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# In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers

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Re: In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers [#permalink]
sachi-in wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
sachi-in wrote:
In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers found that, on average, those who spent up to 20 percent of their work day browsing the Internet for purposes that were not work-related were 9 percent more productive per hour of actual work than those who completely abstained from going online at work. The researchers concluded that frequent work breaks are rejuvenating and improve concentration, thereby increasing productivity.

Which of the following pieces of information about the workers studied would, if true, most strengthen the researchers’ argument?

A. Those who were the most productive had jobs that required them to use the Internet frequently for work-related purposes.
B.  Those who took work breaks to browse the Internet were more productive than those who took equally frequent breaks away from the computer.
C.  Those who abstained from going online during their work day generally took far fewer work breaks than the other workers.
D.  Those who were the most productive relative to their colleagues tended to take longer work breaks than the least productive of their colleagues.
E.  Those who spent more than 20 percent of their work day online were less productive, on average, than those who abstained from going online.­

­Is the question from GMAT Prep Focus mocks? Which one? Thank you!

­
Yes, It was in one of the paid official tests FE, probably 3 or 4.

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­Thank you! Edited the tag.
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In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers [#permalink]
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The conclusion is "work breaks ( can be any sort I.e going for a tea break or surfing internet etc ) are rejuvenating .
The premise cited is :- One example where the workers browsing internet proved more productive than the workers who abstained from internet.
Option C strengthens by saying that the workers who abstained from internet not just stayed away from the internet but dint indulge in too many other forms of breaks also. They took far fewer breaks. And eventually they proved less productive. Hence the conclusion i.e "work breaks are helpful in increasing productivity and rejuvenating " gets strengthened .

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In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers [#permalink]
GMATNinja WHY IS OPTION B WRONG­
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Re: In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers [#permalink]

GMATNinja WHY IS OPTION B WRONG­

­The researcher's argument is that "frequent work breaks are rejuvenating and improve concentration, thereby increasing productivity".

B) States "Those who took work breaks to browse the Internet were more productive than those who took equally frequent breaks away from the computer"

This does not strengthen the researcher's argument, in fact it undermines their argument since it implies that work breaks are not the cause of increased productivity, rather specifically breaks to browse the internet increase productivity.

My advice here would be to carefully identify the researcher's argument word by word and evaluate the answers precisely against this.
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Re: In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers [#permalink]
­Understanding the argument - ­
In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers found that, on average, those who spent up to 20 percent of their work day browsing the Internet for purposes that were not work-related were 9 percent more productive per hour of actual work than those who completely abstained from going online at work. - Background info. It mainly focuses on online breaks and their effects.
The researchers concluded that frequent work breaks are rejuvenating and improve concentration, thereby increasing productivity. - Conclusion. The conclusion makes a giant leap to "frequent work breaks" that may include non-online related breaks, which is a gap.

Which of the following pieces of information about the workers studied would, if true, most strengthen the researchers’ argument?

A. Those who were the most productive had jobs that required them to use the Internet frequently for work-related purposes. - Weakener. Reverses the cause-effect relationship.

B.  Those who took work breaks to browse the Internet were more productive than those who took equally frequent breaks away from the computer. - This is not the gap. Distortion.

C.  Those who abstained from going online during their work day generally took far fewer work breaks than the other workers. - Yes. So overall, they took a few breaks. The argument covers online work, but this option covers the gap in general work breaks. Ok.

D.  Those who were the most productive relative to their colleagues tended to take longer work breaks than the least productive of their colleagues. - The argument already shares this. Moreover, "longer work breaks" or shorter breaks are out of scope. The main idea is whether they take frequent breaks or not. Meaning whether they take 3 or 4 or more breaks. The issue is not whether they take 30 min or 1-hour break.

E.  Those who spent more than 20 percent of their work day online were less productive, on average, than those who abstained from going online.­ - Weakener. ­
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Re: In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers [#permalink]
The main confusion is between B & C.

Argument focuses more on breaks and productivity, not about going online. i.e. More frequent breaks --> More Productivity

B : Equal Work breaks and the one with more time on Interent is productive. It removes the dependency on frequent breaks (since both are equal now) and thus instead of strengthening, weakens in some way
C: Here it is quite straightforward. Lesser the online time, lesser the breaks and lesser the productivity too.

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In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers [#permalink]

WHY IS OPTION B WRONG­

­Take another look at the wording of the conclusion:
Quote:
The researchers concluded that frequent work breaks are rejuvenating and improve concentration, thereby increasing productivity.

Notice that there's nothing here about the breaks involving Internet browsing. Rather, the conclusion is that breaks, in general, are beneficial. It just happens to be the case that the evidence for this claim is about Internet browsing, but it doesn't really matter if Internet browsing is a more impactful way to take a break than, say, staring out the window or eating a dozen cookies.

So (B)'s info about Internet browsing being better than other forms of breaks is irrelevant. We just want to strengthen the idea that breaks, overall, are beneficial. (B) doesn't do that, so it's out.

I hope that clears things up!
­
In a study of office workers at a corporation, Australian researchers [#permalink]
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