GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Oct 2019, 22:03

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Retired Moderator
avatar
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 822
Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User
Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 05 Mar 2019, 21:49
2
17
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

31% (02:07) correct 69% (02:24) wrong based on 395 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.


A. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century.

D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange.

E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange.

_________________
Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Originally posted by reto on 27 Sep 2015, 03:32.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Mar 2019, 21:49, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Dec 2013
Posts: 199
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2015, 05:49
1
1
I will go with A.

Tough one quite tricky.

MY POE,

B shows that Santiago de Compostela was firmly established in the 12 century.. It should represent the various piligrimage routes.

C. When you close the wording in the commas... you can read that 'The spread of the roman style of cathedral.... was firmy established'

(the spread was firmly established does not make sense to me)

D. Reads that various piligrimage routes were exempliefied in the romas style.. (change the meaning)

E. Change the meaning as above and also the wrong usage of Lisiting. and the usage of 'and'

Please post OA and hightlight any my if missed anything.


A. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century.

D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange.

E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange.[/quote]
_________________
Kudos to you, for helping me with some KUDOS.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5104
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2015, 07:11
B’s main problems stem from the fact that it is a run on sentence with two working verbs ‘created’ and ‘was exemplified’ joined by just a comma. In addition, the subject of the clause is the plural ‘routes’ entails a plural verb ‘were exemplified’ . The rest of the choices are out for reasons cited by Shriram
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't make out how to pole-vault over the 630-barrier, you can do so with my one-to-one lessons. (+919884544509)
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 361
Reviews Badge
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2015, 18:45
Hi,

In my honest opinion A is an awkward answer because it uses "exemplified" as a verb-ed modifier,and there is no main verb separately associated there.. but modifying the whole of preceding clause..We usually see only "verbing" doing so..

Regards,
Dom.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5104
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2015, 20:52
1
1
Created is the main verb for the subject routes in A; established and exemplified are the two ‘ed’ modifiers. Established modifies the routes and exemplified modifies the network. It is an established fact that ‘ed’ modifiers can modify a distant noun, if circumstances warrant it, as in the given case. It is just not the cultural exchange alone that is exemplified in the spread of the Roman Cathedrals but the entire network.

The point is whether A is the best of the lot. Considering the other choices, A is good enough, Dom, I feel. But still, I do appreciate your own angle to the question
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't make out how to pole-vault over the 630-barrier, you can do so with my one-to-one lessons. (+919884544509)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 42
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2015, 22:25
shriramvelamuri wrote:
I will go with A.

Tough one quite tricky.

MY POE,

B shows that Santiago de Compostela was firmly established in the 12 century.. It should represent the various piligrimage routes.

C. When you close the wording in the commas... you can read that 'The spread of the roman style of cathedral.... was firmy established'

(the spread was firmly established does not make sense to me)

D. Reads that various piligrimage routes were exempliefied in the romas style.. (change the meaning)

E. Change the meaning as above and also the wrong usage of Lisiting. and the usage of 'and'

Please post OA and hightlight any my if missed anything.


A. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century.

D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange.

E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange.


The modification of the various pilgrimage routes ... exemplified in D seems logically more correct.
Pls explain?
_________________
I am not an expert, so please CORRECT me if I am wrong
Retired Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 1093
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2015, 23:05
sarthaknav wrote:
The modification of the various pilgrimage routes ... exemplified in D seems logically more correct.
Pls explain?


Exemplified modifies the Network - this is the correct meaning in this question. if we understand this correctly then "A" is the only choice that remains to be picked.
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 20 Aug 2014
Posts: 19
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2015, 00:57
Any advice ,on option E. Why is E not correct?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5104
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2015, 08:30
1
The problem with E is that there are two back to back modifiers now modifying the various routes. Grammatically the first modifier should be touching modified noun various routes. But it is not. In addition, the second modifier starting with 'exemplified' is not even modifying the various routes in the original. It is modifying the religious and cultural exchange. This changes the meaning.


P.S. (Originally I thought that the modifier ‘exemplified …’ covers the entire network of the trade and people, religious and cultural exchange. But since the modifier refers to a style of Cathedral, a religious place, I feel it is correct to say it modifies only the cultural and religious exchange)
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't make out how to pole-vault over the 630-barrier, you can do so with my one-to-one lessons. (+919884544509)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 20 Aug 2014
Posts: 19
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2015, 08:55
Thanks Daagh for your reply. Two back-to-back modifier in option E, make it clearly incorrect
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5104
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Dec 2015, 08:10
1
1
A. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture. – Proper modification and correct choice.

B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture. ----The pilgrimage routes – was exemplified --- SV error. More seriously, the subject has two verbs namely ‘created’ and ‘was exemplified ‘and has created two independent clauses without a proper conjugation. Hence, this is a run-on.

C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century.--- The religious and cultural exchange is part of the network and was not created by the network. Change of meaning.

D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange. --- The routes were not exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style. The network of XYZ was exemplified.

E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange. ----The same error of the spread of the Romanesque style modifying the routes.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't make out how to pole-vault over the 630-barrier, you can do so with my one-to-one lessons. (+919884544509)
Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1093
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Dec 2015, 12:59
Here there are few things to be considered
1. you cannot establish a city(Santiago de compostela) but routes going to it.
2. “P exemplifies Q”, P is the specific example, and Q is the general case.
3. passive “Q is exemplified by P”, the subject of the passive, Q, is the general case, and the object of “by” or P is the example.
Here
Romanesque style of cathedral architecture is an example of religious and cultural exchange.


Main sentence
The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of
    trade,
    people, and
    religious and cultural exchange.

B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

"was" changes the modifier with additional info into dubious construction.

C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century.

The spread ..............established by 12th century is completely absurd in meaning and structure.

D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange.

pilgrimage routes are not exemplified in style of architecture............this means that Roman style of architecture is an example of pilgrimage route which is completely absurd.

E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange.

this sentence means that routes established in 12th century and their example is roman style as in D. Completely wrong.
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 5930
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2019, 21:50
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2019, 21:50
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne