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# A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is

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08 Jun 2010, 10:18
I will go with E . What is OA?
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08 Jun 2010, 10:28
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IMO A.

A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.

In premise1, we have: overcome powerful teptxn >>>> praiseworthy only then
In premise2: performing actions as a habit >>>> sometimes praiseworthy.

From premise2, what I understood is that actions are moral but praiseworthy sometimes not always. We dont have a comparison in the stimulus. Just a aparadox.

So, E is incorrect.

vd wrote:
A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.

Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?

(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly.
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A

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08 Jun 2010, 10:51
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the moral holds that overcomin powerful temptation is a must for good actions to be praiseworthy.

if habitual good action is praiseworthy, then there must be a connection between habitual good action and overcoming temptation.

only A implies that relationship.
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10 Jun 2010, 09:20
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I went for option A since the precondition for praiseworthy is doing good after
overcoming a powerful temptation.
(i) overcome a powerful temptation => (ii) do good => (iii) praiseworthy
In A, the precondition for praiseworthy had been set. Then, doing good (ii) could
sometimes call for praiseworthy (iii)

B does eliminate stage (ii)- doing good. It only talks of people who resist temptation
either on a frequent or infrequent basis -who cares? So, B is out.
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13 Jun 2010, 11:28
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A and E so damn close.

Only if people who overcome temptation -> perform good actions that are praiseworthy
Only (X) -> Y

How can some good actions be sometimes praiseworthy?

Overcoming temptation is essential to argument to be praiseworthy.
Between A and E

E says that it is common for people to do good actions without overcoming temptation. >> They can do good actions but X is not satisfied. It cannot be Y (praiseworthy)

First look A doesnt resolve sometimes?
(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation. >> I think it means all didn't do X. Only some people resist temptation, all dont.

Finally A.
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18 Jun 2010, 18:15
A for me too.
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13 Aug 2010, 03:32
Its A.

This is a paradox question so only A takes into consideration both the premises.
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13 Aug 2010, 10:17
I agree that A is a nice one because it refers to both premises.
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18 Aug 2010, 02:51
ITS A
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16 Sep 2010, 12:13
A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.
P1-Moral system ->Actions Praiseworthy->ONLY -> overcoming temptation
P2-Same system ->Actions Praiseworthy->SOMETIMES -> out of habit.

(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
Considers complete set of people performing good actions out of habit. That means whosoever performs good actions out of habit does it against temptation, therefore ,
according to P1 everyone shall be worthy of praise, not true as per P2.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly.
According to moral system , an action is considered praiseworthy only if it overcomes powerful temptation.
Most people face strong moral temptation sometimes, reason why their actions are not always considered praiseworthy.
Few face it regularly-> whenever they perform good action it is against powerful temptation, hence agrees with P1 and are considered praiseworthy.

(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.
Stimulus focuses on Moral system and not on individual opinion.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how
strongly a person is tempted.
Same as C , stimulus does not depend on whats going in other person's mind.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.
May be true but paradox is regarding the praise bestowed for the actions and not on frequency with which they are performed.

IMO B
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10 Jun 2011, 05:38
+1 For B.

i had to choose between B & D. i choose B.

OA??
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10 Jun 2011, 10:54
I thought A fit the ? perfectly. This is a paradox ? right? It's asking how something that is such a struggle to do can be a habit.

Last edited by timmyd on 10 Jun 2011, 10:59, edited 1 time in total.
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11 Jun 2011, 05:26
"A" only reconciles both parts of the question
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11 Jun 2011, 07:07
Any choice which can explain why both the situations can occur will be the right answer.Answers are inline.
Cheers
vd wrote:
A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.

Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?

(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.deals with both the events successfully and convincingly.Correct
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly. Only concerns with the temptation aspect.incorrect
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.Irrelevant.incorrect
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted.only deals with temptations aspect(that too obscurely).Hence incorrect.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.Talks about the the probability of the events occurring but not the reason why they should occur.incorrect

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11 Jun 2011, 16:12
I go with (A)...
My reason
(A)- People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation. - Earlier had temptation, so 2nd part of paradox resolved...Now it has become a habit, so 1st part of paradox resolved...
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly - Most-Tone is different....Also not exactly resolving in any way
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think. - Irrelevant Ans.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted. - Irrelevant
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation. - Not resolving paradox, but similar Ans.
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11 Jun 2011, 23:23
Initially went with E. But, i had to agree with few good explanation for A from Ykaiim, nusmavrik, mojorising800 and krishp84
+1 guys
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11 Jun 2011, 23:23
Quote:
vdhawan1 wrote:
7. A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.
Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?

(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly.
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.

I think the answer is A.

The question asks what will reconcile (resolve/logically explain) the relationship between the two causes of doing good deeds (out of habit or out of resistance to temptation).
(A) Talks about "possible reason between good deed and temptation"...says maybe it becomes a habit after years of resisting temptation
(B) Talks about "frequency of people facing temptation and their reaction to it"
(C) Talks about "irrelevance of temptation when doing a good deed"
(D) Talks about "difficulty in predicting the real motive behind a good deed" (whether a habit or a result of resisting temptation)
(E) Talks about "comparison between likely causes behind a good deed" (habit fares better on resistance to temptation)
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12 Jun 2011, 00:32
anirudhoswal wrote:
vdhawan1 wrote:
7. A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.
Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?
(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly.
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.

I go for E... heres why -
In the stem,
Statement 1: performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes temptation
Statement 2: performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy

From E,
far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation

So, a lot of people go around doing good actions out of habit all the time.
But, this is not usually praisewothry as it is driven by temptation.
However, sometimes it is not driven by tempatation and so it is praiseworthy...
exactly the point advocated by the moral system.
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12 Jun 2011, 02:40
+1 for A..Same thought process as VD's
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12 Jun 2011, 05:27
vd wrote:
A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.

Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?

(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly.
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.
Re: CR Question   [#permalink] 12 Jun 2011, 05:27

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