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Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only

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Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2020, 02:46
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Question Stats:

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Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful. Not only does the pollution hurt the wildlife inhabiting the stretches of the seashore but also the youth's education towards conservation is hindered by the frequenting of nature resorts which are continuously polluted. Therefore, it is extremely important that the authorities keep the beaches clean.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first is the opinion favored by the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which enhances the same conclusion as the former piece of evidence does.

(B) The first is an assumption; the second is a premise which adds information to a previous premise.

(C) The first is a conclusion; the second is an inference based on a previous premise.

(D) The first is a premise; the second is a conclusion based on a previous premise.

(E) The first is the general position of the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which stands in apparent contradiction to the previous information.

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Re: Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2020, 04:43
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Premise : Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful. Not only does the pollution hurt the wildlife inhabiting the stretches of the seashore but also the youth's education towards conservation is hindered by the frequenting of nature resorts which are continuously polluted.

Conclusion : Therefore, it is extremely important that the authorities keep the beaches clean.

Ques : In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

Pre-thinking : Before we proceed to label the roles played by the bold faces. Lets first understand the role played by all the statements in the argument.
Statement 2 is a premise without any doubt. As it states facts and things that are happening.
Most of us will get stuck here : Is statement 1 the main conclusion or statament 3 ?
Lets do a simple test and see which format makes sense :
Statement 1 because of Statement 3 ? (Pollution of beaches is harmful because it is extremely important that authorities keep the beaches clean)
or, Statement 3 because of Statement 1 ? (it is extremely important that authorities keep the beaches clean because pollution of beaches is harmful)
When we analyse above, we can clearly see that the latter makes sense. Hence, Statement 3 is the conclusion and Statement 1 acts as premise or mid-conclusion.

Lets analyse our options now :
(A) The first is the opinion favored by the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which enhances the same conclusion as the former piece of evidence does. - Correct as the first is an opinion which is favored by the argument and second is indeed an additional evidence which enhances the conclusion.

(B) The first is an assumption; the second is a premise which adds information to a previous premise. - Incorrect as first is not an assumption, the second part role is however correct.

(C) The first is a conclusion; the second is an inference based on a previous premise. - Incorrect as first is not the conclusion and second is not an inference.

(D) The first is a premise; the second is a conclusion based on a previous premise. - Incorrect as first could be a premise but the second is not the conclusion based on first statement.

(E) The first is the general position of the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which stands in apparent contradiction to the previous information. - - Incorrect as we can take first as a general position for the argument but the second is in supportive to it and not contractive to it.
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Re: Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2020, 06:04
Answer: Option C


(A) The first is the opinion favored by the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence that enhances the same conclusion as the former piece of evidence does.
=> CORRECT. An opinion, by author, supported by two followed premises and the second statement is the premise/addition evidence having a similar purpose as the first premise, that pollution is doubly harmful

(B) The first is an assumption; the second is a premise which adds information to a previous premise.
=> The first is not an assumption, rather it is an opinion supported by followed premises.

(C) The first is a conclusion; the second is an inference based on a previous premise.
=> Second is not an inference, rather the impact of pollution or explanation of why pollution is harmful

(D) The first is a premise; the second is a conclusion based on a previous premise.
=> Second is not a conclusion, rather the impact of pollution or explanation of why pollution is harmful

(E) The first is the general position of the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which stands in apparent contradiction to the previous information.
=> The first is correct but second is not a contradiction. It is used to support the fact that pollution of the beaches is harmful.
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Re: Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2020, 08:48
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Bunuel wrote:
Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful. Not only does the pollution hurt the wildlife inhabiting the stretches of the seashore but also the youth's education towards conservation is hindered by the frequenting of nature resorts which are continuously polluted. Therefore, it is extremely important that the authorities keep the beaches clean.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first is the opinion favored by the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which enhances the same conclusion as the former piece of evidence does.

(B) The first is an assumption; the second is a premise which adds information to a previous premise.

(C) The first is a conclusion; the second is an inference based on a previous premise.

(D) The first is a premise; the second is a conclusion based on a previous premise.

(E) The first is the general position of the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which stands in apparent contradiction to the previous information.


IMO A .

Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful. -- Claim by Author
Not only does the pollution hurt the wildlife inhabiting the stretches of the seashore -- fact to support the above claim
but also the youth's education towards conservation is hindered by the frequenting of nature resorts which are continuously polluted. -- another fact to support above claim
Therefore, it is extremely important that the authorities keep the beaches clean. -- Main conclusion of the argument .

So BF 1 and 2 both are in same direction .



(A) The first is the opinion favored by the argument; -- Correct
the second is an additional piece of evidence which enhances the same conclusion as the former piece of evidence does. -- correct

-- A seems to be correct

(B) The first is an assumption; -- Can be taken as an assumption
the second is a premise which adds information to a previous premise. -- It doesnot add info to the prev premise .

-- It's incorrect

(C) The first is a conclusion; the second is an inference based on a previous premise.

-- It's incorrect .. Second is not an inference based on prev premise


(D) The first is a premise; the second is a conclusion based on a previous premise.

-- BF 1 and 2 are incorrect ..


(E) The first is the general position of the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which stands in apparent contradiction to the previous information.

-- It's incorrect .. Second is not an contradiction to the prev premise
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Re: Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2020, 23:30
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In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

Boldface question either revolve around the conclusion, or argument or premise.
Clearly the conclusion is presented in the last line - therefore. So C, D are out.
Both the boldface arguments are talking about the same point and do not oppose each other, hence E is out.
Lastly, the first boldface is not an assumption, it is an argument presented by the author. Hence B is out.

IMO A


(A) The first is the opinion favored by the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which enhances the same conclusion as the former piece of evidence does.
(B) The first is an assumption; the second is a premise which adds information to a previous premise.
(C) The first is a conclusion; the second is an inference based on a previous premise.
(D) The first is a premise; the second is a conclusion based on a previous premise.
(E) The first is the general position of the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which stands in apparent contradiction to the previous information.
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Re: Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 02:00

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful. Not only does the pollution hurt the wildlife inhabiting the stretches of the seashore but also the youth's education towards conservation is hindered by the frequenting of nature resorts which are continuously polluted. Therefore, it is extremely important that the authorities keep the beaches clean.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first is the opinion favored by the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which enhances the same conclusion as the former piece of evidence does.

This is a Boldface Type question, in which you are required to define the role of the two boldface sections in the argument. Read the argument and break it down using indicative words:

  • Sentences 1, the first boldface portion, is a conclusion because states an opinion and begins with the conclusion word clearly.
  • The first half of sentence 2 is a premise, a matter-of-fact statement contributing to the conclusion.
  • The second half of sentence 2, which is the second boldface portion, is also a premise, which also contributes to the conclusion.
  • Sentence 3 is a conclusion, as it is a recommendation and begins with the conclusion conjunction therefore.

The first boldfaced expresses the position of the argument, where the second is the second premise, which combines with the first premise to support the argument's position/conclusion.



(B) The first is an assumption; the second is a premise which adds information to a previous premise.

Incorrect.

This is a Boldface Type question, in which you are required to define the role of the two boldface sections in the argument. Read the argument and break it down using indicative words:

  • Sentences 1, the first boldface portion, is a conclusion because states an opinion and begins with the conclusion word clearly.
  • The first half of sentence 2 is a premise, a matter-of-fact statement contributing to the conclusion.
  • The second half of sentence 2, which is the second boldface portion, is also a premise, which also contributes to the conclusion.
  • Sentence 3 is a conclusion, as it is a recommendation and begins with the conclusion conjunction therefore.

Pollution being doubly harmful is presented as an opinion, as indicated by the conclusion word clearly. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.



(C) The first is a conclusion; the second is an inference based on a previous premise.

Incorrect.

While this answer choice defines the first boldface part correctly, it defines the second incorrectly. The second piece cannot by any means be an inference (conclusion) since it presents new information which is not based on other data.



(D) The first is a premise; the second is a conclusion based on a previous premise.

Incorrect.

The first boldface portion is not a premise, as it is based on the following data presented (and includes the conclusion word clearly). You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.



(E) The first is the general position of the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which stands in apparent contradiction to the previous information.

Incorrect.

While this answer choice defines the first boldface part correctly, it defines the second incorrectly. The fact that youth's education is harmed by going to polluted beaches does not contradict the fact that pollution hurts the wildlife, but rather strengthens the position that pollution is doubly harmful. Notice the opening of the sentence: not only... but also prepares us for two facts which add force to each other.

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Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2020, 03:56
Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful. Not only does the pollution hurt the wildlife inhabiting the stretches of the seashore but also the youth's education towards conservation is hindered by the frequenting of nature resorts which are continuously polluted. Therefore, it is extremely important that the authorities keep the beaches clean.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

The text highlighted in green is the main conclusion of the argument
BF1: Statement which is in line with the argument's conclusion. Think of it this way: Important to keep the beaches clean AS Pollution is doubly harmful
BF2: Evidence offered to back the BF1

(A) The first is the opinion favored by the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which enhances the same conclusion as the former piece of evidence does. Matches with what we have written above

(B) The first is an assumption; the second is a premise which adds information to a previous premise. BF1 is not an assumption

(C) The first is a conclusion; the second is an inference based on a previous premise. BF1 is not a conclusion

(D) The first is a premise; the second is a conclusion based on a previous premise. BF2 is not a conclusion

(E) The first is the general position of the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which stands in apparent contradiction to the previous information. BF2 does not contradict BF1
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Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2020, 03:56

Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful.[/b] Not only

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