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# Canadians now increasingly engage in out-shopping, which is

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30 Apr 2013, 13:06
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2
Canadians now increasingly engage in “out shopping,” which is shopping across the national border, where prices are lower. Prices are lower outside of Canada in large part because the goods-and-services tax that pays for Canadian social services is not applied.

Which one of the following is best supported on the basis of the information above?

(A) If the upward trend in out-shopping continues at a significant level and the amounts paid by the government for Canadian social services are maintained, the Canadian goods-and-services tax will be assessed at a higher rate.
(B) If Canada imposes a substantial tariff on the goods bought across the border, a reciprocal tariff on cross-border shopping in the other direction will be imposed, thereby harming Canadian businesses.
(C) The amounts the Canadian government pays out to those who provide social services to Canadians are increasing.
(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.
(E) Out-shopping purchases are subject to Canadian taxes when the purchaser crosses the border to bring them into Canada.

Let's discuss A and C

Edit: carcass

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30 Apr 2013, 14:37
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CharuKapoor wrote:
Canadians now increasingly engage in “out shopping,” which is shopping across the national border, where prices are lower. Prices are lower outside of Canada in large part because the goods-and-services tax that pays for Canadian social servicesis not applied.

Which one of the following is best supported on the basis of the information above?

(A) If the upward trend in out-shopping continues at a significant level and the amounts paid by the government for Canadian social services are maintained, the Canadian goods-and-services tax will be assessed at a higher rate.
(B) If Canada imposes a substantial tariff on the goods bought across the border, a reciprocal tariff on cross-border shopping in the other direction will be imposed, thereby harming Canadian businesses.
(C) The amounts the Canadian government pays out to those who provide social services to Canadians are increasing.
(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.
(E) Out-shopping purchases are subject to Canadian taxes when the purchaser crosses the border to bring them into Canada.

Let's discuss A and C

IMO, A is correct.
I think KEY here is: tax that pays for Canadian social services ==> taxes that government collects will be paid for social services ==> If revenue from taxes reduces, but costs for social services are not reduced ==> government must increase taxes to offset the loss.

(A) If the upward trend in out-shopping continues at a significant level and the amounts paid by the government for Canadian social services are maintained, the Canadian goods-and-services tax will be assessed at a higher rate.
Correct.

(B) If Canada imposes a substantial tariff on the goods bought across the border, a reciprocal tariff on cross-border shopping in the other direction will be imposed, thereby harming Canadian businesses.
Wrong. No information about reciprocal tariff.

(C) The amounts the Canadian government pays out to those who provide social services to Canadians are increasing.
Wrong. The stimulus does not say the costs for social services increase.

(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.

(E) Out-shopping purchases are subject to Canadian taxes when the purchaser crosses the border to bring them into Canada.
Wrong. No information about import taxes.

Waiting for OA.
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30 Apr 2013, 21:00
IMO A

Social Services are paid through goods-and-services tax(GST).
GST = Sales *X%.
If Social Services stay the same and amount of Sales decreases - the only way to pay for social services is to increase the % charged.
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01 May 2013, 02:06
(A) If the upward trend in out-shopping continues at a significant level and the amounts paid by the government for Canadian social services are maintained, the Canadian goods-and-services tax will be assessed at a higher rate.
A continued trend in out-shopping means that lesser people will pay Canadian goods-and-services tax which will mean that government has to increase tax rate to be able to pay for the Canadian social services.
This falls within the boundaries of what is given in the premise and hence is the correct answer.
However there is an assumption here that the amount of shopping inside Canada has not increased enough to counter the out-shopping. I am going with this choice considering that the author has mentioned significant level for out-shopping. Also no other choice is even close to being correct.

(B) If Canada imposes a substantial tariff on the goods bought across the border, a reciprocal tariff on cross-border shopping in the other direction will be imposed, thereby harming Canadian businesses.
Nothing is given about taxes on other side so we shouldn't assume anything

(C) The amounts the Canadian government pays out to those who provide social services to Canadians are increasing.
The amounts provided for social services may increase because of increase in population or many other reasons and out shopping has nothing to do with it.

(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.
Taking about Brand is out of scope.

(E) Out-shopping purchases are subject to Canadian taxes when the purchaser crosses the border to bring them into Canada.
Again out of scope. Nothing mentioned about the taxes on buying across the border.
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14 Oct 2013, 05:24
hogann wrote:
I'm going with A

Social Services are paid through GST. GST = Sales *X%. If Social Services stay the same and the amount of Sales decreases the only way to pay for social services is to increase the % charged on the remaining sales.

Dude, that's a great explanation. Kudos for you!
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16 Dec 2013, 00:39
i wouldn't have thought of A even if I had read the question a hundred times
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31 May 2015, 06:55
A
As the goods purchase locally reduce, same amount of tax would be applied to reduced goods and thus would be at an higher rate..
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21 Jul 2015, 01:03
Option D seems more like an assumption rather than an inference.

After POE, only option A stands out.

Please post both OA & OE.
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29 Aug 2015, 07:47
ssbisht wrote:
(A) If the upward trend in out-shopping continues at a significant level and the amounts paid by the government for Canadian social services are maintained, the Canadian goods-and-services tax will be assessed at a higher rate.
A continued trend in out-shopping means that lesser people will pay Canadian goods-and-services tax which will mean that government has to increase tax rate to be able to pay for the Canadian social services.
This falls within the boundaries of what is given in the premise and hence is the correct answer.
However there is an assumption here that the amount of shopping inside Canada has not increased enough to counter the out-shopping. I am going with this choice considering that the author has mentioned significant level for out-shopping. Also no other choice is even close to being correct.

(B) If Canada imposes a substantial tariff on the goods bought across the border, a reciprocal tariff on cross-border shopping in the other direction will be imposed, thereby harming Canadian businesses.
Nothing is given about taxes on other side so we shouldn't assume anything

(C) The amounts the Canadian government pays out to those who provide social services to Canadians are increasing.
The amounts provided for social services may increase because of increase in population or many other reasons and out shopping has nothing to do with it.

(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.
Taking about Brand is out of scope.

(E) Out-shopping purchases are subject to Canadian taxes when the purchaser crosses the border to bring them into Canada.
Again out of scope. Nothing mentioned about the taxes on buying across the border.

Hi Experts !

I have a doubt in option A

Prompt says that "goods-and-services tax that pays for Canadian social services". But it doesn't mean that this tax is the only source of income for the Canadian social services. May be revenue from exports and other services are also paying for the social services.

so how's A necessarily true ?
A continued trend in out-shopping means that lesser people will pay Canadian goods-and-services tax which will mean that government has to increase tax rate to be able to pay for the Canadian social services.

a decrease in the tax income might be recovered by using a greater share of revenue from other sources of income to pay for Social services or by increasing tax rate.
Therefore an increase in tax is not necessary (not a must be true situation).

Any thoughts?

While D says:

(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.

Argument says :
Canadians now increasingly engage in “out-shopping,” which is shopping across the national border, where prices are lower.

Obviously, why they are doing out-shopping because they are getting lower prices for the things they need(just like a discount store).
A higher price of say an x-box in the home country is driving them to buy it from outside-Canada where they can get it for a lower price.

A brand or commodity that is absent in the Canadian market (and anyhow citizens are buying it from New York) doesn't come under the spectrum of this argument which basically relies on the cost advantage.

In the light of this option D is a correct inference for the argument to stand legit.

Opinions ?

Regards,
SR
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07 Sep 2015, 04:03
1
In MBT (must be true) questions - We need to prove the answer choice from the information given within the stimulus. (Implied meaning)

A - Option A - talks about "out -shopping" and tax rate - mentioned in the stimulus.

D - Brands of goods - not mentioned in the stimulus.
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19 Jan 2017, 07:20
IMO the answer is A (using POE)

Moderators , please remove the questions without answers as they leave us confused.
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19 Jan 2017, 08:50
I will go with A..
D looks yummy but I think the word "brands" ruin it. I would buy the same cotton shirt across the border if it were cheaper there, even if I get brand Smooth in Canada and brand Soft across the border.
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22 Feb 2017, 08:38
the answer must be A ,
we can eliminate D as it is not necessary that people buy the same brand outside the border what if the rival brand has lower price and has the similar quality so it can't be concluded form the above stimulus .
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21 Aug 2017, 06:11
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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24 Sep 2017, 23:16
Hello Moderators,

Can you please add the the OA to this question? Its a bit difficult to go through all the posts just to see what is the right answer. Thanks for understanding.
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10 Dec 2017, 21:16
A shows causal relationship. => A is right.
B and C are safely ruled out.
D and E do not have information covered in the passage.
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15 Jan 2018, 23:12
solitaryreaper wrote:
ssbisht wrote:
(A) If the upward trend in out-shopping continues at a significant level and the amounts paid by the government for Canadian social services are maintained, the Canadian goods-and-services tax will be assessed at a higher rate.
A continued trend in out-shopping means that lesser people will pay Canadian goods-and-services tax which will mean that government has to increase tax rate to be able to pay for the Canadian social services.
This falls within the boundaries of what is given in the premise and hence is the correct answer.
However there is an assumption here that the amount of shopping inside Canada has not increased enough to counter the out-shopping. I am going with this choice considering that the author has mentioned significant level for out-shopping. Also no other choice is even close to being correct.

(B) If Canada imposes a substantial tariff on the goods bought across the border, a reciprocal tariff on cross-border shopping in the other direction will be imposed, thereby harming Canadian businesses.
Nothing is given about taxes on other side so we shouldn't assume anything

(C) The amounts the Canadian government pays out to those who provide social services to Canadians are increasing.
The amounts provided for social services may increase because of increase in population or many other reasons and out shopping has nothing to do with it.

(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.
Taking about Brand is out of scope.

(E) Out-shopping purchases are subject to Canadian taxes when the purchaser crosses the border to bring them into Canada.
Again out of scope. Nothing mentioned about the taxes on buying across the border.

Hi Experts !

I have a doubt in option A

Prompt says that "goods-and-services tax that pays for Canadian social services". But it doesn't mean that this tax is the only source of income for the Canadian social services. May be revenue from exports and other services are also paying for the social services.

so how's A necessarily true ?
A continued trend in out-shopping means that lesser people will pay Canadian goods-and-services tax which will mean that government has to increase tax rate to be able to pay for the Canadian social services.

a decrease in the tax income might be recovered by using a greater share of revenue from other sources of income to pay for Social services or by increasing tax rate.
Therefore an increase in tax is not necessary (not a must be true situation).

Any thoughts?

While D says:

(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.

Argument says :
Canadians now increasingly engage in “out-shopping,” which is shopping across the national border, where prices are lower.

Obviously, why they are doing out-shopping because they are getting lower prices for the things they need(just like a discount store).
A higher price of say an x-box in the home country is driving them to buy it from outside-Canada where they can get it for a lower price.

A brand or commodity that is absent in the Canadian market (and anyhow citizens are buying it from New York) doesn't come under the spectrum of this argument which basically relies on the cost advantage.

In the light of this option D is a correct inference for the argument to stand legit.

Opinions ?

Regards,
SR

Hi Solitaryreaper,

Good question.

D is more of an assumption if you think about it. On a find the assumption question this answer choice would be a very good candidate for a right answer. However we have to stick to what the question asks

Which one of the following is best supported on the basis of the information above?

Prompt says that "goods-and-services tax that pays for Canadian social services". But it doesn't mean that this tax is the only source of income for the Canadian social services. May be revenue from exports and other services are also paying for the social services

Yes it is true that there could be other sources. The passage does not explicitly state that this is the only source either, so it's already understood that there could be multiple sources of revenue. The point however is that if people continue out shopping and amount paid by the government for social services remains the same, then assuming that costs of social services are increasing, government needs more revenue from goods and taxes and hence will have to INCREASE tax rates. This is what choice A coveys.
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15 Jan 2018, 23:13
solitaryreaper wrote:
ssbisht wrote:
(A) If the upward trend in out-shopping continues at a significant level and the amounts paid by the government for Canadian social services are maintained, the Canadian goods-and-services tax will be assessed at a higher rate.
A continued trend in out-shopping means that lesser people will pay Canadian goods-and-services tax which will mean that government has to increase tax rate to be able to pay for the Canadian social services.
This falls within the boundaries of what is given in the premise and hence is the correct answer.
However there is an assumption here that the amount of shopping inside Canada has not increased enough to counter the out-shopping. I am going with this choice considering that the author has mentioned significant level for out-shopping. Also no other choice is even close to being correct.

(B) If Canada imposes a substantial tariff on the goods bought across the border, a reciprocal tariff on cross-border shopping in the other direction will be imposed, thereby harming Canadian businesses.
Nothing is given about taxes on other side so we shouldn't assume anything

(C) The amounts the Canadian government pays out to those who provide social services to Canadians are increasing.
The amounts provided for social services may increase because of increase in population or many other reasons and out shopping has nothing to do with it.

(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.
Taking about Brand is out of scope.

(E) Out-shopping purchases are subject to Canadian taxes when the purchaser crosses the border to bring them into Canada.
Again out of scope. Nothing mentioned about the taxes on buying across the border.

Hi Experts !

I have a doubt in option A

Prompt says that "goods-and-services tax that pays for Canadian social services". But it doesn't mean that this tax is the only source of income for the Canadian social services. May be revenue from exports and other services are also paying for the social services.

so how's A necessarily true ?
A continued trend in out-shopping means that lesser people will pay Canadian goods-and-services tax which will mean that government has to increase tax rate to be able to pay for the Canadian social services.

a decrease in the tax income might be recovered by using a greater share of revenue from other sources of income to pay for Social services or by increasing tax rate.
Therefore an increase in tax is not necessary (not a must be true situation).

Any thoughts?

While D says:

(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.

Argument says :
Canadians now increasingly engage in “out-shopping,” which is shopping across the national border, where prices are lower.

Obviously, why they are doing out-shopping because they are getting lower prices for the things they need(just like a discount store).
A higher price of say an x-box in the home country is driving them to buy it from outside-Canada where they can get it for a lower price.

A brand or commodity that is absent in the Canadian market (and anyhow citizens are buying it from New York) doesn't come under the spectrum of this argument which basically relies on the cost advantage.

In the light of this option D is a correct inference for the argument to stand legit.

Opinions ?

Regards,
SR

Hi Solitaryreaper,

Good question.

D is more of an assumption if you think about it. On a find the assumption question this answer choice would be a very good candidate for a right answer. However we have to stick to what the question asks

Which one of the following is best supported on the basis of the information above?

Prompt says that "goods-and-services tax that pays for Canadian social services". But it doesn't mean that this tax is the only source of income for the Canadian social services. May be revenue from exports and other services are also paying for the social services

Yes it is true that there could be other sources. The passage does not explicitly state that this is the only source either, so it's already understood that there could be multiple sources of revenue. The point however is that if people continue out shopping and amount paid by the government for social services remains the same, then assuming that costs of social services are increasing, government needs more revenue from goods and taxes and hence will have to INCREASE tax rates. This is what choice A coveys.
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01 Sep 2018, 07:06
Option A is the correct answer and is a direct inference of what is stated. If there is more out shopping and people don't buy locally then in order to maintain the amount paid towards social service the products bought locally should be charged at a higher rate (the lesser the local consumption of goods the higher the rate the government needs to charge if it intends to maintain the current amount towards social service.)
No other option except A can be inferred.
Re: Canadians now increasingly engage in out-shopping, which is &nbs [#permalink] 01 Sep 2018, 07:06

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