Averages Accelerated: Guide to solve Averages quicklyFolks, in this tutorial we will take a deep look into the concept of average that will help us to solve the questions from this topic quickly. First and foremost, I want to make it clear that I am not going to use the traditional way of solving the questions. Instead we try to solve the questions quickly.
Let us look at a simple question now.
Example 1:The average mark of 70 students in a class is 80. Out of these 70 students, if the average mark of 40 students is 75, what is the average mark of the remaining 30 students?
I am sure every one of you will be able to answer this in the following way.
Average of 70 students = 80.
Hence total marks of all the 70 students = 70x80 = 5600
Out of these 70, average of 40 students = 75
Hence total marks of these 40 students = 40x75 = 3000.
So the total marks of the remaining 30 students = 5600-3000 = 2600
Hence the average of the remaining 30 students = 2600/30 = 86.66THIS QUESTION IS DISCUSSED HERE.Now there will be a serious difference in the time taken if the numbers given here are not multiples of 10. Just look at example 2 below:
Example 2: “Average of
75 students is 82, out of which average of
42 students is 79. What is the average of the remaining 33 students?
THIS QUESTION IS DISCUSSED HERE.I am sure these numbers are your biggest enemies in the exam. So let us look at a much more practical way. I say practical way because back in my village this is how the farmers deal with averages in their daily life.
Let’s go back to
Example 1Given that average of 70 students is 80. This class is split into two groups of 40 and 30. I am sure you will agree with me that if the average of each of these groups is 80, then the average of the total group i.e. 70 students will also be 80.
But the first group of 40 students, instead of 80 they had an average of only 75. So definitely the average of the remaining 40 students must be greater than 80.
The loss incurred because of the first group must be compensated by the second group.Let us look at the loss incurred because of the first groupWe want them to have an average of 80, but they managed only 75. So we lost an average of 5 upon 40 students.
So the loss in the sum = 40x5.Now this loss of
40x5 must be compensated by our second group i.e.
30 students.
So their average must be not only the initial 80, but also the average meant to compensate the loss incurred because of the first group.
Hence the average of the remaining 30 students = 80 +
(40x5)/30 = 80 + 20/3 = 86.66I hope this is lucid.
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