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A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century

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A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2015, 21:26
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A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc.

A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included
B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included
C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science
D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included
E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2015, 22:00
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beattheheat wrote:
A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc.

A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included
B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included
C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science
D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included
E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including


Ans is E.


A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included
Incorrectly compares alchemist to contributions.

B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included
Paracelsus's is incorrect, don't need the second 's. Should also be plural contributions as the rest of the sentence lists additional items.

C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science
including in his contributions...doesn't make sense.

D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included
Double subject error. Paracelsus, his...his refers back to the subject, so in essence we are saying Paracelsus, Paracelsus'

E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including
Clear and concise.
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2015, 07:05
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A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc.

a) A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included - a famed alchemist should modify a Person, Paracelsus. Incorrect Eliminate.
b) Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included - Paracelsus's And alchemical are not properly worded. Included is wrong modifier here.
c) Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science - including is misplaced modifier.
d) Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included - Included is wrong modifier here
e) Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including - correct sentence structure. Including is correct here.
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2017, 08:19
beattheheat wrote:
A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc.

A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included
B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included
C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science
D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included
E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including


A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included
Wrong subject of main clause , it should be Paracelsus.

B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included
Changes meaning of the original statement

C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science
Poorly constructed

D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included
No verb for subject Paracelsus

E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including
Correct
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 17:01
Experts,

The reason why B is incorrect is because "Alchemical" is wrongly modifying the contribution? As in... a contribution cannot be alchemical. Is my reasoning correct? I chose B over E. I thought in E, it would have been more appropriate if the sentence read "including the rudiments of what later became (also, become is wrong isn't it?) Toxicology as well as naming of the element Zinc."
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 18:36
Blackbox wrote:
Experts,

The reason why B is incorrect is because "Alchemical" is wrongly modifying the contribution? As in... a contribution cannot be alchemical. Is my reasoning correct? I chose B over E. I thought in E, it would have been more appropriate if the sentence read "including the rudiments of what later became (also, become is wrong isn't it?) Toxicology as well as naming of the element Zinc."



B is incorrect since it changes the original intent. Option B conveys that "Contributions were only Alchemical", an idea contrary to "Contribution to modern science by an alchemist"
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 19:44
But my question is in the context of meaning, can contributions be "alchemical"?
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 20:24
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We should always stick to the original sentence. Original statemnt says Paracelsus was a famed alchemist. It never says his contributions were alchemical or famous. So, B is wrong.

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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 03:55
A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc.

A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included - Incorrect usage of appositive - contribution was not a famed alchemist
B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included - meaning change - alchemical contribution
C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science - including used be prefixed by his contributions
D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included - Paracelsus , his contributions - 2 subjects in a row
E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including- Correct

Answer E
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A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2018, 10:09
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beattheheat wrote:
A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc.

A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included
B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included
C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science
D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included
E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including



Hi experts.
My question is about verb-ing (including) in choice E. What is comma+including modifying in choice E ?
Here is my understanding about the usage of including.
Including is not used here to present cause and effect relationship.
If including is modifying verb "made" here, it must make sense with the subject that is Paracelsus, and Paracelsus including the rudiments makes no sense.
I'll appreciate your inputs.

Regards
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2018, 06:45
sandysilva wrote:
beattheheat wrote:
A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc.

A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included
B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included
C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science
D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included
E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including



Hi experts.
My question is about verb-ing (including) in choice E. What is comma+including modifying in choice E ?
Here is my understanding about the usage of including.
Including is not used here to present cause and effect relationship.
If including is modifying verb "made" here, it must make sense with the subject that is Paracelsus, and Paracelsus including the rudiments makes no sense.
I'll appreciate your inputs.

Regards
SandySilva


You may consider the present participle "including" special.

The present participle modifier "including" may not necessarily refer to the subject of the preceding clause along with the verb, even in absence of cause and effect relationship - it can as well refer ONLY to the verb of the preceding clause.
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A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2018, 06:05

Official Explanation:



A question about the great Paracelsus.

We have quite a variety in the underlined sections. We would like either a modifier or a verb to identify Paracelsus as "a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century." Let's look at the choices:

(A) A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included

This one uses an appositive phrase, but it incorrectly labels not Paracelsus himself, but Paracelsus' contributions, as the famed alchemist. This is logically incorrect.

(B) Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included

This one tries to do too much all at once. We want to say that Paracelsus himself was a famous alchemist, not label his contributions as both "famous" and "alchemical." This changes the meaning too much. Also, it has a misplaced modifier: "modern science in the early sixteenth century." This one is a disaster: it is not correct.

(C) Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science

The first part is perfectly correct: it correctly identifies Paracelsus. But the phrase "including in his contributions to modern science" is awkward and indirect. If all the other answers are completely incorrect, we might settle for this, but we hope there's a much more direct and clear choice.

(D) Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included

This choice has the structure [noun][modifier][noun][verb] -- there's no proper connection between the first noun and the second noun, between the first noun and the verb, etc. This is grammatically incorrect.

(E) Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including

This starts with a noun & appositive phrase, and the structure correctly identifies the man himself as the famous alchemist. Then we get a very direct and active verb structure "Paracelsus … made contributions to modern science": the core of the sentence has a clear, concise, efficient structure. Then simple modifier, "including", introduce the rest of the sentence. This is powerful, sleek, and elegant. This is by far the best possible answer.
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2018, 03:12
sayantanc2k wrote:
sandysilva wrote:
beattheheat wrote:
A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc.

A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included
B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included
C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science
D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included
E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including



Hi experts.
My question is about verb-ing (including) in choice E. What is comma+including modifying in choice E ?
Here is my understanding about the usage of including.
Including is not used here to present cause and effect relationship.
If including is modifying verb "made" here, it must make sense with the subject that is Paracelsus, and Paracelsus including the rudiments makes no sense.
I'll appreciate your inputs.

Regards
SandySilva


You may consider the present participle "including" special.

The present participle modifier "including" may not necessarily refer to the subject of the preceding clause along with the verb, even in absence of cause and effect relationship - it can as well refer ONLY to the verb of the preceding clause.


hi, please tell m if these structures are valid.
[ noun+comma+verb-ing mod+ full stop]
[noun.... +comma+ verb-ing mod +full stop] here the noun is little far from modifier.
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2018, 04:31
sayantanc2k wrote:
sandysilva wrote:
beattheheat wrote:
A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc.

A. A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, Paracelsus' contributions to modern science included
B. Paracelsus's famous alchemical contribution to modern science in the early sixteenth century included
C. Paracelsus was a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century including in his contributions to modern science
D. Paracelsus, a famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century, his contributions to modern science included
E. Paracelsus, the famous early sixteenth century alchemist, made contributions to modern science, including



Hi experts.
My question is about verb-ing (including) in choice E. What is comma+including modifying in choice E ?
Here is my understanding about the usage of including.
Including is not used here to present cause and effect relationship.
If including is modifying verb "made" here, it must make sense with the subject that is Paracelsus, and Paracelsus including the rudiments makes no sense.
I'll appreciate your inputs.

Regards
SandySilva


You may consider the present participle "including" special.

The present participle modifier "including" may not necessarily refer to the subject of the preceding clause along with the verb, even in absence of cause and effect relationship - it can as well refer ONLY to the verb of the preceding clause.


HI,

As per my understanding,
if there is a comma before verb+ing modifier then it modifies the verb or the complete clause but the DOER MUST BE SAME,
eg - David killed the snake, using the stick.
but in the above question, the doer is Paracelsus. Does it make sense to say Paracelsus including the rudiments of what later become toxicology as well as the name of the element zinc?

Can you correct me if my concept is wrong? Thanks in advance.

egmat
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Re: A famed alchemist in the early sixteenth century &nbs [#permalink] 23 May 2018, 04:31
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