it's important to acknowledge the strategy the author is using. They aren't saying that hypodermic needles aren't dangerous, not are they arguing that the law wouldn't work to make people safer. They're simply bringing up a different case. "Hey, this is dangerous, and no one wants to ban it. So we shouldn't ban this other dangerous thing!" This is a form of reduction ad absurdum, in which we try to make the logical consequences of an opponent's argument as preposterous as possible: "If you believe X, you also have to believe some crazier thing that you don't want to agree with. Therefore, discard X."

There was actually a very famous statement like this. When asked about the harmful effects of cigarettes, a tobacco executive said "Anything can be considered harmful. Applesauce is harmful if you get too much of it." Naturally, the interviewer came back with what you are probably thinking: People aren't dying from applesauce, so it's a bad parallel!

It's the same thing with this needle argument. The premise does say the knitting needles CAN be lethal, so we have to accept that. But are they actually causing deaths? If not, then maybe the parallel is a poor one, since it has been established in the argument that hypodermics ARE causing deaths. A improves the argument by saying that knitting needles do indeed cause deaths, so it makes at least a little sense for the author to ask why we want to limit access to hypodermics but not to knitting needles.

C, on the other hand, addresses whether the law would curb dangerous behavior. If the author were objecting to the law on the grounds that it would be ineffective, this would be a good strengthener. But since the author is objecting in a completely different way, C doesn't matter.
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New post 30 Jun 2018, 01:03
This question was very well designed. I fell for it. Should've read the question stem carefully.
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New post 09 Jul 2018, 00:28
Hope your preparation is going well.
To do well in such questions, it is important to rightly identify the conclusion and premise. The next step should be to identify the gap or the flaw present in the argument. If it is an assumption question, right answer choice will bridge the gap, in case of strengthening question, the answer choice will reaffirm the assumption and if it is a weakening question, the right answer will target the assumption.
Let us try to understand this problem
Conclusion: Law involving hypodermic needles makes no sense and should not be enacted.
Premise: Knitting needles, which are also lethal, are not restricted to obtain, but hypodermic needles are.
Assumption: Knitting needle is analogous to the hypodermic needle; both needles could be equally harmful
A: affirms that knitting needles are in fact dangerous, thereby affirming the analogy between the two types of needles. Correct answer
B: Out of scope-Benefits of either needle is not in the scope of discussion
C: supports the bare assertion that the proposed law might not be effective. However, this answer choice does not affirm the argument's essential reasoning.
D: Weakens-If the law couldn’t be enforced, it cannot be correctly concluded if ineffective or not
E: Weakens-If knitting needles are anyway difficult to obtain, there is little reason to impose a restriction to obtain them
Hope you got the reasoning for this question. Please get in touch for further help.
Consistency is the key to crack the verbal section of GMAT.
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