Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In DS, Variable approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember equal number of variables and independent equations ensures a solution.
2a3 is a 3-digit positive integer. If 2a3+366=6b9, a+b=?
1) 2a3 is divisible by 3.
2) 6b9 is divisible by 9.
In the original condition, there are 2 variables(a,b) and 1 equation(2a3+366=6b9), which should match with the number of equations. So you need 1 more equation. For 1) 1 equation, for 2) 1 equation, which is likely to make D the answer.
For 1), it becomes 2a3=3t는 2+a+3=3t and there are many values for a like a=1,4.., which is not unique and not sufficient.
For 2), 6b9=9k -> 6+b+9=9k -> b=3, a=7, which is unique and sufficient.
Therefore, the answer is B.
For cases where we need 1 more equation, such as original conditions with “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 59 % chance that D is the answer, while A or B has 38% chance and C or E has 3% chance. Since D is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) separately according to DS definition. Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, C or E.
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