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# In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated

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In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2010, 00:38
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15
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:47) correct 48% (01:55) wrong based on 799 sessions

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In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated from Monrovia to neighboring Abstania than during any prior year. In 1998, the number of reported violent crimes in Abstania increased dramatically over 1997. The unavoidable conclusion is that Monrovians who migrated from Monrovia to Abstania were responsible for this increase.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most seriously weaken the claim that Monrovians were responsible for the increase in violent crime in Abstania during 1998?

(A) Each year more violent criminals are apprehended in Abstania than in Monrovia.
(B) During 1998 more violent crimes were reported in Abstania than in Monrovia.
(C) In 1998 no Monrovians migrated from either Monrovia or Abstania to any country other than Monrovia or Abstania.
(D) In 1998 the number of unreported violent crimes in Abstania increased as well.
(E) In 1998 fewer Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania than from Abstania to Monrovia.

Explaination:The correct response is (E). The argument relies on the unstated assumption that Abstania's Monrovian population either remained stable or increased during 1998. However, (E) provides that this population actually declined in 1998, despite the influx of Monrovians. Given that the number of Monrovians residing in Abstania decreased while the crime rate increased, (E) reduces the likelihood that it was Monrovians who were responsible for the increase in violent crime in 1998.

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09 Sep 2010, 06:55
I chose B without fully understanding the meaning of E. The explanation provided is excellent. Is this GMAT or LSAT question?
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09 Sep 2010, 07:27
E

POE - A, B, C & D are irrelevant
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09 Sep 2010, 07:47
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Dreamy wrote:
I chose B without fully understanding the meaning of E. The explanation provided is excellent. Is this GMAT or LSAT question?

Its a GMAT question atleast thats what the site where I found this said. I haven't seen this kind of reasoning anywhere else. Thts why I posted the explanation as well.
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11 Sep 2010, 21:56
Option E for me as well. All other choices were either strengthening the argument or were irrelevant.
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06 Oct 2010, 07:44
1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated from Monrovia to neighboring Abstania than during any prior year. In 1998, the number of reported violent crimes in Abstania increased dramatically over 1997. The unavoidable conclusion is that Monrovians who migrated from Monrovia to Abstania were responsible for this increase.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most seriously weaken the claim that Monrovians were responsible for the increase in violent crime in Abstania during 1998?

(A) Each year more violent criminals are apprehended in Abstania than in Monrovia.
(B) During 1998 more violent crimes were reported in Abstania than in Monrovia.
(C) In 1998 no Monrovians migrated from either Monrovia or Abstania to any country other than Monrovia or Abstania.
(D) In 1998 the number of unreported violent crimes in Abstania increased as well.
(E) In 1998 fewer Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania than from Abstania to Monrovia
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to weaken :: country's M Citizens were responsible for the increased crimes..
a) not true..out of scope
b)strengthens the argument
c)strengthens
d)keep it on hold..
e) k..how can u say tht the few people who migrated from M-A were not responsible ..does not weaken !
come back to D
if number of unreported crime increased in A , so i'll have to make a wild guess tht crime rose in general which smwht says tht it's not entirely M's fault..!
not an air tight reasoning , but because of the lack of a viable alternative i have to GUESS D!
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07 Oct 2010, 05:21
I went for D
I think the POE is the best way to attack it...
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21 Apr 2011, 09:28
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Isn't this a causal reasoning?
More Monrovians migrated to Abstania -----> increase in crimes in Abstania
E says that:
Quote:
In 1998 fewer Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania than from Abstania to Monrovia

E weakens the conclusion by showing that although the effect occurs, the cause does not occurs: though few Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania, the number of crimes in Abstania is still high.
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25 Apr 2011, 04:31
i misinterpreted E , and the explanation definitely helped.
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2014, 16:28
3
(A) Each year more violent criminals are apprehended in Abstania than in Monrovia. Strengthen.
(B) During 1998 more violent crimes were reported in Abstania than in Monrovia. Strengthen.
C) In 1998 no Monrovians migrated from either Monrovia or Abstania to any country other than Monrovia or Abstania. Neutral.
(D) In 1998 the number of unreported violent crimes in Abstania increased as well. Strengthen.
(E) In 1998 fewer Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania than [Monrovians migrated] from Abstania to Monrovia.

If you were to drop in "Monrovians migrated" to make the comparison clearer (because you can do so), then option E jumps out. The net number of Monrovians in Abstania is down, so it is less probable that Monrovians themselves were responsible for the increase in crime.
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2014, 02:56
IMO D,

How can D strengthen as said above.D clearly gives an alternative that unreported crimes were also cited in As. So the migration wasnt responsible but the unreported crimes led to an increase.

experts??
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2014, 05:22
Question is "Which of the following statements, if true, would most seriously weaken the claim that Monrovians were responsible for the increase in violent crime in Abstania during 1998?"
though D is correct in terms of weakening conclusion that crime did not increase in 1998.
but E is exact as per the question.
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2014, 20:28
kidchaos wrote:
In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated from Monrovia to neighboring Abstania than during any prior year. In 1998, the number of reported violent crimes in Abstania increased dramatically over 1997. The unavoidable conclusion is that Monrovians who migrated from Monrovia to Abstania were responsible for this increase.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most seriously weaken the claim that Monrovians were responsible for the increase in violent crime in Abstania during 1998?

(A) Each year more violent criminals are apprehended in Abstania than in Monrovia.
(B) During 1998 more violent crimes were reported in Abstania than in Monrovia.
(C) In 1998 no Monrovians migrated from either Monrovia or Abstania to any country other than Monrovia or Abstania.
(D) In 1998 the number of unreported violent crimes in Abstania increased as well.
(E) In 1998 fewer Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania than from Abstania to Monrovia.

Explaination:The correct response is (E). The argument relies on the unstated assumption that Abstania's Monrovian population either remained stable or increased during 1998. However, (E) provides that this population actually declined in 1998, despite the influx of Monrovians. Given that the number of Monrovians residing in Abstania decreased while the crime rate increased, (E) reduces the likelihood that it was Monrovians who were responsible for the increase in violent crime in 1998.

i selected "E" as balance were clearly off.......
now " E" is'nt a clear weakener too....How many people migrated is'nt a measure of more or less crime.....
say both towns have population of one million......
crime in Monrovia in 1997- 1000
1998 - 1000 people migrate from monrovia to abstancia, mostly all simpletons, .... and 500 , mostly rogue,vice versa.......
but crime goes up to 1500 in Monrovia despite population little less than one million.....
By what logic can the - 500 migrated from Abstancia to Monrovia be exonerated due to the fact that a larger strength of persons have migrated otherway.......
THE ONLY LOGIC I SEE IS THAT- ONLY FEW PEOPLE MIGRATED.... THOUGH ITS A "WEAK" WEAKENER.........
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2014, 11:57
mejia401 wrote:

(E) In 1998 fewer Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania than [Monrovians migrated] from Abstania to Monrovia.[/color]

What you explained, if true, makes absolute sense but I understood something else by reading the option... But this is the only explanation that can make E the correct option.
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In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2015, 00:46
1
(A) Each year more violent criminals are apprehended in Abstania than in Monrovia.

Tempting, but irrelevant to conclusion of "Monrovian migrants are the cause of increase in reported violent crimes." In addition, the argument covers the past year, so this is out of scope.

(B) During 1998 more violent crimes were reported in Abstania than in Monrovia.

Irrelevant to conclusion of "Monrovian migrants are the cause of increase in reported violent crimes."

(C) In 1998 no Monrovians migrated from either Monrovia or Abstania to any country other than Monrovia or Abstania.

Irrelevant to conclusion of "Monrovian migrants are the cause of increase in reported violent crimes."

(D) In 1998 the number of unreported violent crimes in Abstania increased as well.

Irrelevant to conclusion of "Monrovian migrants are the cause of increase in reported violent crimes."

(E) In 1998 fewer Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania than from Abstania to Monrovia.

Bingo. If the number of Monrovians who left Abstania during 1998 was greater than the number of Monrovians who migrated to Abstania during 1998, then the conclusion of Monrovians being the cause of the increase in reported violent crimes is false.
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2016, 23:20
I can't understand how E is correct even if in 1998 migrants from A to M were more than M to A it can not be concluded that the number of migrants from M to A didn't cause the increase in crime rates.
It just concludes that M population in A decreased
There is no info to conclude that those migrants from M to A were not responsible for violent crimes.
How can this info weaken the argument
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2016, 00:35
Analysis of the argument:
No. of (Monrovians)Ms migrating to Abstania(A) increased.=>No. of violent crime(VC) increased.
Thus Migrated Ms were responsible for increased instances of violent crime.

Let's falsify the scenario. No. of VC increased with increase in no. of Ms in A, such a scenario could be possible when Ms were not the doers but the victims, in that case Ms are not responsible for VC but some other agency for example As are.
On similar lines we can evaluate the weakening choices one by one
(A) Each year more violent criminals are apprehended in Abstania than in Monrovia.
This choice is irrelevant to the discussion as apprehension of VC is not discussed in the argument.
(B) During 1998 more violent crimes were reported in Abstania than in Monrovia.
Subject of discussion is VC in A not VC in M, hence such comparison is totally irrelevant to the discussion.
(C) In 1998 no Monrovians migrated from either Monrovia or Abstania to any country other than Monrovia or Abstania.
Out of scope.
(D) In 1998 the number of unreported violent crimes in Abstania increased as well.
This choice does not add much information to be a weakener. In similar lines of falsification of argument discussed above we can say that the answer choice presents a parallel situation but doesn't question the conclusion of the argument.
(E) In 1998 fewer Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania than from Abstania to Monrovia.
Careful reading of this choice reveals that no. As staying in A is higher than that in earlier years, thus they may also be responsible for increased VC. Thus this choice makes the conclusion less believable hence the correct weakener.
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2016, 14:05
(A) Each year more violent criminals are apprehended in Abstania than in Monrovia.
This makes more correct because if more violent cases are in Abstania then it is not the people of Monrovia that are the reason for voilent crimes

(E) In 1998 fewer Monrovians migrated from Monrovia to Abstania than from Abstania to Monrovia.
This strengthens that if more Abstania migrated it means the % strength of Monrovians increased in Abstania making more voilent crimes due to Monrovians.

In my reasoning A should be correct.
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2016, 16:34
taranhundal wrote:
I can't understand how E is correct even if in 1998 migrants from A to M were more than M to A it can not be concluded that the number of migrants from M to A didn't cause the increase in crime rates.
It just concludes that M population in A decreased
There is no info to conclude that those migrants from M to A were not responsible for violent crimes.
How can this info weaken the argument

Of course you can not conclude that Monrovian migrants from M to A caused the increase in violent crimes, but this is a weaken question; you do not have to show that the argument is wrong, you just need to undermine the conclusion.

According to E, in 1998 there were fewer Monrovians. Even though the number of Monrovian migrants from M to A may have caused the increase in violent crimes, choice E certainly undermines the claim by pointing out that there were fewer Monrovians in Abstania.
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Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2017, 05:27
AH, now I can see why E is the answer. Oh gosh, the words repeat and each word stands near another word; this is why I miss out the important link.
Re: In 1998, more citizens from the country of Monrovia migrated &nbs [#permalink] 28 Jun 2017, 05:27

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