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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce

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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2017, 12:14
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2017, 08:44
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant


A Whenever possible, the GMAT prefers nouns to the gerund form of a verb.
B "Trying that" is not idiomatic. A non-reporting present participle verb cannot be followed by "that."
C "Attempt to try" is redundant.
D "Attempt to try" is redundant.
E Correct.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2017, 00:31
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skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant


I did not understand the meanig of the question prompt.
please do comment what is the meaning of the corret sentence, especially what is the role of the chemical irritant in the correct sentence
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 23:22
Hi, could anyone help explain the meaning of "the chemical irritant" in the sentence?
Secondly, why there is a comma precede the "or"? Thanks!
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 23:41
Carrieli wrote:
Hi, could anyone help explain the meaning of "the chemical irritant" in the sentence?
Secondly, why there is a comma precede the "or"? Thanks!


Carrieli, lets break this sentence
Dioxin induces the production of enzymes. Enzymes are organism attempt to metabolize the chemical irritant.
Now you can see that "the chemical irritant" (noun) which is the object of a sentence and that is metabolized by enzymes.
Comma + or render harmless is a non-essential modifier. render is used with adjective harmless explaining that this attempt of enzymes is harmless. The word OR explains that it either metabolizes or do nothing.
Hope its clear
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 00:13
Hi Sananoor, thanks for your reply. It is really helpful!
According to your reply, the organism’s attempt can metabolize the chemical irritant or do nothing. Is my understanding correct?
If yes, I'm confused why "or render harmless" is inserted in the middle of the sentence. I think it is better to write "the organism’s attempt to metabolize the chemical irritant, or render harmless"
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 00:24
Carrieli wrote:
Hi Sananoor, thanks for your reply. It is really helpful!
According to your reply, the organism’s attempt can metabolize the chemical irritant or do nothing. Is my understanding correct?
If yes, I'm confused why "or render harmless" is inserted in the middle of the sentence. I think it is better to write "the organism’s attempt to metabolize the chemical irritant, or render harmless"


Carrieli comma + Or render harmless is at very right position. consider this
Enzymes metabolize or do nothing
Therefore; enzymes metabolize, Or render harmless, the chemical irritant---> or render harmless is just in front of the act of enzymes "metabolize"
it means enzymes can do two things metabolize or render harmless. the main focus is to metabolize therefore Or render harmless is put in comma to give reader an idea that it can do two things at a time either metabolize or do nothing.
main focus is that dioxin induces enzymes which in turn metabolize chemical irritant.
Hope it is clear
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 01:15
sananoor wrote:
Carrieli wrote:
Hi Sananoor, thanks for your reply. It is really helpful!
According to your reply, the organism’s attempt can metabolize the chemical irritant or do nothing. Is my understanding correct?
If yes, I'm confused why "or render harmless" is inserted in the middle of the sentence. I think it is better to write "the organism’s attempt to metabolize the chemical irritant, or render harmless"


Carrieli comma + Or render harmless is at very right position. consider this
Enzymes metabolize or do nothing
Therefore; enzymes metabolize, Or render harmless, the chemical irritant---> or render harmless is just in front of the act of enzymes "metabolize"
it means enzymes can do two things metabolize or render harmless. the main focus is to metabolize therefore Or render harmless is put in comma to give reader an idea that it can do two things at a time either metabolize or do nothing.
main focus is that dioxin induces enzymes which in turn metabolize chemical irritant.
Hope it is clear


Hi Sananoor, I got it, thank you~
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 02:39
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Error Analysis:
Option A- incorrect usage of trying. Also pronoun it is incorrectly used.
Option B- Incorrect usage of trying.
Option C- Redundancy . Attempt and try means the same.
Option D- Same as C.
Option E- Correct
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 01:05
Capricorn369 wrote:
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - Awkward

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Awkward

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant - Redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - Redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct. the noun 'attempt' replaces the gerund 'trying'


I was stuck between D and E. Picked D :(
Could you explain the issues in D? As in, which part is redundant?
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 01:18
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Madhavi1990 wrote:
Capricorn369 wrote:
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - Awkward

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Awkward

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant - Redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - Redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct. the noun 'attempt' replaces the gerund 'trying'


I was stuck between D and E. Picked D :(
Could you explain the issues in D? As in, which part is redundant?


'Attempt' and 'to try' mean the same thing hence, redundant.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 11:59
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

Organism's trying is incorrect. Eliminate answers A and B

The pronoun 'it' at the end of the sentence is refering to something and this is unclear to us. Hence, eliminate D

In C, the phrase 'attemp to try' is redundant. Attempt means 'to try', to try to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant?

The correct answer is E
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 08:56
skim wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 6
Page: 653

In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant



let me try this...

attemp to try to is redundant...hence C and D is out...
B,,pronoun issue (it)
A--organism's trying to metabolize sounds awkward,,,

ans E
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 09:57
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - The phrase “trying to metabolize” is intended to be used as noun in this sentence, but this usage is not correct, especially with possessive “organism’s”. Whenever we are required to use the noun form of word, we must use the “proper” noun form of it and not the “ing” form; pronoun it at the end does not have a antecedent --? organism is an adjective
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant -- same as A
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant -“attempt to try” is redundant because attempt means to try.
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - “attempt to try” is redundant because attempt means to try ;Phrase “the chemical irritating it” is wordier than “a chemical irritant”.
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct

Answer E
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2018, 23:13
skim wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 6
Page: 653

In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant


(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it possessive + ING wrong

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant it possessive + ING wrong

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant "try" redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it "try" redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

(E)
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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induce  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2018, 07:07
egmat wrote:
Mission2012 wrote:
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant


Hi Experts,


the phrase "that are organism's...." is modifying "enzymes" or clause "dioxin induces the production of enzymes"?
as "that" is followed by "are" hence it should be "enzymes" but analysis of meaning suggests that it should be "dioxin induces the production of enzymes".

Please help. Where is my analysis going wrong.


Hi there,

You are correct in saying that the plural verb "are" indicates that "that" refers to enzymes. The meaning is that dioxin induces something: what does it induce? It induces the production of enzymes. These enzymes are the organism's attempt to metabolize the chemical or render it harmless. I agree that it would be more logical to infer that the production of the enzymes should be the entity being modified, but from the intended meaning of the sentence, it is clear that "that are" refers to enzymes since this part is not underlined.

I hope this helps!

Regards,
Meghna


egmat
if that is referring to enzymes, don't you think those should have been used instead of that. That is singular and it should refer back to singular.

As per manhattan's SC
A little oddly, the GMAT insists that any “New Copy” that or those agree in number with the previous version. If you must change number, repeat the noun.
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