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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc

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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Dec 2018, 02:13
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E

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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.


(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 6
Page: 653

https://www.nytimes.com/1983/01/23/us/dioxin-s-peril-to-humans-proof-is-elusive.html

In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species tested, Dr. Poland of the University of Wisconsin's laboratory said in an interview, TCDD induces the production of enzymes that are the organism's attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant.

Originally posted by skim on 18 Jul 2009, 00:33.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Dec 2018, 02:13, edited 7 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2013, 09:53
11
9
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Important lesson for GMAT: : avoid gerund(e.g. trying) with possessive noun(e.g. organism's)

So A & B are out!!
C & D are out because of "attempt to try" as use attempt or try i.e. redundant error

so we are left with Correct choice E
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2011, 03:38
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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

So first of all it does not sound good :). If it were like

"enzymes are trying...." or like then it would have need our consideration. SO A, B are wrong and we have to use attempt.

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant (Wordy as attempt to try to...its like saying repeating again :) )
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it (Wordy)
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

E is clear winner and it has to be the OA.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2012, 01:55
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(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - Awkward

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Awkward

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant - Redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - Redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct. the noun 'attempt' replaces the gerund 'trying'
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2013, 02:31
1
Hi thangvietnam,

Adopting in answer choice (C) is correct.

In the question you mentioned correct answer is (C)

Option (B) has meaning error-- As per the sentence the imposition is on

1) Truck
2) Bus Engine's polution


Actually the imposition is on pollution by engines of both truck and bus, making (B) incorrect

Both of the modified options below are correct

(B) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting


joint adoption and jointly adopting -- both are correct;

Hope it helps.

Vercules
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2013, 10:17
3
Mission2012 wrote:
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant


Hi Experts,


the phrase "that are organism's...." is modifying "enzymes" or clause "dioxin induces the production of enzymes"?
as "that" is followed by "are" hence it should be "enzymes" but analysis of meaning suggests that it should be "dioxin induces the production of enzymes".

Please help. Where is my analysis going wrong.


Hi there,

You are correct in saying that the plural verb "are" indicates that "that" refers to enzymes. The meaning is that dioxin induces something: what does it induce? It induces the production of enzymes. These enzymes are the organism's attempt to metabolize the chemical or render it harmless. I agree that it would be more logical to infer that the production of the enzymes should be the entity being modified, but from the intended meaning of the sentence, it is clear that "that are" refers to enzymes since this part is not underlined.

I hope this helps!

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2015, 00:58
2
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

ANS - OA is E .

Lets eliminate incorrect option .

A. organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
Possesive + participle is always wrong .
It is a strict NO NO. Never choose a choice that has this formation. For example, "organism’s trying" is wrong .

B. organism’s trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant .
Possesive + participle is always wrong .
It is a strict NO NO. Never choose a choice that has this formation. For example, "organism’s trying" is wrong .
" Trying " will always take "to"
this answer has 2 mistakes .

C. organism’s attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant .
It is redundant and awkward . either it should be attempt to metabolize or try to metabolize.
both "try and attempt " at a same time redunt .

D. organism’s attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it .
Incorrect idomatic . To try and metabolize is wrong . to try to is right .

E. organism’s attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant .
Correct .
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 01:05
Capricorn369 wrote:
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - Awkward

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Awkward

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant - Redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - Redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct. the noun 'attempt' replaces the gerund 'trying'


I was stuck between D and E. Picked D :(
Could you explain the issues in D? As in, which part is redundant?
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 01:18
1
Madhavi1990 wrote:
Capricorn369 wrote:
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - Awkward

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Awkward

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant - Redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - Redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct. the noun 'attempt' replaces the gerund 'trying'


I was stuck between D and E. Picked D :(
Could you explain the issues in D? As in, which part is redundant?


'Attempt' and 'to try' mean the same thing hence, redundant.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2018, 23:13
skim wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 6
Page: 653

In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant


(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it possessive + ING wrong

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant it possessive + ING wrong

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant "try" redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it "try" redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

(E)
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2018, 00:52
Although an "-ing" verb such as trying can sometimes be used as a noun, the phrase the organism's trying to Metabolize in A is unidiomatic because trying is used as the object of organism's. In B, trying that it metabolize is ungrammatical. The noun attempt could follow organism's; also, it would parallel the noun enzymes, and parallelism is needed here because the sentence uses the linking verb are to equate enzymes and attempt. In C and D, however, attempt to try is redundant. Choice E, which says attempt to metabolize, is best. The phrase the chemical irritant is also the most concise and precise conclusion for the sentence because it clearly refers to the dioxin mentioned earlier. Hence, E is the answer.
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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2019, 11:12
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

First point of elimination,
trying vs attempt--- notice the word before the underling portion, organism’s__________ it has to be with attempt
Trying is an adjective. With a possessive noun (words that show owner ship) cannot be followed by an adjective.


Eliminate A and B
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Second point of elimination, attempt to try is redundant , attempt and try means the same thing. Eliminated C and D

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it

We are left with E
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 10:27
pronoun at the end of the sentence is normally wrong. pronoun should refer to a noun in preceding clause. if there is no noun in the preceding clause, it can refer to a noun in the following clause.

if we do not have parallelism that makes pronoun clear, we have a wrong pronoun

"it" in choice a,b and d is wrong for above reason

the following from rather new og books illustrate the above point.

Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was also of interest to the French throughout the first half of the twentieth century because they assumed that if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure. 

(A) if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure 
(B) without it their grip on Algeria would never be secure 
(C) their grip on Algeria was not ever secure if they did not hold it 
(D) without that, they could never be secure about their grip on Algeria 
(E) never would their grip on Algeria be secure if they did not hold it 
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2019, 01:15
doing can be a pure noun or gerund. doing as pure noun is a noun which can go with possesive , article (a,the), adjective and setra.
doing as a gerund can not go with possessive, articles, ...

inhere, we can not say that "trying" is a gerund and therefore can not go with possessive. "trying" can be a pure noun and ,so, can go with possessive. no reason to eliminate "trying" regarding this point.

we can eliminate "trying" for a different reason

when doing and action noun both exist, doing show a process and action noun shows a fact or an action . (honestly, I AM NOT CONFIDENT OF THIS POINT, PLS , COMMENT).
when only doing exist, doing can be a process or a fact. for example, "learning" in dictionary has two meanings, a process of learning and knowledge.

so, "trying" here is a process . this meaning is not fit the sentence. "enzymes" can not be a process of trying but an attempt of organization. so, the reason for eliminating of "trying" here is clear.

but there is another thing. noun and liking verb. we can have to following
noun is noun.
our spirit to learn gmat is our belief in america
noun is doing
my hobby is reading english books
noun is to do
my purpose is to pass gmat

we can see that 3 patterns above exist in english. depending on meaning of noun, each pattern is used. gmat do test this point. I do not remember the questions for this point to write down here.

"to do" is intended action, so, the noun must be fit, such as "purpose".
my hobby is to read English books
this is wrong because "hobby" , a routine job, can not be a intended action.

ok. so "trying" is wrong because the meaning of process is not fit to "enzymes"
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2019, 02:04
sorry to post second time
another way to think of "trying" is that there is no "trying" in the dictionary, so, there is no "trying" as a pure noun (some persons call verbal noun, but the term is not important).
because there is no pure noun "trying", "trying " in our problem is gerund. gerund, by definition, can not go with possessive, and, "trying" is wrong.

am i correct?, pls comment
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induc   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2019, 02:04
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