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In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public

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In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2014, 02:42
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In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public senior-citizen facilities has cut staff hours as means to greater economic sustainability and has lowered the percentage of new residents it will accept whose only source of income is Social Security.

A. to greater economic sustainability and has lowered

B. to greater sustainability economically and has lowered

C. of greater economic sustainability and lowering

D. of greater sustainability economically and has lowered

E. for greater economic sustainability and the lowering of

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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2014, 05:23
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In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public senior-citizen facilities has cut staff hours as means to greater economic sustainability and has lowered the percentage of new residents it will accept whose only source of income is Social Security.

A. to greater economic sustainability and has lowered
Correct
B. to greater sustainability economically and has lowered
economically changes the meaning. economic is the correct usage.
C. of greater economic sustainability and lowering
has lowered is required because of parallelism
D. of greater sustainability economically and has lowered
economically changes the meaning. economic is the correct usage.
E. for greater economic sustainability and the lowering of
has lowered is required because of parallelism
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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2014, 07:46
ankurgupta03 wrote:
In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public senior-citizen facilities has cut staff hours as means to greater economic sustainability and has lowered the percentage of new residents it will accept whose only source of income is Social Security.

A. to greater economic sustainability and has lowered
Correct
B. to greater sustainability economically and has lowered
economically changes the meaning. economic is the correct usage.
C. of greater economic sustainability and lowering
has lowered is required because of parallelism
D. of greater sustainability economically and has lowered
economically changes the meaning. economic is the correct usage.
E. for greater economic sustainability and the lowering of
has lowered is required because of parallelism



i think "means to" is an appropriate idiomatic usage.

that leaves us with A and B. B breaks parallelism, that leaves us with A.

is this approach correct??
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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 10:24
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Hi
I would like to comment on the idiomatic usage of 'means ' ..

"Means for " is wrong idiom.

Both "means to" and "means of" are correct . based on situation we use one of them.

Means to is used when we want to achieve something..
eg: Government is stressing to increase income tax as a means to raise cash reserves.

Means of is used when we want to say that we used something in place of something .
eg: i used paddles as a means of rowing the boat.

None of choices indicates that the ban is ill chosen as a means of reaching the town council’s goals.

Hope this helps.

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In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public senior  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2015, 22:00
1.All the options have "and" so look for ||sm so A,B and D only.
2. X as a means of Y --> X is a type of Y
X as a means to Y --> X is a method to achieve Y
In the given context "mean to" fits in.
So A is the answer.

The management of the county's public senior-citizen facilities has [cut staff hours].
Why? [As means to greater economic sustainability].
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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public senior  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2015, 11:34
as means to -> how it is achieved
as means of -> x is a type of Y

verbs must be parallel
has cut and has lowered

economically is not the same as economic.

answ. A is correct.
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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 02:20
Hi,

"as a means to" is correct idiom when we are referring to something that is the end result or the outcome.

That leaves us only A and B.

B changes the meaning with "economically" in essence meaning which is controlled financially..

Hence that leaves us just A.

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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 20:06
tuanquang269 wrote:
In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public senior-citizen facilities has cut staff hours as means to greater economic sustainability and has lowered the percentage of new residents it will accept whose only source of income is Social Security.

(A )to greater economic sustainability and has lowered

(B) to greater sustainability economically and has lowered

(C) of greater economic sustainability and lowering

(D) of greater sustainability economically and has lowered

(E) for greater economic sustainability and the lowering of


had there been an option like "of greater economic sustainability and has lowered" which one should be selected? :? A or that option?
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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 20:57
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dav90 wrote:
tuanquang269 wrote:
In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public senior-citizen facilities has cut staff hours as means to greater economic sustainability and has lowered the percentage of new residents it will accept whose only source of income is Social Security.

(A )to greater economic sustainability and has lowered

(B) to greater sustainability economically and has lowered

(C) of greater economic sustainability and lowering

(D) of greater sustainability economically and has lowered

(E) for greater economic sustainability and the lowering of


had there been an option like "of greater economic sustainability and has lowered" which one should be selected? :? A or that option?


Still option A would have been correct.

Means to Vs. Means of
  • X as means of Y suggests that X is a kind of Y
  • X as means to Y suggests that X is a step on the way to Y, but X and Y are clearly different

cut staff hours is clearly different from economic sustainability
Therefore use of As means of is incorrect.

EDIT:
I found the source of this particular idiom. Check this out for more clarification http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-sente ... -means-to/
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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2018, 17:04

Official Explanation


For more on the idioms "means of" vs. "means to", see this blog post. "Means for" is always wrong, so (E) is out. Here we are discussing cutting staff hours vs. greater economic sustainability. We don't want to suggest that cutting staff hours is a kind of greater economic sustainability. Rather, cutting staff hours is not desirable in and of itself, but it's a step the senior-citizen facilities are taking to reach their intended goal of greater economic sustainability. Therefore, in this context, "means to" is correct and "means of" is incorrect. That narrows choices down to (A) and (B).

Notice, also, the verbs "has cut" and "has lowered"/"lowering" must be in parallel, so "has lowered" is correct — also (A) and (B) only. The difference between them is another tricky split I have discussed in this post. The phrase "greater economic sustainability" tells us specifically: what kind of sustainability? Very specifically, they want to stay financially afloat: that's economic sustainability.

By contrast, choice (B) uses the expression "greater sustainability economically," which means they want broader sustainability in general (financial, emotional, moral, spiritual, etc.) and they want to achieve this broad sustainability economically, that is to say, at low cost. In context, that's wacky.

Clearly, the word "economic"/"economically" is supposed to tell us the specific kind of sustainability, not to qualify that this broad open-ended sustainability should be achieved with cost-cutting measure. Therefore, (A) is the best answer.
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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2018, 17:06
Concerned blog post :
https://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-sent ... 1514114233
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Re: In a recent policy shift, the management of the county's public &nbs [#permalink] 19 Aug 2018, 17:06
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