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# In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies

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Manager
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In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2016, 07:48
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75% (hard)

Question Stats:

45% (01:31) correct 55% (01:35) wrong based on 445 sessions

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In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Africa, drumming is used to precipitate a trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts of a revivified myth.

a, trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts
b, trance, inducing the possessed to perform parts
c, state of trance, which induces the possessed to perform a part
d, trance state and to induce the possessed to perform parts
e, trance state and inducing the possessed to performing parts

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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2016, 09:23
Best choice D.

precipitate and induce should be parallel.
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18 Mar 2016, 09:30
In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Africa, drumming is used to precipitate a trance state and to induce the possessed to perform parts of a revivified myth.

Correct use of Parallelism and infinitve , hence IMHO with (D)
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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2016, 00:34
Agreed that D is good enough, but why C is not good enough? What is the clue to confirm that it is the drumming that the does both the actions of precipitating and inducing? Can it not be that drumming precipitates a trance and then the trance induces the possessed to perform? Additionally, which is the normal usage? state of trance or trance state?
I wish that the poster discloses the source.
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19 Mar 2016, 02:34
daagh wrote:
Agreed that D is good enough, but why C is not good enough? What is the clue to confirm that it is the drumming that the does both the actions of precipitating and inducing? Can it not be that drumming precipitates a trance and then the trance induces the possessed to perform? Additionally, which is the normal usage? state of trance or trance state?
I wish that the poster discloses the source.

Very subtle question. Here is an attempt to explain.

A state of trance can be achieved by meditation, whereas music can put you in a trance state. It goes either ways and is open for debate. You are right about the trance state inducing the possessed to perform. The one fine difference I can see between the two options is the last part of each option.

"to perform a part" points to a specific part of the myth, and there is no note of this part in the original question. Hence the more general "to perform parts" seems apt.

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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2016, 03:37
Looks as if this is a passage about occultism. Anyway, if somebody make out all these on the day, it will be really fantastic.
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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2016, 06:06
this unfair question
because sc tests meaning, we need to use our common sense of our world to do sc. if the meaning of the question is too specialist , the meaning is hard to be understood and we can not solve the sc.
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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2019, 05:04
Why is option C incorrect? Please explain. Why can't the drumming precipitate a trans state, thus inducing the possessed to perform something?
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In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2019, 07:52
Why is B incorrect?

The sentence could very well mean, the use of drumming leads the possessed to perform...
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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2019, 07:54
Why is B incorrect?

The sentence could very well mean, the use of drumming leads the possessed to perform...
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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2019, 02:30
1
thinkTheta wrote:
Why is B incorrect?

The sentence could very well mean, the use of drumming leads the possessed to perform...

Hi thinkTheta ,
I am no expert but I'll try to differentiate B from D.
The intent expressed in the original sentence is that drumming has two effects, the precipitation of a trance state & the inducing of a possessed.
A parallel marker AND shows this intent.

To be honest, when I attempted this question the first time, I had the same thought that state of trance is what leads to induction of possessed but it is not the case.

The intent presented in the original sentence must be preserved at all times.
This is what makes B an incorrect choice.

Now, what makes D correct?
Choice of parallelism. Since "drumming is used to precipitate " is in non underlined portion of the sentence, the correct choice must be parallel and must have same to induce construction.

Hope this helps.

P.S. Did you notice how I made an action noun, the precipitation of a trance state, parallel to a complex gerund phrase, the inducing of a possessed? This is the only acceptable form on GMAT when it comes to action noun & complex gerund phrases. Subtle right? :D
Happy learning.
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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2019, 02:39
Doer01 wrote:
thinkTheta wrote:
Why is B incorrect?

The sentence could very well mean, the use of drumming leads the possessed to perform...

Hi thinkTheta ,
I am no expert but I'll try to differentiate B from D.
The intent expressed in the original sentence is that drumming has two effects, the precipitation of a trance state & the inducing of a possessed.
A parallel marker AND shows this intent.

To be honest, when I attempted this question the first time, I had the same thought that state of trance is what leads to induction of possessed but it is not the case.

The intent presented in the original sentence must be preserved at all times.
This is what makes B an incorrect choice.

Now, what makes D correct?
Choice of parallelism. Since "drumming is used to precipitate " is in non underlined portion of the sentence, the correct choice must be parallel and must have same to induce construction.

Hope this helps.

P.S. Did you notice how I made an action noun, the precipitation of a trance state, parallel to a complex gerund phrase, the inducing of a possessed? This is the only acceptable form on GMAT when it comes to action noun & complex gerund phrases. Subtle right? :D
Happy learning.

Hi Doer01,

I figured out one more reason why option B is incorrect - notice the absence of word 'state' (next to 'trance'. This omission alters the meaning of the sentence, and hence the option is incorrect.

Although I agree with your analysis, I am still doubtful if the correct meaning could be inferred from the given original sentence. Because of the presence of word 'inducing', the error in the sentence could very well have been of joining a modifier incorrectly using a conjunction.

Thanks!
Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies   [#permalink] 06 Apr 2019, 02:39
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