Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In DS, Variable approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember equal number of variables and independent equations ensures a solution.
If r and s are positive integers, is rs a multiple of 25?
1) r-s is a multiple of 5
2) rs is a multiple of 5
In the original condition, there are 2 variables(r,x), which should match with the number of equations. So you need 2 equations. For 1) 1 equation, for 2) 1 equation, which is likely to make C the answer. When 1) & 2), a multiple of rs=5 -> a multiple of r=5 -> a multiple of r-s=5 -> a multiple of s=5 -> a multiple of rs=5*a multiple of 5=a multiple of 25, which is yes.
A multiple of s=5 -> a multiple of r-s=5 -> a multiple of r=5 -> a multiple of rs=5* a multiple of 5=a multiple of 25, which is yes. Therefore, the answer is C.
For cases where we need 2 more equations, such as original conditions with “2 variables”, or “3 variables and 1 equation”, or “4 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 70% chance that C is the answer, while E has 25% chance. These two are the majority. In case of common mistake type 3,4, the answer may be from A, B or D but there is only 5% chance. Since C is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) separately according to DS definition (It saves us time). Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, D or E.
_________________
MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"